Tobacco News on the Web Archive, July, 1997

Tobacco News on the Web

Archive, July, 1997

Note: These articles wink in and out of existence with the frequency of sub-atomic particles. Many links will be dead. In that case, these pages can be approached as bibliographies, both noting the event, and showing where you might look for further information.

  • 07/02/97 CBS: Tobacco Criminal Probe Continues Reuters
      Justice Department officials have taken statements from executives and scientists at Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co., focusing on whether the company lied about genetic engineering of tobacco and obstructed justice by hiding documents [under the guise of lawyer-client privilege], CBS News reported Wednesday. The report on the CBS Evening News said federal investigators had been given a green light to continue their criminal probe of cigarette company executives and their lawyers despite last month's global settlement between the tobacco companies and state governments.

  • 07/02/97 Oral Arguments for FDA Appeal Set for August 11 Reuters
      A three-member federal appeals court will hear oral arguments August 11 on last spring's court decision upholding the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) right to regulate of the U.S. tobacco industry. An official of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fouth Circuit in Richmond, Virginia, said on Wednesday a written ruling would likely be issued several weeks after the arguments are made in Warm Springs, Virginia.

  • 07/02/97 PHILIP MORRIS Offers Its Solutions for Tough Environmental Problems Derrick Z. Jackson, Boston Globe
      American Rivers, which says it is the nation's top river conservation group, last month gave out 17 Urban Hometown Rivers awards at a two-day symposium in Washington, D.C. . . The main sponsor was Philip Morris. . . The awards by Philip Morris are an example of why, despite the current deal between Big Tobacco and the states, cigarette makers are cheered by community groups as funders of great civic undertakings instead of being hissed as the greatest undertaker. The deal does not stop Big Tobacco from funding groups that allow the grim reaper to reap a harvest of credibility.

  • 07/01/97 Trials On Despite Smoke Deal Close Look At 'Settlement' Shows Loose Ends, Including Ongoing Class Actions. National Law Journal

  • 07/02/97 UK: Lung Cancer Victims Take Cig Giants to Court Times of London
      Martyn Day, the smokers' solicitor, is working on a "no win, no fee" basis after failing to gain them legal aid. The 47 are each claiming £50,000. Mr Day estimates that this would leave the tobacco firms liable to a total of £1 billion a year. They argue that tobacco firms knew, or should have known, by the 1950s that cigarettes were lethal but failed to minimise the risks by cutting the tar content and printing warnings on packets. Even if the firms could show that they did not know of the dangers, the smokers will argue that they were liable under consumer protection laws.
    • 07/02/97 British Smokers Seek Judge for Case Decision on appointing judge due Friday. AP Washington Post
    • 07/01/97 UK Court to Decide on Tobacco Case on Friday Reuters
    • 07/01/97 UK Court to Decide on Merits of Suit against Tobacco Firms The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
        At a critical hearing, the court will decide if 47 lung-cancer sufferers can proceed with their case against the U.K.'s two largest cigarette manufacturers, or whether there is insufficient evidence or merit to bring the case to trial. Following the recent landmark proposal to settle tobacco-liability cases in the U.S., the U.K. action against Imperial Tobacco PLC and Gallaher Group PLC is being closely watched, both in the U.K. and abroad. If it clears Tuesday's crucial hurdle, the case could become a test of strength between Europe's nascent antismoking movement and the tobacco industry.

  • 07/01/97 UK Minister Praises Advertising Self-Regulation Reuters
      Nigel Griffiths, consumer affairs minister, told a gathering of business executives the government believed self-regulation was more effective and cheaper than statutory regulation. "I am a great believer in self-regulation (of the advertising industry)," he told a luncheon organised by the Incorporated Society of British Advertisers (ISBA). . . Griffiths said the government would move gradually toward its planned ban on tobacco sponsorship of sporting events. "It has got to be done in a way that does not damage sports. So there will be a transition period," he said. "Our government is very sensitive to the concerns of British sports. We want to see Formula One continue on British television," Griffiths said.

  • 07/02/97 Smoking Foes Face a Battle Overseas Governments Make Profits from the Industry's High Taxes Bloomberg/Winston-Salem Journal
      Aside from a more relaxed attitude toward smoking at a cultural level, campaigners face legal systems far less amenable to personal-injury claims. Since such governments as those in Japan and Spain still own their largest tobacco companies and depend on the revenue from steep tobacco taxes, some nations will be unwilling to support litigation.

  • 07/01/97 FRANCE: New Health Minister BERNARD KOUCHNER Gets Tough on Smoking Reuters
      Bernard Kouchner, France's new Health Minister, said he will introduce new requirements for health warnings on cigarette packets and will not tolerate an alcohol brand using the World Cup football tournament as a shop window. . . "I also announce that I will take measures in the next few days on the labelling of cigarette packets, to make prevention messages more readable," he said. Last month, a Paris court fined cigarette makers Seita and Rothmans for having health warnings that distorted the meaning of the labelling law. Seita was fined 300,000 French francs ($50,900) and Rothmans 200,000 francs. "I was particularly shocked by attempts, condemned by the courts, to distort these messages. These must be less ambiguous and easier to read," Kouchner said.

  • 07/01/97 "TOBACCO CHINA": World's Largest Cig Market Examined Tobacco Merchants Assn press release/LA Times
      In 1996, China's 300 million smokers consumed 1.68 trillion cigarettes, making that country the single largest tobacco market in the world. China's tobacco market is more than three times larger than the cigarette market in the United States, where there were 46 million smokers and 487 billion cigarettes sold last year. More than three years in the making, Tobacco China is an economic, financial, brand-tracking, marketing, and public policy manual that addresses China's tobacco industry at the national, provincial and factory levels. "Tobacco China is the most comprehensive collection of tobacco market information ever complied on the world's largest market," commented TMA President Farrell Delman. CD-ROM available from Tobacco Merchants Association, Princeton James Vari, 609/275-4900 Fax: 609/275-8379

  • 07/02/97 Swine Have Taken over the NORTH CAROLINA Farm The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      But the mere fact that an intrastate battle over hogs is hotter than the national debate over a proposed tobacco settlement shows how fundamentally farming has changed in North Carolina. "I thought we would grow tobacco forever," Craig Thornton, 42 years old, said last week as he peered into a hog house filled with 730 squealing pigs nearing their slaughter weight of 250 pounds. Now 14 such houses sit on land where his family grew tobacco for three generations.

  • 07/02/97 VIRGINIA: GILMORE Takes Tour of Tobacco Country [Republican gubernatorial candidate James S. Gilmore III] reminds farmers he's stood by them Richmond Times-Dispatch

  • 07/01/97 MASSACHUSETTS: Senator Accepts Ban on Smoking
      With the last bastion of opposition crumbling, the 200-year-old tradition of smoke-filled rooms on Beacon Hill is taking its final gasps. Senate President Thomas F. Birmingham, the most prominent holdout against declaring the historic Massachusetts State House smoke-free, backed down yesterday and told his Senate colleagues to go along with a plan to ban smoking there. Last night, the Senate unanimously approved the plan.

  • 07/01/97 KENTUCKY: LEXINGTON Shuts Down Tobacco Firm's Composting Business Lexington Herald Leader
      After a four-hour public hearing Friday, Lexington's Board of Adjustment voted unanimously to revoke the permit granted to G.F. Vaughan Tobacco Co. in 1995 to operate a commercial composting enterprise . . . "I believe commercial composting operations can be very helpful, but it is abundantly clear that the odor from G.F. Vaughan was unbearable," said Bruce Simpson, an attorney who represented the residents. "You literally could not sit on your front porch because it was so noxious."

  • 07/01/97 CALIFORNIA: Independent to End, BRAUDE Leaves Office LA Times
      A former two-pack-a-day smoker, Braude suggested in 1973 that theaters, restaurants and bars be required to offer smoke-free zones. Two decades and a dozen council votes passed before Los Angeles became the nation's largest city to ban smoking in all restaurants.
  • 06/30/97 CALIFORNIA: PROFILE: MARVIN BRAUDE Is One of a Kind 32-year Los Angeles City Council member "showed us you don't have to be president, governor or mayor to have a monumental impact." LA Times.
      Nonsmokers' rights. Braude became one of the first political figures to take on the tobacco industry. His trail-blazing legislative efforts to ban smoking in restaurants and other public places are now the norm throughout California, and "Big Tobacco," which fought Braude every step of the way, is on the run across the nation.

  • 07/02/97 Glaxo Wellcome Launches ZYBAN Smoking Cessation Tablet Dow Jones (pay registration)
      The company said results from the two studies demonstrated that patients treated with Zyban 300 milligrams/day had more than a two-fold chance of quitting than patients treated with placebo.
  • 07/01/97 CESSATION: New Aid to Smoking Cessation Treatment Available to Help Smokers Declare Independence from Cigarettes Zyban PR Newswire
      A new prescription medicine to help people quit smoking and declare their independence from cigarettes is making its way to drug stores in time for the Fourth of July. Zyban(TM) (bupropion hydrochloride) Sustained-Release Tablets offer smokers the first nicotine-free prescription medicine and an entirely new way to help people quit.
  • 07/02/97 Response from LifeSign Stop-Smoking Computer "The LifeSign(R) Stop Smoking Computer: Still the Only Drug-Free, Scientifically Proven Program Today PR Newswire

  • 07/02/97 BUSINESS: BUNZL to Buy AMERICAN FILTRONA for $178M Dow Jones/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      British paper and plastics maker Bunzl PLC said Wednesday it agreed to buy American Filtrona Corp., a maker of bonded fibers and plastics, for $178 million, or $46.52 a share. . . American Filtrona, based in Richmond, Va., makes cigarette filters and fiber-filled ink reservoirs for pens and markers, and plastics for products ranging from light fixtures to fences and marine goods.

