Daily Doc: PM, Dec 4, 1989: Application of Pesticides in Turkey

Daily Doc: Application of Pesticides in Turkey


Title: REVIEW OF PHOSPHINE FUMIGATION PRACTICES AT ORIENTAL LEAF DEALERS IN TURKEY AND GREECE
PM, Dec 4, 1989
Bates #: 2022167941/7945


November 22, 2000

This document gives us an idea of the laxity of procedures in application of pesticides to tobacco in developing countries. This (Philip Morris) document reveals that not only was very little if any attention paid to the safety of the workers applying the chemicals, but also little if any monitoring of the application of the pesticides to the tobacco itself.

With an unregulated, monitored and uninspired product that people regularly take into their bodies, a situation such as this could be a problem.

CITATION

Title: REVIEW OF PHOSPHINE FUMIGATION PRACTICES AT ORIENTAL LEAF DEALERS IN TURKEY AND GREECE
Type of Document: Memo, outline
Author: Faustini, DL
Recipient:Mr. Richard J. English
Date: 19891204
Site: Philip Morris document site http://www.pmdocs.com
Bates No. 2022167941/7945
Page Count 5
URL: http://www.pmdocs.com/getallimg.asp?DOCID=2022167941/7945
Litigation Usage:None yet
Found Using Search Criteria: "Turkey& confidential" on the Philip Morris site (Happy Thanksgiving!)

QUOTES
At your request, a visit was made to PM oriental leaf dealersin Izmir, Turkey and Thessaloniki, Greece, to review current management practices...relating to tobacco fumigation.

CURRENT CONTROL PRACTICES:

...Treatments are conducted under tarpaulin (tent) of selected tobacco stacks within dealer storage areas...No monitoring is PH5 gas concentrations during application, gassing, or degassing periods are performed...Neither monitoring pumps or gas concentration tubes were available for use by State license fumigators. Inspection of gas concentrations of tobaccos under fumigation at two locations revealed considerable variability and low readings suggest ineffective treatments. No safety equipment (e.g., self-contained breathing apparatus and gas masks with phosphine filter canisters) were available for protection. State agriculture experts informed me that they were aware of safety protection and monitoring equipment but did not feel that devices were readily available in Turkey. Gas readings taken in the breathing zone of an applicator during the course of a fumigation revealed gas concentrations in excess of 4.0 ppm exceeding the TLV (threshold limit value) of 0.1 ppm phosphine. . .

Two phosphine accidents occurred in 1988 from lack of pesticide safety knowledge: (1) at one location four employees were informed they could enter a phosphine tarpaulin treatment area because an expert assured them "there was no problem, the gas will not hurt you." All four had to be taken to a local hospital for phosphine gas exposure...


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Anne Landman, Regional Program Coordinator
American Lung Association of Colorado, West Region Office
Grand Junction, CO
(970) 245-2120
afoxland@gj.net
This document's URL is: http://www.tobacco.org/Documents/dd/ddpesticidesturkey.html

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