  • 07/02/97 End of Marlboro Man Would Mark End of an Era POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      "You might think somebody in Detroit might be taken by the idea of the cowboy, but what is weird is that people here in the West are just as taken," said Carrier, who, a few years ago, wrote a seven-part series of articles called "In Search of the Marlboro Man." . . Americans have continued to respond to the cowboy imagery. That fascination persists almost the way smoking persists in this country -- in denial of the evidence, in the distinctly American belief in an Out There where an untenable position can somehow become a trail to a happy ending.
  • 07/01/97 Billboard Painter May Follow Marlboro Man into Sunset The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Mr. [Dan] Hole is the nation's leading painter of Marlboro billboards, a job with precious little security at the moment. A landmark tobacco settlement proposes to ban all cigarette billboards and all ads with human characters. Meanwhile, the billboard industry is in the throes of automation anyway, with human artists being replaced by big digital painting machines that scan images and convert them into blasts of paint. All that makes Mr. Hole one of a vanishing breed of "pictorial artists" who paint billboards the old-fashioned way -- using a brush and oil paint on plywood sections that, combined, create images of the size of small apartment buildings. His employer, family-owned Outdoor Media Group, is under contract with Leo Burnett Co., an ad agency for Philip Morris Cos., to paint by hand some of the biggest and best-known Marlboro billboards around -- towering commercial artworks that dominate the skylines of cities . . . Here's the item at PostNet (Expires quickly)

  • 07/02/97 MOVIES: Even Tiny Aliens Are Smoking in "MEN IN BLACK" Article doesn't mention they prefer Marlboros, escaping a situation with a basket full. SF Chronicle
      Some of these aliens are marvelous special-effects creations -- if it's still possible to get excited about special effects. There are slinky, wormy little aliens who smoke cigarettes and drink coffee.

  • 07/02/97 BOOKS: "HOLY SMOKE" Published in US POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      It is no surprise that "Holy Smoke", first published in England in 1985, is now being published in the United States. [A]s Cuban novelist and cigar connoisseur Guillermo Cabrera Infante would cheerily agree, where there is smoke there is literature, and this is a dazzling, if at times exhausting, tour de force . . Cabrera Infante discusses anything from the Spanish Conquest and U.S. comedians to etiquette, the history of matches, song lyrics and the proper way to light a cigar.
    You can order it here

  • 07/01/97 BUSINESS: SMITH BARNEY Picks 15 "Exceptional Names"--Including PHILIP MORRIS Reuters
      Smith Barney on Tuesday released a list of 15 stocks selected as "Exceptional Names," a portfolio it views as "particularly attractive" over the next 12 months.

  • 07/01/97 BAT to Unveil Demerger Plans Reuters

  • 07/01/97 Natwest Leads $300M Financing for Tobacco Firm Despite Publicity American Banker
      Amid one of the tobacco industry's worst public lashings, Natwest Markets last week assembled a $300 million high-yield bond and bank loan package for National Tobacco Corp., the producer of Beech Nut loose-leaf chewing tobacco. The financing, which supports National Tobacco's acquisition of North Atlantic Trading Co., the maker of Zig Zag cigarette rolling papers, was the second high-yield bond issue led by Natwest, the U.S. investment banking arm of Britain's National Westminster PLC

  • 07/02/97 Investors Can Satisfy Conscience, Wallet USA Today
      But recently, several fund managers have set out to prove that it's possible to make money and feel good at the same time. Using skills they learned creating socially responsible portfolios for institutional and wealthy clients, they have come out with a new crop of funds for retail investors with similar ideals.

  • 07/01/97 AIR TRAVEL: Smokefree Air Travel Now Becoming a Reality, Secretary Slater Says PR Newswire
      Secretary of Transportation Rodney E. Slater today praised the voluntary actions of U.S. and foreign airlines which have made international air travel virtually smoke-free. He noted that starting today, both American Airlines and United Airlines will prohibit smoking on all of their flights, joining most other U.S. carriers and making approximately 97 percent of non-stop scheduled U.S. airlines flights between the United States and foreign destinations smoke-free. Other major U.S. carriers offering completely smoke-free international service are Alaska Airlines, America West Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Trans World Airlines and US Airways.

  • 07/01/97 SPORTS: BOXING Smokers Return AP/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      THE BIG SMOKE Hollywood Casino and Chicago Cigar Smoker magazine are teaming up for a series of boxing smokers. A $50 ticket includes dinner, boxing and plenty of premium smokes. Casino officials plan to hold the boxing smokers three or four times a year. Last week's sold-out event, held at Aurora's North Island Center, featured three bouts from promoter Bobby Hitz showcasing some young fighters eager to make their mark in the boxing world.

  • 07/01/97 OBITUARY: ROBERT MITCHUM, 79, Actor AP Washington Post
      Mitchum, who had been suffering from emphysema and was diagnosed in spring with lung cancer, died at 5 a.m. at his Santa Barbara County home, family spokesman Jerry Roberts said.
  • 07/02/97 ROBERT MITCHUM, Face of an Era Washington Post
      The hulking star with the once-beautiful, later battered face, the butt hanging at an insolent angle from his passive lips, the smoke getting in but not remotely disturbing those deadpan, flesh-sheathed eyes, died in his sleep yesterday at 79 at his home in Santa Barbara, Calif., of complications from emphysema and lung cancer. No man ever looked better smoking, even if it killed him in the end, and a subversive might argue: That was cool, too. It certainly seemed to reflect his unstated motto, which was "I don't give a [expletive]."

  • 07/01/97 OBITUARY: William Hickey, 69, Actor and Teacher The New York Times (Free Registration)
      William Hickey, whose career as an actor on stage and in radio, television and films reached its peak in his portrayal of a decrepit, raspy-voiced Mafia don in the 1985 film "Prizzi's Honor," died Sunday at Beth Israel Hospital. He was 69 and lived in Greenwich Village. The cause was complications of emphysema and bronchitis, said his companion, Lilli Afan.

  • 07/01/97 OPINION: High Cig Taxes Create New Headaches Greensboro News & Record worries about smuggling.
      Cigarette taxes are already producing diminishing returns, so the idea of financing children's health care with them owes more to political posing than to sound planning. In addition, high taxes create black markets. Just ask the cops in Ohio and Michigan.

  • 07/05/97 Tobacco Deal Heats Up Nicotine Patch War Settlement Includes Money For Treatment Of Smoking Habit; Marketers Looking For Windfall. The Wall Street Journal article, from the Winston-Salem Journal

  • 07/05/97 BOSNIA: KARADZIC Hardliners Defy Woman Leader The Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska is enmeshed in a power struggle between Pres. Biljana Plavsic and her predecessor--accused war criminal/cigarette baron Radovan Karadzic. Times of London
      HARDLINE members of the Republika Srpska parliament held a crisis session yesterday in defiance of an order disbanding it by Biljana Plavsic, the Bosnian Serb president. The move by Mrs Plavsic is directed at the clandestine might of Radovan Karadzic, the indicted war criminal. Yesterday the collision course was set: her order for new elections on September 1 was to be ignored, and the hardline Serbs were preparing to dismiss Mrs Plavsic from office. . . "I am sorry this happened, but crime must be stopped," Mrs Plavsic told them. "[War] victims did not fall for a state of thieves, but for a state of honest people." Whoever wins this power struggle, it is unlikely that Republika Srpska can survive. . . The Karadzic-Krajisnik companies are called Centrex and Select-Impex, and bring in massive revenues from contraband . . . Police sources in Banja Luka have spoken of whole teams of customs police being replaced by Karadzic loyalists overnight, as planes laden with cigarettes and alcohol land at the town's military airport. Dr Karadzic controls a nationwide secret police network, which leaves most Bosnian Serbs terrified of divulging the inner workings of their republic. "The consequence of this is an enormous accumulation of wealth by a relatively small number of our population," Mrs Plavsic said in an extraordinary address from the Banja Luka studio of state television. "Do they think that the rest of the population will be their slaves?"

  • 07/05/97 INDIA: OPINION: Tobacco Giants Move in for the Kill Sujit John, Times of India
      Therefore, the focus of the market expansion drive will certainly be the developing countries. And in this, the cigarette majors can expect the full backing of home governments. . . Where national and local governments in emerging markets have initiated anti-smoking campaigns, these typically pale into insignificance before the glitz unleashed by MNCs. By and large, effective campaigns and measures are avoided, the primary concern being foreign investment and revenues from tobacco taxes. This is myopic. . . Efforts by tobacco companies to cloud this fact by the glamour they associate with the likes of Joe Camel and the Marlboro Man must be defeated.

  • 07/05/97 CIGAR Wars: Could Disclosure Ban Stogies in MINNESOTA? Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune
      The Marty amendment "is a back-door attempt to shut down the cigar industry in Minnesota," Beahrs said recently at his aromatic Jonathon Robert Fielding & Co. shop in Roseville. Cigarmakers, he said, don't know what substances are in their products and don't intend to find out, much less disclose them to the state Department of Health. "But they will not lose Minnesota as a market," Beahrs added. "It will simply come in through the mail from other states." That would leave Minnesota a big loser of millions in excise taxes on cigars. No one knows exactly how many millions, but in the fiscal year ended June 30 the state taxed cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff and chewing tobacco to the tune of an estimated $12.6 million.

  • 07/05/97 ARIZONA: Court Denies Restaurateur's Bid to End Smoking Ban Arizona Daily Star
      The Arizona Supreme Court refused to block enforcement of the state's toughest anti-smoking law. In a ruling made public Thursday, the justices rejected pleas by the owner of the Marquee Restaurant to stop the city of Mesa from forcing him to ban smoking in his eatery. Robert Jobin argued that city officials were acting unfairly in refusing to grant him an exception from the year-old law that bans smoking in most public places. The justices gave no reason for their decision. With his legal remedies exhausted, Jobin said he will make one more attempt to get an exemption based on his loss of business. If that fails, Jobin said he will be forced to close the restaurant he has owned for more than 13 years.

  • 07/05/97 LETTER: MOVIES: Deplorable Placement; Marlboro Touted in "My Best Friend's Wedding?" Susan Newell, LA Times
      I was appalled at the Marlboro product placement in the movie "My Best Friend's Wedding," especially the hallway scene in the hotel with the bellman. It was like a commercial touting the "comforting qualities" of smoking. . . But why, oh why would Sony "need" the money to get this movie made and promoted? . . . And why would Julia Roberts agree to glamorize smoking by playing that scene? Surely she must be aware of her influence on young girls and women. . . She could have insisted on being a nail-biter or something. It wouldn't have made the movie any better or worse, but it would have been more honorable.

  • 07/05/97 EDITORIAL: MASSACHUSETTS: Fresh Air on Beacon Hill Boston Globe
      Senate President Thomas Birmingham saw the light this week, and it wasn't a Newport. The chain-smoking legislator was a breath of fresh air as he allowed Senate passage of an overdue measure to ban smoking in the Massachusetts State House. It is expected to pass easily in the House. Known to wield the most powerful ashtray on Beacon Hill, Birmingham was the main obstacle to the ban, standing with tradition, his fellow smokers, and Governor Weld's hands-off, libertarian philosophy to make the State House an anachronism: the only major public building in the Commonwealth where a person can still light up anywhere in the halls.

  • 07/07/97 MISS. Becomes First State to Settle with Tobacco Firms The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)

  • 07/04/97 Tobacco Firms, MISS. Settle Washington Post
      The tobacco industry has agreed to pay Mississippi nearly $3.4 billion over the next 25 years to settle the state's pioneering lawsuit, making it the first plaintiff to collect money from the industry in a suit over tobacco, officials announced yesterday.
  • 07/04/97 MISS. Is First to Settle Tobacco Suit Reuters
  • 07/04/97 PROFILE: MOORE Scores Again Against Big Tobacco LA Times
  • 07/04/97 4 Tobacco Cos Settle with MISS. The New York Times (Free Registration)
  • 07/04/97 MISS. Settles Its Tobacco Industry Suit LA Times
  • 07/04/97 Cigarette Makers Set to Ante Up Dallas Morning News
  • 07/04/97 Tobacco Firms to Pay MISSISSIPPI $3.7bln Boston Globe
  • 07/04/97 Big Tobacco to Pay $3.6b to MISS. NY Newsday
  • 07/04/97 MISS: B&W $30m Share of Settlement Times of London
  • 07/03/97 MISS Gov. FORDICE Blasts Tobacco Deals Reuters
      Blasting the agreement as a deal "about big bucks and big publicity," the staunch Republican conservative said the state agreement, like its national counterpart, was sure to do little more than to enrich a small group of trial lawyers. "This is a dangerous precedent: a sin tax levied by the way of litigation, not legislation," Fordice said in a statement. "If this new tax on smokers is in fact going to be assessed and billions collected, I would have preferred that it had been done by the state legislatures or Congress, in keeping with the democratic traditions of our country."
  • 07/04/97 Tobacco Industry Agrees to Settle Washington Times
  • 07/03/97 MISSISSIPPI, Tobacco Settle First Medicaid Suit Reuters
  • 07/03/97 Tobacco Industry Settles Lawsuit CNNfn
  • 07/03/97 TOBACCO BIZ, MISSISSIPPI SETTLE AP Washington Post
      The tobacco industry has agreed to pay Mississippi over $4 billion to resolve its pioneering lawsuit against cigarette makers, state Attorney General Mike Moore said today. "It's going to be a big chunk up front and then paid every year," Moore told The Associated Press in a telephone interview from his Washington motel. "I'm leaving Washington shortly to bring home some mighty good news."
  • 07/03/97 Tobacco to Pay MISSISSIPPI $3B AP Washington Post
  • 07/03/97 MISSISSIPPI to Get $170mln from Tobacco Cos by July 15 Reuters
      The agreement in principle would be superseded by the broader, comprehensive tobacco accord pending before Congress. The tobacco companies said that beginning in December 1998, they will pay Mississippi a 1.7 percent share of the annual payments to be made to the states. Without giving effect to adjustments for inflation and changes in sales volume, this could result in payments to Mississippi of $68 million in 1998 and $76.5 million in 1999.
  • 07/03/97 Tobacco Cos Say National Solution Still Needed Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Tobacco companies Phillip Morris Cos. (MO), R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. and Lorillard Tobacco Co. said their settlement of pending litigation in Mississippi "does not end the need for a national solution of the tobacco conflict."
  • 07/03/97 PM, RJR, B&W, LORILLARD Statement PR Newswire
  • 07/03/97 MISS. Shows Tobacco Can be Pushed Further--ASH Reuters
      "It suggests that other states whose trials are also coming up should hold out for large amounts to likewise compensate their taxpayers for money spent on Medicaid diseases, and that the President and Congress should not accept the 'deal' now being offered, but rather hold out for many more concessions," ASH said in a statement.
  • 07/03/97 ASH: Today's Mississippi Tobacco Settlement Shows How Far Industry Can Be Pushed; Suggests that President and Congress Should Hold Out for Far More in 'Global Deal' ASH PR Newswire

  • 07/04/97 LEBOW to Answer Questions for RJR; Threat of Hefty Fine Moves Liggett Chairman To Agree To Deposition Court fight over sealed Liggett documents, some of which were leaked. Winston-Salem Journal
      It took more than three months and the threat of a large fine, but four cigarette companies suing the Liggett Group Inc. over the release of secret industry documents will get to question Bennett LeBow, who controls Liggett. Attorneys for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. and three of its rivals should be able to get a sworn statement, called a deposition, from LeBow within two or three weeks, according to Judge William H. Freeman of Forsyth Superior Court. Freeman found LeBow in contempt of court June 27 and ordered a fine of $100,000 a day . . starting Tuesday.
  • 07/04/97 Judge: LEBOW Should Give Deposition AP Washington Post

  • 07/03/97 Reynolds Wins Delay in KARBIWNYK Case Reuters
      A Florida judge on Thursday agreed to postpone until October a product-liability lawsuit against RJ Reynolds Tobacco Co filed on behalf of an ailing smoker -- a case that had been scheduled for August 4. The smoker's attorney, Norwood Wilner, said in an interview he would seek to combine the case of Joann Karbiwnyk with that of John Keegan, another smoker with lung cancer whose trial is scheduled for October 4 in a state court in Jacksonville.
    • 07/02/97 KARBIWNYK: No Ruling Yet on Industry's Renewed Postponement Plea Reuters
        A Jacksonville judge did not rule Wednesday on whether to postpone a product liability case against R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co . . . Circuit Judge Michael Weatherby also gave no ruling on whether Wilner could seek punitive damages against Reynolds on behalf of his client, Joann Karbiwnyk, the secretary said. It was not clear whether the judge would rule before the Independence Day holiday July 4.
    • 07/01/97 KARBIWNYK: Judge Hears Arguments in New Wilner Smoking Case Reuters
        In a three-hour pre-trial hearing in judge's chambers at state court in Jacksonville, Circuit Judge Michael Weatherby heard Wilner argue that he should be allowed to seek punitive damages on behalf of his client Joann Karbiwnyk, who says her smoking of Reynolds' Winston and Salem brands caused her to develop lung cancer diagnosed in 1995. Attorneys for Reynolds said Florida law should not permit that.

  • 07/03/97 FTC Still Pursuing Joe Camel Suit Bloomberg/Winston-Salem Journal
      AT YESTERDAY'S hearing, Reynolds' attorneys said that the FTC's subpoena, received in early June, is too broad and requires between 5 million and 8 million pages of documents dating back as far as 1972. John Williams, an attorney for Reynolds, told the court that the company planned to ask to have the FTC's complaint thrown out because the commission hasn't shown a direct link between Joe Camel and underage smoking.

  • 07/04/97 Tobacco Under Fire in UK CNNfn
      The High Court named Anthony May to handle the preliminary stages of the case, in which plaintiffs contend that Imperial Tobacco Group and Gallaher Group failed to curb the damage of smoking. The suit could result in multi-billion-dollar verdicts against the two big tobacco firms if the 47 plaintiffs are successful. Legal experts say the group action could open a floodgate of similar lawsuits.
  • 07/05/97 Court Paves Way for Smokers' Claims Irish Times
  • 07/04/97 UK Court Allows Tobacco Trial to Start within 18 Months The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
  • 07/04/97 Both Sides Claim Edge in UK's First Tobacco Suit Reuters
      "I'm delighted they've agreed to go ahead and that they've allocated a judge to deal with it speedily," said Martyn Day, the lawyer representing the cancer sufferers. But Gallaher said the hearing was a very preliminary administrative step and stressed that the high court had not ruled it "practical or necessary" to assign a trial judge. . . Gallaher Group Plc also pointed out that the court rejected Day's application for a trial judge to be assigned. But Day said the tobacco giants had failed in their attempt to have the case thrown out. "What I'm very pleased about is that they agreed to a very early hearing," he told Reuters.
  • 07/04/97 UK Court Allows Landmark Tobacco Case to Proceed Reuters
  • 07/04/97 Britain Appoints Judge to Hear Tobacco Cancer Case Reuters
      The High Court named ANTHONY MAY to handle the preliminary stages of the case, which could result in multi-billion pound (dollar) payments against Imperial Tobacco Group Plc (IMT.L) and Gallaher Group Plc (GLH) (GLH.L) if the 47 plaintiffs are successful.
  • 07/04/97 UK: Court Clears Way for Class Action Tobacco Suit Dow Jones (pay registration)
      A senior High Court official who had been asked to determine a timetable for any proceedings on Friday transferred the case to Justice May for a directions hearing, which is expected to be held this month. The main hearing, which could still falter if the tobacco companies succeed in getting the action struck out, is expected within 18 months.
  • 07/04/97 IMPERIAL, GALLAHER Like Court Ruling Reuters
      Gallaher Group Plc said: "The plaintiffs' application to have a trial judge assigned at this stage of the litigation was refused. The court has, however, directed that a judge should review the claims at a later date."

  • 07/03/97 UK: Companies Lobby for US-Style Buybacks Reuters
      In the U.S., companies buying back their own shares do not have to cancel them, as they do in the UK, and can sell them again when they need to. Additionally, they do not pay tax to buy the shares, unlike the UK where companies pay advance corporation tax o

  • 07/04/97 UK: MP NEIL HAMILTON's Credibility Torn to Shreds by "Compelling Evidence" Times of London
      NEIL HAMILTON, whose defiant rejection of the cash for questions allegations overshadowed the Tory election campaign, is found to have accepted at least £25,000. The damning conclusions of the report disclose that Sir Gordon Downey, the Parliamentary Commissioner, effectively dismissed Mr Hamilton's 36,000-word submission to the inquiry as untrue. Mr Hamilton's credibility is torn to shreds in the 900-page report. He is found to have taken cash for questions; concern is expressed at a failure to to declare the payments to the Inland Revenue; he is found to have lied to Michael Heseltine in a desperate battle to keep his ministerial job. . . In another damning conclusion, Mr Hamilton was said to have "persistently and deliberately" failed to declare his interests in the House of Fraser and Skoal Bandits, a chewing tobacco company, and was "positively misleading" about the status of his representations.

  • 07/03/97 CANADA: BC: Tobacco Maker Squares Off Against Province Reuters
      "Lawsuits commenced against (Rothman's) will be vigorously defended," Rothman's Benson and Hedges Chief Executive Joe Heffernan wrote in a letter to British Columbia Health Minister Joy MacPhail. He added in the letter released on Thursday that Rothman's hoped to open discussions with the Canadian province on "tobacco issues."

  • 07/04/97 CHINA's Cigarette Makers Fear Competition Financial Post
      In the small town of Yuxi in southwestern China, Zi Guorui, president of Yuxi Hongta Tobacco, has been watching warily as the U.S. tobacco industry settled with the anti-smoking lobby. "U.S. companies have started to target developing countries," he says. "China still does not approve the import of foreign cigarettes, but one million cases are smuggled in anyway each year. They are already a potential competitive threat ... This {settlement} will increase U.S. pressure. It will have a long-term effect on us, too." . . . For the time being, China is formally closed to foreign tobacco companies, but growing pressure from the U.S. and China's likely accession to the World Trade Organization could open the market, making it "hard for the Chinese tobacco industry to make a living," he says.

  • 07/04/97 Tobacco Farmers are Likely to Get Aid from Legislature AP/Lexington Herald Leader
      Kentucky and North Carolina farm leaders are working on a package of relief proposals. Also, a key tobacco industry negotiator appears supportive of the farmers, and health advocates say they want to protect the growers from sudden economic upheaval. "I feel very strongly that farmers should not be left out of the deal," David Kessler, former commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said recently. "I think that's a very high priority." These groups don't necessarily agree, however, on the form aid for farmers should take. The options include compensation for lost income, limits on the amount of foreign-grown tobacco in American cigarettes and a buyout program to encourage farmers to stop growing tobacco.

  • 07/04/97 VIRGINIA: Drug Makers Spend Big in Richmond; PHILIP MORRIS' Lobbyies General Assembly Financial disclosure forms released. Washington Post
      Although the General Assembly met for only six weeks during its biennial short session and passed little major legislation, special interests and their 1,500 lobbyists nearly matched the $7.8 million record set in 1996, when the session lasted 60 days. . . Lobbyists for Philip Morris Cos. hosted 124 legislators, spouses and aides in eight dinners between Jan. 4 and Feb. 11, at a cost of $15,000. They shipped a case of golf balls to one lawmaker nearly every month, and gave away tickets to auto races and monster truck shows, flashlights and playing cards, and Christmas baskets to 75 members. The tobacco company fought off new taxes and sales restrictions that were proposed for cigarettes.

  • 07/04/97 KENTUCKY AGRICULTURE: 71% of Tobacco Crops Struggling Because of Rains--Kentucky Agricultural Statistics Service Lexington Herald Leader

  • 07/04/97 CALIFORNIA: Assembly Allows Tobacco Suit Bill UPI
  • 07/04/97 CALIFORNIA: Bill Allows Individual Tobacco Suits; Assembly Measure Now Goes to Senate SF Chronicle
      The Assembly reversed itself yesterday and voted to approve a bill to let individual Californians sue tobacco companies over smoking-related health problems. The bill by Senator Quentin Kopp, independent-San Francisco, fell five votes short of the 41 votes needed for passage in the 80-member house last week, but with Kopp standing at the front of the ornate Assembly chamber eyeing lawmakers throughout the debate yesterday, the measure passed 42 to 19.

  • 07/04/97 The Pipes Are Calling Sydney Morning Herald
      Another perspective comes from Australia's anti-smoking gun, Associate Professor Simon Chapman, who says: "It's probably like jumping out of the first storey rather than the 10th".
    • 07/03/97 HEALTH: Smoker Study Sees Benefit in Switch to Cigars Your Health Daily
        In the 14-year study, 522 men ages 35 to 64 who switched from cigarettes to pipes or cigars more than 20 years before they enrolled in the study were half as likely to have died from lung cancer, heart disease or chronic lung disease than 4,182 men who were regular cigarette smokers. However, those who switched were still at higher risk of dying from heart disease or lung cancer than the 1,309 men who only smoked pipes or cigars but never cigarettes, the researchers led by Professor Nicholas J. Wald of the St. Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry in London, reported in a recent issue of the British Medical Journal.
    • 07/03/97 HEALTH: Should Smokers Switch to Pipes and Cigars? Times of London
        Professor Wald's research has now been published in the BMJ. His studies confirm the widely held belief that smoking pipes and cigars carries fewer health risks than does smoking cigarettes. His work also shows that the best option for a cigarette smoker is to give up tobacco entirely, although switching to a pipe or cigars does improve their chances of longevity. The risk of death is 70 per cent higher in those who switch from cigarettes to pipes and cigars than in those who gave up smoking altogether, but it was 50 per cent better than in the men who continued to smoke cigarettes and didn't opt for a safer substitute. A higher incidence of cancer of the lung, other respiratory diseases and coronary heart disease accounted for the continuing danger to pipe and cigar smokers who had switched, but of these three conditions, cancer of the lung was the most significant. The level of continuing risk to smokers is related to the amount they inhale and to the amount of tobacco smoked. In general, once somone has switched to a cigar or a pipe they consume less tobacco. But it seems that if smoking has been learnt using cigarettes, the smoker continues to inhale dangerously even after they have switched. The American acceptance of cigar smoking as a safer alternative to cigarettes therefore has some, but not complete, justification.

  • 07/04/97 CESSATION: LecTec Secures Additional Patent Positions on Products for Smoking Cessation and Human Body Weight Management Cotinine to reduce craving, weight gain? Business Wire
      LecTec Corp. . . today announced that it has been awarded a U.S. patent for a therapeutic method to control long-term human body weight. The patented method utilizes a known substance, cotinine, which is a non-addictive primary metabolite of nicotine. LecTec Corp. owns the world wide rights for the use of cotinine, a non-nicotine compound, as an agent to assist in the cessation of tobacco smoking. Rodney A. Young, LecTec's chairman, CEO and president, said, "There is preliminary evidence to suggest that a non-nicotine, cotinine-based pill may reduce the craving for cigarettes. Cotinine may also be an effective tool for the long-term management of weight." LecTec's U.S. and international patents cover a wide range of delivery systems for cotinine, including transdermal patches, chewing gum and sprays.

  • 07/03/97 BUSINESS: Market Reacquiring Taste for Tobacco Bonds Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Risks will remain, but "investors have a higher level of comfort with tobacco given the terms of the settlement,' said Michael Gray, buyside analyst, MFS Institutional Advisers. Liability related to the industry's controversial products is "much more quantifiable now," he said.

  • 07/04/97 HISTORY: Slavery's Roots in Tobacco Derrick Z. Jackson, Boston Globe
      "Tobacco saved the Virginia colony from rapid demise. Even if the colonists could have survived without tobacco, the company had no interest in a colony that merely survived, and had planned to abandon Virginia as a hopeless failure. Tobacco alone offered the spectacular profits that revitalized interest in the colonial endeavor. As Big Tobacco negotiates with the states, and as America debates an apology for slavery, it is fitting to remember that tobacco was a miserable backbone of the colony of Virginia. It could be argued that the first apology for slavery should come from Philip Morris.

  • 07/03/97 BASEBALL: Chew Banned at All-Star Game AP Washington Post
      Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J., had pressured the union to accept the ban. While owners have banned chewing tobacco from minor-league games, the union has resisted a ban in the majors, saying it was a matter of player choice. "Under the special circumstances of the All-Star game, I am satisfied it is appropriate," union head Donald Fehr said in a memo to players. "The All-Star game is not a championship game, and a player typically plays for only a limited number of innings. With that in mind ... we ask that all players, managers and coaches refrain from using spit tobacco while on the field or in the dugout, during the course of interviews, or otherwise where that use could be seen by kids who will be watching the game."

  • 07/04/97 MUSIC: K.D. LANG Turns to Cigarettes for Inspiration, Not Refreshment AP/JamMusic
      k.d. lang doesn't smoke. She never liked the taste of cigarettes and besides, if you've got a voice that soars to the heavens, why risk ruining it with a smoker's rasp? Yet at a time when cigarettes are under political siege, lang turned to them for inspiration.

  • 07/04/97 OPINION: Joe Camel: Brought to You by the FTC; Do Washington Regulators Cause Cancer? July 21, 1997 Fortune
      Until the 1950s, cigarette companies advertised some of the dangerous health consequences of smoking, and it was the government--specifically, the Federal Trade Commission--that stopped them. This all-but-forgotten story is a fascinating account of how the market was ahead of the government in publicizing the dangers of smoking, and of the damage done by government regulation. Because regulation has prevented the cigarette companies from discussing health, they have settled for emphasizing glam

  • 07/04/97 OPINION: Even the "Wrong" Billboards Deserve Protection R. Bruce Dold, Chicago Tribune
      The Supreme Court has treated commercial speech differently from other speech. To my mind, it's an odd distinction. You have freedom of speech until you use it to try to make a buck. But that's the way it is. The Supreme Court has permitted government to regulate advertising if there is a "substantial" government interest in doing so and the regulation is tightly focused. . . So Father Pfleger and his allies are likely to keep pushing for a Chicago ban. They have a just desire, to keep children from taking up tobacco and alcohol. But there are so many effective ways to do that other than to censor messages. It might turn out that they have the votes in the City Council to silence the alcohol and tobacco industries. I hope they'll stop for a minute to consider the wisdom of that. What if the alcohol and tobacco industries had the votes in the City Council to silence them?

  • 07/03/97 OPINION: Regulate Smoking? Just the Question Ignites a Strong Reader Debate Tom Long, Chat Room. Detroit News

  • 07/03/97 Tobacco Industry is Being Sued by Unions for Health Costs The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      There are now 15 such suits, all styled after the so-called Medicaid recoupment suits in which 40 states and the territory of Puerto Rico are seeking to recover billions of dollars in public health-care costs linked to smoking. The latest lawsuit was filed Tuesday in federal court in Hartford, Conn., by a health-and-benefit fund for the Connecticut Pipe Trades and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local 19.
  • 07/03/97 "Safe Cigarette:" False Starts and Failures Thwart Quest The New York Times (Free Registration)
      When Philip Morris Cos. marketed a cigarette called Next in 1989, it never mentioned what a former company scientist says was an apparent advantage to the product: it had fewer cancer-causing compounds than a typical cigarette. The company's marketing of Next may well reflect the industry's historic ambivalence about developing a less-dangerous cigarette.

  • 07/03/97 Making Safe Cigarette Poses Problems Alternatives May Cause Different Set Of Maladies. Contra Costa Times. Here's the article at the 07/06/97 St. Paul Pioneer Press

  • 07/03/97 RNC Papers Detail Close Ties With Big Donors, Policy Forum Washington Post
      The Republican National Committee yesterday made public hundreds of pages of documents that show a close connection among the RNC, some of its biggest donors and a public policy group that has been under fire from Democrats for being an unregulated GOP political arm. The National Policy Forum, which was set up and chaired by then-RNC Chairman Haley Barbour, is described in one document as an "issues development subsidiary" of the RNC in which "Team 100 members will be actively involved." Team 100 is for Republicans who contribute at least $100,000 to the party every four years. The documents made public yesterday were among 80,000 pages provided this week to congressional committees investigating fund-raising practices in both parties. . . [NPF president John] Bolton also suggested that Barbour ask Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co. for $50,000. Whether the tobacco firm came through with that amount is not known. But last April, after he had left the RNC, Barbour signed up the company as a lobbying client.

  • 07/03/97 PROFILE: Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL): One Foot in House, Freshman Senator Makes Mark in New Role AP/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      Only a couple of hours later, Durbin was grilling participants in recent tobacco talks as a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee holding Congress' first hearing on their historic proposed settlement. Before a standing-room-only audience and a long row of television cameras, the 52-year-old freshman senator pressed the witnesses on why they didn't fight for harsher penalties on tobacco companies if they fail to reduce underage smoking.

  • 07/03/97 CLINTON to Call for Long-Term Cig Tax Increase USA Today
      The Clinton administration plans, possibly Thursday, to formally endorse raising the federal cigarette tax by 20 cents to help expand health insurance coverage to children without it. And in an unexpected move, the administration will press Congress to impose the tax for the foreseeable future. Under a Senate bill passed last week, the tax, which would rise to 44 cents a pack from 24 cents, would cease after 2002.
  • 07/03/97 MARYLAND, VIRGINIA: For the Record; How They Voted on Cig Tax Increase Washington Post
      For-30/Against-70 The Senate rejected a bid to levy an additional 23 cents-per-pack tax on cigarettes. This would have been on top of a 20 cents increase already in the bill. A yes vote favored the increase. MARYLAND Mikulski (D) YES Sarbanes (D) YES VIRGINIA Robb (D) NO Warner (R) NO
  • 07/03/97 EDITORIAL: So-Called Tax Cut is a Scam Perpetrated by Both Parties NY Post
      As everyone knows, the Kennedy fortune was founded on booze, which does as much damage -- if not more -- to the nation's health as does tobacco. Why not fund the tax cut with an extra 43-cent tax on every bottle of wine and spirits? Kennedy would never support that, because he is a nonsmoking drinker. The hypocrisy of it is amazing. Who smokes the most in America? Millionaires? CEOs? Doctors? Lawyers? No, most tobacco users are workers and low-income earners. So, Ted Kennedy, the great millionaire champion of the poor and the needy, wants to bloodsuck them through their smoking habit to pay for a fake tax cut. What a prize.

  • 07/03/97 NORTH CAROLINA House Votes to Decriminalize Tobacco Sales to Minors Raleigh News & Observer
      While the nation is moving to curb the sale of cigarettes to teenagers, the Republican-led House voted Wednesday to de-criminalize the selling of cigarettes to underage smokers. Store clerks who sell cigarettes to minors would face a fine rather than a criminal charge in the nation's leading tobacco state, under a revised bill approved 93-18 by the House . The Democratic-controlled Senate, which approved a bill with tougher penalties in March, is expected to reject the House changes and send the measure to a negotiating committee to settle differences.
  • 07/03/97 House Bill Would Let Clerks off with a Fine; Penalty for selling cigarettes to minors wouldn't be a crime Winston-Salem Journal
      In the country's largest tobacco-growing state, it has been illegal to sell tobacco products to a minor since 1891. The bill approved by the House would end criminal penalties in North Carolina and make clerks subject to fines instead. Approved in a 93-18 vote, the bill would make it easier to enforce the law. Still, removing the criminal penalties from the law didn't sit well with some House members. "Why in the world would we want to do that?" asked Rep. Joe Hackney, D-Orange. . . But Rep. Gene Arnold, R-Nash, said that clerks shouldn't be charged with a misdemeanor for selling cigarettes. Following the vote, he said that the action was designed to force negotiations with the Democratic-led state Senate on a bill that stiffens penalties for selling tobacco to minors. Both the House and the Senate version do away with a provision in the current law that made the tobacco-sales prohibition unenforceable. The loophole requires prosecutors to prove that a clerk knew a buyer was under 18 and sold them tobacco anyway.

  • 07/03/97 FLORIDA Tobacco Lobbyist Hints He'll Steer Business to Pols, Wives `Directory' Offers To List Jobs Of Lawmakers, Spouses. Miami Herald
      Jack Cory, a Tallahassee-based lobbyist, asked legislators last week to fill out a form listing their occupation, their company and company address and provide the same information for their spouses. "From time to time, our clients ask for referrals of business people and/or professionals in your area," Cory wrote in a fax he sent to all legislators. Cory told them he would compile a directory for his clients that would list the professions of the legislators and their spouses. Sally Spener, executive director of Florida Common Cause, called Cory's request "troubling" and an "invitation to scandal and conflicts of interest."

  • 07/03/97 MISSISSIPPI Gives Tobacco Industry Deadline--2PM Today (CST) Reuters
      A spokesman for Mississipppi Attorney General Mike Moore said Wednesday that if a settlement is not reached by 2 p.m. CST (1900 GMT) Thursday, the state will proceed with the first of the state Medicaid cases July 9 in Pascagoula, Miss. Moore plans to hold a news conference in Jackson, Miss., shortly after the deadline passes to announce whether a settlement has been reached.
  • 07/01/97 MISSISSIPPI, Tobacco Industry Negotiate Ahead of Trial Reuters
      Tobacco industry lawyers and the Mississippi attorney general's office were fervently negotiating on Tuesday to try to head off the first state Medicaid trial, scheduled to begin next week. . . Sources close to the talks said the industry was balking over money and regulatory issues. Florida Attorney General Robert Butterworth, whose trial against the industry is scheduled to begin Aug. 4, also had talks with cigarette makers Friday. But he left because the offer was insufficient.

  • 07/03/97 ARKANSAS: LITTLE ROCK Board of Directors Restricts Tobacco Ads States, USA Today
      Tobacco ads would be banned in any family amusement center or video arcade under an ordinance OK'd by the city Board of Directors. It also bars vending machine tobacco sales and billboard advertising near schools.

  • 07/03/97 KENTUCKY: Arson Suspected in MAYSVILLE Tobacco Warehouse, Other Fires AP/Lexington Herald Leader
      "We searched for accidental causes and found none," Johnson said. "Since we can't find evidence of an accidental fire, that would make the possibility of a set fire much more likely." . . The Growers and Liberty warehouses -- occupying a city block in downtown Maysville -- were operated by partners Gary Himes of Aberdeen, Ohio, and David Hughes of Mason County under the name Loose Leaf Liberty Warehouse. The two facilities, about 200,000 square feet, served as the business's main office and contained equipment, computers and records. Because tobacco is not harvested until fall, there was very little tobacco in the buildings. On Sunday, Himes estimated the buildings' replacement cost at between $2 million and $3 million. The warehouses were insured for $300,000.

  • 07/04/97 TEXAS: Smoking Lounge Plan For D/FW Again Under Fire Dallas Morning News

  • 07/04/97 ARIZONA: State Won't Seek Its Own Settlement Arizona Daily Star
      Attorney General Grant Woods does not intend to pursue a separate settlement with the tobacco industry despite a $3 billion pact signed yesterday by Mississippi. Woods said he first wants to see whether Congress will approve the $368 billion deal he and other attorneys general reached with the tobacco industry last month in Washington. Woods said that package is far preferable to state-by-state deals because it also includes significant non-monetary concessions, ranging from federal regulation of nicotine levels in cigarettes to new labeling requirements and a ban on billboards. He also said he may ask Gov. Fife Symington to reconsider his decision last year to block him from suing on behalf of the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System for the additional costs of treating tobacco-related ailments of the poor.

  • 07/03/97 HAWAII: Cig Tax Increase: Up in Smoke? Honolulu Star-Bulletin
      During this year's legislative session, there was never any doubt that there would be an increase in the state's 60-cent tax on a 20-count pack of cigarettes. The only question was: How much? . . . When House-Senate negotiations ended, a bill had been crafted that called for a steep two-step increase -- to 80 cents on Sept. 1, and then to $1 on July 1, 1998. The bill, which Gov. Ben Cayetano is scheduled to sign into law today, may curb the rise in smoking by adolescents as health advocates hope. But the measure's ability to generate more tax dollars -- roughly $3 million to $5 million annually -- for an increasingly tight state budget may be as short-lived as a puff of smoke, say a leading tax expert and the House tax subcommittee chairman. That's because a companion bill for identifying, or "stamping," cheaper, tax-exempt cigarettes sold at military bases to prevent black marketeering was killed at the 11th hour by legislative leaders, although conferees wanted the measure approved. "Without stamping, that took the wind out of the tax increase," says Rep. Nathan Suzuki (D, Moanalua Valley), chairman of the House tax subcommittee, who blames tobacco lobbyists he declined to identify for the bill's death. G.A. "Red" Morris, a lobbyist for Philip Morris Inc., declined to comment. John Radcliffe, a lobbyist for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., could not be reached.

  • 07/03/97 Airline Crew Attacked Man in Restroom, Suit Says The New York Times (Free Registration)
  • 07/02/97 TRAVEL: US Businessman Sues AIR FRANCE over Smoking Charge Reuters
      Computer company owner Raviv Laor alleged in his $12 million lawsuit filed in Manhattan Supreme Court that he was abused and insulted by the crew and humiliated in front of other passengers on the flight from Paris to New York on May 19. Laor . . said he was sitting in a locked bathroom on the non-smoking flight "with his pants and underpants down and in the process of going to the bathroom" when crew members smashed open the door and accused him of smoking after the smoke detector alarm went off. "It turned out later the alarm was defective," Laor's attorney Michael Wolin said. Laor, who says he is a non-smoker, charged that he was "viciously assaulted and physically attacked by several crew members who pulled him naked outside the bathroom exposing his genitals and other private body parts to seated passengers."

  • 07/04/97 Auto Makers Give Smokers the Brush-Off; Fewer Cars Equipped with Lighters, Ashtrays Ottawa Citizen
  • 07/03/97 Fewer Cars Are Being Built with Cigarette Lighters Anymore Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      Smokers' rights activist Fred Collier recently test-drove a Mercury but left in a huff after discovering it came without ashtrays or a lighter. "They suggested I buy one of those beanbag ashtrays and put it on the floor," said Collier, chairman of the Bellevue, Colo.-based American Smokers Alliance's membership committee. "I refuse to pay to be discriminated against." Smokers are not used to receiving the brush-off from carmakers. J.P. Morgan's 1926 Rolls-Royce Phantom featured an ashtray grate and holder. Leather and chrome ashtrays bracketed the dashboard of the 1934 DeSoto Airflow. Built-in lighters also appeared in the '30s.

  • 07/03/97 UK: Bootleggers Will Be Big Winners in Smoking Wars Times of London
      Most smokers are likely to stockpile boxes of kingsize before Christmas to avoid the 19p a packet tax rise. . . "The only people on cross-Channel ferries will soon be smokers." A packet of twenty that will now cost £3.40 here can be bought in France for £2.12 and in Spain for under £2. "Shops will have to let go staff right away and many will close," Mr Mason said. There will be rises of 8p on a pack of five small cigars and 10p on a 25g pack of pipe tobacco. There will be no increase for hand-rolling tobacco. The precise figures are: Cigars up from £98.02 per kg to £105.86, an 8 per cent rise; other smoking tobacco, including pipe and chewing tobacco, up from £43.10 per kg to £46.55, also a rise of 8 per cent.
  • 07/02/97 UK Adds to Tobacco Duty Reuters
      UK Chancellor Gordon Brown said on Wednesday that it would raise tobacco duties from December 1 by a further two percentage points above the annual three percent real rate of increase established by the previous government. Brown told Parliament this would mean that the price of a packet of 20 cigarettes would rise by 19 pence on November 1 compared with 14 pence under existing proposals. Here's a fuller AP article on the budget as a whole.
  • 07/02/97 UK Tobacco Industry Raps Budget Duty Increase Reuters
      Clive Inston, head of corporate affairs at Imperial, said: "We are not surprised but disappointed. Our major concern is that this is just going to fund the bootlegging trade." He calculated that the increase would mean a pack of 20 premium brand cigarettes in Britain would now cost 3.31 pence against the equivalent 1.90 pence in France.

  • 07/03/97 CZECH PHILIP MORRIS Unit TABAK a.s. to Raise Cig Prices Up to a crown a pack, as of July 7. Reuters
      "The main reason for this increase is the growth in production prices, mainly for tobacco which is purchased in U.S. dollars," a Tabak statement said.

  • 07/03/97 NORTH CAROLINA Tobacco Growers Fuming over Proposed 20¢/Pack Tax Hike Fayetteville Observer-Times
      "The federal government has unmercifully singled them out and declared war on them," said Robert Gibbs, spokesman for Rep. Bob Etheridge, a Democrat in the 2nd District.

  • 07/03/97 Nicotine Patch Safe, Even Beneficial in Coronary Disease Patients Reuters Medical News
      The nicotine patch can be safely used to promote smoking cessation in patients with coronary artery disease. In fact, the patch may reduce the extent of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, according to a report in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
  • 06/30/97 HEALTH: Nicotine Patch Good for Heart (or at Least Better than Getting Nicotine from Smoking) Reuters Health eLine
      "Nicotine does not appear to pose significant safety concerns for patients who are attempting to quit smoking," wrote lead study author Dr. John J. Mahmarian, of the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. "This study further suggests that carbon monoxide and possibly other components of cigarette smoke, rather than nicotine, may actually be more critical for the development of myocardial ischemia." The new study was funded with a grant from Hoechst Marion Roussel, Inc., the Kansas City, Missouri-based manufacturer of Nicoderm, a nicotine patch. . . SOURCE: Journal of the American College of Cardiology (1997;30:125-132)

  • 06/30/97 America's Guilty Smokers a Popular Target Financial Times

  • 07/02/97 OHIO: Prison Smoking Ban Goes Down in Flames Columbus Dispatch
      A smoking ban proposed by Johnson had been defeated in the Judiciary Committee. Johnson tried to amend the bill on the floor to give the department 18 months to come up with a no-smoking policy, along with classes on how to quit. . . Sen. Robert R. Cupp, R-Lima, said Vermont and Georgia rescinded smoking bans in prisons after finding "it was an absolute nightmare" to enforce.

  • 07/03/97 UK: Cigarette Price Hike a "Bootlegger's Windfall" Financial Times

  • 07/07/97 Tobacco Control Advocate DURBIN (D-IL) on Campaign Fund Raising Panel Campaign Fund Raising Profiles--Thumbnail sketches of Senate Governmental Affairs Committee members who will begin hearings into campaign finance wrongdoing Tuesday. AP Washington Post
      Richard Durbin of Illinois: A freshman who served in the House for 14 years, the issue closest to his heart is the battle against the tobacco industry, a fight prompted by the death of his two-pack-a-day father of lung cancer.

  • 07/07/97 Smoke-Filled Rooms are Gone (Almost) from Washington Newhouse News/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      Yet, as Congress prepares to consider a settlement with the tobacco industry that is worth close to $400 billion, some of its members are continuing a tobacco tradition that dates back to the founding of the Republic. It's just that late 20th century tobacco use on Capitol Hill has gone underground, adjourned to private offices and clubs out of the public eye and away from the media spotlight.

  • 07/07/97 UK: Court Keeps Tobacco Suit Alive, but Its Future is Still Unclear The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      The court, however, stopped short of assigning a judge to the case full-time and setting a timetable for the trial to begin, ruling that such a move would be premature. Analysts described the decision as a procedural move that simply keeps the case alive. "You can't draw any conclusions -- it could go either way from here,"

  • 07/07/97 SAUDI ARABIA Imposes 100% Tobacco Tax Ahead of Schedule--Report AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      In an attempt to curb smoking, Saudi Arabia doubled its tariff on tobacco products to 100% from 50% on July 1, three years ahead of the 2000 deadline set out in an accord with Arab Gulf countries, the English-language Gulf News reported Monday.'

  • 07/07/97 HONG KONG: Tobacco Firms "Beat Ad Bans at Sports Events" South China Morning Post
      Legislation banning tobacco advertising contains a loophole which will allow cigarette companies to continue promotions at sports events, anti-smoking lobbyists have warned. Dr Judith Mackay, director of the Asian Consultancy on Tobacco Control, said cigarette brands could still be promoted using trademark products such as Salem Attitudes or Marlboro Classics under the legislation. . . Lincoln Venancio, group managing director of Spectrum which organises the Salem Hong Kong Open Tennis Tournament, said it was too early to say what the impact would be on the annual April tournament. He said: "It is clear Legislative Council did make a decision to protect sponsorship . . . we think it is positive." The Smoking (Public Health) Amendment (No 2) Bill 1997, which will ban display and print tobacco advertisements from 1999, was passed by the Legislative Council on June 24.

  • 07/07/97 UTAH to Get Disclosure Bill? States, USA Today
      Rep. Jordan Tanner, R-Provo, who was behind raising the cigarette tax by 25 cents to 51.5 cents a pack, will sponsor a bill in '98 to make tobacco companies list all chemicals in cigarettes.

  • 07/08/97 CALIFORNIA Senate OKs Bill to Allow Smokers Lawsuits Reuters
  • 07/07/97 CALIFORNIA: Legislature OKs Tobacco Suit Bill Senate passes bill allowing individual lawsuits 29-10; it now goes to Gov. Wilson. UPI

  • 07/07/97 WASHINGTON: Landmark Agreement Removes Tobacco Advertising From Billboards in King County PR newswire
      "Good-bye, Marlboro Man, and take Joe Camel with you," said Metropolitan King County Council member Greg Nickels, chair of the King County Board of Health. "As a result of this agreement, King County will become the first county in Washington state, and possibly the first in the nation, to become entirely free of tobacco advertising on billboards. . . Said AK Media/NW president, Randy Swain: "AK Media/NW has always been concerned about underage smoking and has been planning for this day for some time. We've diversified our business, developed new advertising technologies and crafted new marketing initiatives that have enabled us to spearhead this public-private partnership. We're appreciative of the support and partnership of Greg Nickels in our effort to effectively respond to both our community and our business responsibilities."

  • 07/07/97 BUSINESS: UNIVERSAL, DIMON: Two on Top of the World The Largest Independent Tobacco Merchants Are Based in Va. but Their Growth Is Abroad. Washington Post
      The two companies (and their only other major competitor, Standard Universal Corp. of North Carolina) are the middlemen in the world tobacco industry. They don't make cigarettes or other consumer tobacco products. Instead, they buy, ship, process, pack, store and finance leaf tobacco for sale to cigarette manufacturers. Together the two had $5.7 billion in revenue in 1996 from operations in locations that included the United States, Brazil, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Italy, Bulgaria and China.

  • 07/07/97 BUSINESS: IPO for Convenience Store Cigar-Supplier PCI Arizona Republic/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      Premium Cigars International Ltd., whose chairman is a former Dial Corp executive and whose spokesman is Indy 500 winner Arie Luyendak, has filed documents to sell 2 million shares of stock at $5.01. That represents about 57 percent of the company. PCI, formed late last year to buy a six-month old Canadian cigar distributor, wants to use the proceeds from the initial public offering to purchase humidors, cigars and accessories, repay debt and for general business expenses. The company distributes name brand and private label cigars to convenience stores such as 7-Eleven and Circle K. They sell for between $1 and $8, what PCI calls the low- to medium-priced premium cigars.

  • 07/07/97 BUSINESS: Manalapan Co. Successfully Markets Its Cigars around the Country Asbury Park (NJ) Press
      Michael Weiner sells smoke. And an image. Weiner, co-founder and vice-president of Marcos Miguel Tobacco Corp. based in Manalapan Township and Dallas, handles sales for his 3-year-old cigar company. And he relies on the images often tied to a good cigar -- affluence, worldliness and cool -- to sell the company's line cigars.

  • 07/07/97 Lament of a Teen Smoker It's Tales like Tim's that Tobacco Industry Settlement Aims to Change. In-depth look at forces leading kids to smoke. NY Newsday
      The crafters of the tobacco compromise are wading into murky waters where image, peer pressure and pop culture are the lures, and hard-core addiction is the hook. Even experts who've studied the problem of teen smoking aren't sure what effect the plan they support will have. . . Young people also remember which celebrities smoke in which movies: Julia Roberts in the recently released "My Best Friend's Wedding," John Travolta in "Pulp Fiction," Bruce Willis in "Die Hard" and Winona Ryder in "Reality Bites." "A lot of the cops [in action movies] . . . smoke cigarettes," said Jason Moss, an 11-year-old sixth-grader in Commack. "It makes them relaxed so they can go back to the job." Although national studies say about a third of high school seniors had smoked in the last month, experts say they must battle an almost-universal myth among young people that nearly all of their peers smoke cigarettes.

  • 07/07/97 CESSATION: Physicians Not Meeting Practice Guidelines for Smoking Prevention Reuters Medical News
      Dr. Michael G. Goldstein and colleagues in Providence, Rhode Island, report in the June 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine that healthcare professionals "...are not meeting the standards of smoking intervention outlined by the National Cancer Institute and the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research." Dr. Goldstein, of Brown University School of Medicine, reports that 51% of the more than 3,000 adult smokers surveyed "...were talked to about their smoking; 45.5% were advised to quit; 14.9% were offered help; 3% had a follow-up appointment arranged; and 8.5% were prescribed medication." . . Dr. Goldstein makes the observation in this study that "...[h]ealthcare providers who intervene only with those patients who are ready to quit smoking are missing opportunities to provide effective smoking interventions to the majority of their patients."

  • 07/07/97 SPORTS: BASEBALL: Ban on Tobacco Has Garner Spitting Fire Fanfare, Washington Post
      The Milwaukee Brewers' manager . . . said it wasn't a matter of public health or of promoting a positive image but simply one of freedom of choice. "I'll probably catch some flak about this, but for me the question goes more and more toward individual liberties," Garner said as he puffed on a cigar.
  • 07/07/97 GARNER Dislikes Tobacco Ban AP/NandoNet

  • 07/07/97 MOTOR SPORTS: Tobacco Ban Driving F1 into a Corner The huge question mark that hangs over Heinz-Harald Frentzen's head says it all. The Formula One circus arrives in Britain next weekend without the remotest idea whether its main source of sponsorship could be cut off. Times of London
      Tobacco sponsors pay tens of millions of pounds into Formula One: Rothmans with Frentzen's Williams, West with McLaren, Marlboro with Ferrari, Benson & Hedges with Jordan. There is barely a car on the grid without some connection with a cigarette company. But the cars at Silverstone will bear no trace of their main sponsors because tobacco advertising is banned. One step more into a ban on sponsorship could mean F1 driving out of Europe ­ and to the Far East. When Colin Chapman's Team Lotus became the first Formula One team to accept tobacco sponsorship ­ 29 years ago ­ motorsport and grand prix racing in particular changed dramatically.

  • 07/07/97 MOTOR SPORTS Prepare to Wean Themselves from Tobacco Oregonian/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      "If there has to be a transition, this is a great time to do it," said Dale La Follette, who manages Portland International Raceway. "The sport is extremely healthy now. If this had happened in the early '70s or mid-'80s, we'd be hanging up the For Sale sign."

  • 07/07/97 ART: London "New Designers" Show Features Smokers' Street Oases London Independent
      PHOEBE HEMBOLD, RCA Phoebe Hembold isn't a smoker herself, but doesn't want to discourage others from the habit. Asking for a light, she reckons, is often just a painless way of sparking conversation. As more offices become smoke- free zones, with workers huddling under can-opies during cigarette breaks, al fresco smoking areas may even become a reality. With this in mind, Helmbold has designed an item of street furniture which functions as a gathering place to chat (while participating in the shared activity of smoking), and incorporates an eye-catching, weather-proof cigarette lighter (right). The palm-sized lighter is warm to the touch, "like a mug of tea", but completely enclosed and safe. And its futuristic Starship Enterprise styling could certainly get people talking.

  • 07/07/97 CBS Bids Final Farewell to Beloved Newsman CHARLES KURALT Was Kuralt's death tobacco-related? NY Daily News
      I was sad when Kuralt decided to retire from television, but you could hardly begrudge the guy his freedom. And Kuralt, admittedly overweight and still a committed smoker at the time, dismissed any speculation about his health. A year and a half later, he underwent quadruple heart-bypass surgery. I don't know if Kuralt stopped smoking or lost weight after that. And there have been seemingly contradictory reports about the cause of his death, one citing complications from lupus, another specifying heart failure unrelated to lupus.

  • 07/07/97 NORTH CAROLINA: EDITORIAL: Retreat on Cigarette Sales Raleigh News & Observer
      The best way for legislators to put cigarette sellers on notice that the public will no longer tolerate them making money peddling tobacco to kids is to include tough penalties. Also, paltry punishments seem to make enforcement of such laws hardly worth the trouble of police, prosecutors and courts.

  • 07/07/97 EDITORIAL: Up on Smokes Washington Post
      A cigarette tax increase is a good idea. If anything they ought to double this one and use all the proceeds for children's health. Republicans are always saying, with regard to investment, that you shouldn't tax behavior you want to encourage, only behavior you want to discourage. Why, except for some campaign contributions, is that not as true of smoking as of savings and investment?

  • 07/06/97 Fate of State Tobacco Suits Unresolved in Wake of MISSISSIPPI Settlement Reuters

  • 07/05/97 BUSINESS: Cigarette Cos May Seek Out New Customers by Direct Bloomberg/Tampa Tribune
      The tobacco industry has built up a direct marketer's dream: Lists of smokers culled from contest entry forms, frequent buyer programs, car racing events, clothing promotions and petitions. That information can be used in a focused campaign of special brochures, analysts said. "They won't be starting from scratch. They have the databases," said Kirk Davidson, marketing professor at Mount St. Mary's College in Emmitsburg, Md. Davidson and other marketing analysts suggest a variety of other possibilities: Trucks with cigarette packs painted on their sides, or promotions in special cigarette stores or other places like bars that don't allow minors. Here's the story at the Baltimore Sun

  • 07/06/97 Airlines Also Deal with Smokers Who Reject the Smoking Section Arizona Daily Star
      But changing policies at a number of airlines suggest that a third camp exists: people who smoke but do not necessarily want to smoke or sit among smokers during long flights. Consider, for example, the apparent success of Air France's decision to install "smokers' bars" in many of its aircraft flying between the United States and Paris. . . Lufthansa, which went smoke-free in flights across the Atlantic last year, said that its surveys had found a number of people who described themselves as smokers but generally chose non-smoking flights. . . Japan Air Lines has said that many passengers who smoke prefer to sit in non-smoking sections. So it has installed "smokers' nooks" at the rear of many of its planes: two rear-facing seats near the restrooms, where a modified air-circulation system helps remove smoke.

  • 07/04/97 SPORTS: RODEO Remains Hazy about Whether it Will Lose Tobacco Money Orlando Sentinel
      "Copenhagen Skoal is one of our longest and most faithful sponsors," [Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association director of communications Steve] Fleming said. "They've been extremely generous. But, in addition to tobacco we've got eight other major sponsors and a half-dozen smaller ones."

  • 07/06/97 MASSACHUSETTS: On Vice, Birmingham Turns Bard Short item in Boston Globe
      As he resisted attempts to declare the State House smoke free, Senate President Thomas F. Birmingham, the Harvard-educated Rhodes Scholar, would quote Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night. " "Dost thou think, because thou are virtuous, there shall there be no more cakes and ale?" he would say, taunting certain zealous antismoking reporters. But now that he himself has gazed upon the grim and warlike visage of state Representative John Businger (D-Brookline), prime battler for a smoke-free State House, the chain-smoking Birmingham might want to patch his grief with other proverbs. To wit: "I would give all my fame for a pot of ale, and safety." But blame not Businger, for he knows that "a little fire is quickly trodden out, which, being suffer'd, rivers cannot quench."

  • 07/06/97 RHODE ISLAND: Company Fights Worker's Disability Claim; Smoking Complicates MICROFIBRES Case Boston Globe
      "My understanding is that during his break, he's out in the parking lot smoking cigarettes," [David] Monti said of [Lee]Jamieson. " Microfibres has done everything it can to ensure the health of its employees. . ." So far at least nine current and former Microfibres workers in Pawtucket have suffered serious symptoms of a lung disease that Kern believes is newly recognized among textile workers. An additional five workers have suffered the potentially fatal disease, called interstitial pneumonitis, at a Microfibres plant in Ontario.

  • 07/05/97 Battle Lines over Big Tobacco May Influence VIRGINIA Governor's Race Houston Chronicle (free registration)
      So political pundits were astounded when Lt. Gov. Donald Beyer, a Democrat and declared candidate for governor, came out in support of government regulation of tobacco. . . The economy in Virginia is now so diversified that only the military and government sectors are considered essential, according to Sabato. But tobacco is the state's largest cash crop, and even the design of the state capitol reflects a certain reverence: The lining of the capitol dome is painted with tobacco leaves. "I can guarantee you that all the other politicians will be looking to see what the balance is," Sabato said. "If (Beyer) wins, others will be emboldened to challenge, too." Beyer's opponent, Republican Attorney General James Gilmore, is a strong supporter of tobacco and opposed to FDA regulation. But even Beyer, who has taken campaign money from tobacco interests, should not be confused with an anti-tobacco activist.

  • 07/05/97 KENTUCKY Tobacco Farmers Feel Plowed Over Houston Chronicle (free registration)

  • 07/05/97 TENNESSEE Tobacco-Patch Farmers Fish for Alternative Income Sources High School Programs Pin Hopes On Tilapia, Hydroponic Gardening. Houston Chronicle (free registration)
      Burniston's latest theory is a work in progress, but he and fellow instructor Kenneth McQueen are convinced that raising and selling tilapia -- a tropical fish native to Africa and the Middle East -- could be just the economic ticket to help break their community's dependence on tobacco.

  • 07/06/97 FLORIDA: A Dirty, Divisive War--over Tobacco Orlando Sentinel
      [T]he lucrative job offer to McDonald became symbolic of the tactics behind the front lines of Florida's cigarette war, an epic struggle that next month moves to trial in West Palm Beach. It's a struggle that has blasted apart longheld political alliances, frayed friendships, led to threats and cajoling on both sides and even caused a rift between Chiles and national Democratic Party operatives fearful the governor's unyielding stance had angered one of President Clinton's biggest fund-raisers. The Orlando Sentinel interviewed many of the participants in the three-year fight and found an industry that stopped at little in its attempt to derail the state's lawsuit . . .

  • 07/06/97 NORTH CAROLINA ASSIST Program Confined by State's Nature Winston-Salem Journal
      Please don't call North Carolina's program to reduce smoking among its citizens an anti-smoking program. "It's not anti-smoking," insists the spokesman for the state health director in the nation's top tobacco-growing state. "It's completely oriented to being pro-health." . . The hallmark of the North Carolina program is how carefully designed it is to tread the line between anti-smoking and pro-health. "We want to work with smokers; we're not anti-smoker," said Sally Herndon Malek, Project ASSIST's manager. Project ASSIST doesn't persuade people to quitsmoking; it merely tries to help people who have already decided to quit. "This is not the easiest of states to advance tobacco-control efforts in," said Deborah C. Bryan, the lobbyist for the state branch of the American Lung Association and a Project ASSIST officer.

  • 07/06/97 PEOPLE: Wiretap Records VINCENT "THE CHIN" GIGANTE to Wife: "Stop Smoking" The New York Times (Free Registration)
      The lawyers for Gigante, 69, contend that he could not have been a Mafia boss because he has been mentally ill for years. The prosecutors say he has faked insanity to hide his role, and they have introduced evidence to show that he has acted normally, exhibiting the same concern and affection as any person would for those close to him. Hence the recordings from a mid-1980s wiretap on a phone at the Manhattan home of Olympia Esposito, his companion and the mother of three of his children. "I love you," he tells Ms. Esposito in one call to her. She coughs. "Stop smoking," he urges."Yeah."

  • 07/06/97 PEOPLE: MILTON BERLE: Waiting for FIDEL Comedian on Cuba trip to promote Milton cigar magazine. Toronto Sun
      Berle and his wife, Lorna, decided to make it a combined vacation/business trip. They saw it as an opportunity to get their new glossy magazine called Milton (it's geared to gambling and cigar-smoking afficionados) into the Cuban market. As well, Berle, considered a keen expert in the field, is looking to market a special Honduran cigar with the Hinds boys called a Milton.

  • 07/06/97 TRAIN TRAVEL: Butt of Course; In AMTRAK's Smoking Lounge, Fresh Air
      The relevant improvement we found on each of these western trains was Amtrak's recent addition of a small, enclosed, separately ventilated smoking lounge on the lower level of the train's first coach car. Here smokers -- who (as you feared) are clearly friendlier, more open and incisive, and just easier to be around than people with statistically longer life expectancies -- can gather 24 hours a day without breaking federal laws. What a rush. Did Amtrak divert millions of dollars from highway funds to build these rooms? Uh, no. The decor is, in terms of style, Early Interrogation Room -- fluorescent lights, linoleum floor, blank off-white walls -- accessorized nicely by a large, loud exhaust fan forever clearing the room of secondhand smoke, not to mention loose hairpieces and (were they allowed in here) small children.

  • 07/06/97 TRAVEL: ISTANBUL: Hookah Smoking Washington Post
      Initially, it felt like I was sucking on a fire hose, but I soon got the hang of it. It was nearing 11 p.m. when I ordered my pipe, and the cafe was down to the serious smokers -- all men, ranging from youths barely old enough to smoke to some guys who looked like they knew the last sultan personally. Conversation was minimal; they either played backgammon or nodded out.

  • 07/06/97 They'd Walk a Mile The Growing Disparity In Cigarette Excise Tax Rates Has People Heading To States Where They Can Buy Their Smokes For Less. LA Times

  • 07/09/97 Some Investors Shy Away from PHILIP MORRIS $1B Global Bond Dow Jones/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
  • 07/09/97 BUSINESS: PHILIP MORRIS Is Preparing Record Public Offering The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Rated single-A-2 by Moody's and single-A by S&P, Philip Morris is putting together a $1 billion global debt offering of its own -- its largest ever. . . Sources familiar with the deal say Philip Morris is planning to sell global debt with an eight-year maturity through lead manager Merrill Lynch. Traders predict a yield spread of around 0.75 percentage point over Treasurys. Demand for the Philip Morris issue -- as well as others -- is expected to be strong.
    • 07/08/97 PHILIP MORRIS $1Bln Global Debt Issue Seen Due Wed. Reuters
        Philip Morris Cos Inc is expected to tap the corporate bond market with a $1.0 billion global debt offering, dealers said Tuesday. The deal, expected to include an eight-year maturity, will be underwritten by Merrill Lynch & Co, dealers said.
    • 07/09/97 MERRILL Confirms Mandate for PHILIP MORRIS Bond Reuters
        On Tuesday, traders in New York said the deal was expected to surface later today. Merrill said timing of the deal would be subject to market conditions.

  • 07/09/97 UK BUSINESS: Inquiry's £12mln Blow for MOLINS Times of London
      SHARES in Molins fell to a six-year low yesterday as the maker of cigarette and teabag machinery said that an investigation into accounting irregularities in its American division had uncovered a £12.2 million deficit -- £5 million more than expected. . . The company has since replaced Leo Maynes and Walt Belville, the Americans who were in charge of the business, with managers from the UK. Molins also said that the investigation, by KPMG, had disrupted normal business of its corrugated board machinery arm, cutting sales substantially.
  • 07/09/97 Tempus: MOLINS Times of London
      Tobacco machinery, which accounts for 80 per cent of profits, is in better health. Molins invests 3.3 per cent of its sales, double the industry average, and is one of three companies that make tobacco rolling machinery. The tobacco barons, such as BAT, need Molins

  • 07/09/97 BASEBALL: All-Stars Can't Spit that Chaw AP/(New York) Daily News
  • 07/09/97 Kicking Tobacco Not Easy for All-Stars, but Some Trying AP/CNN
  • 07/08/97 Habit is Tough to Snuff Out All-Star game ban. Orange County Register/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      "Too few baseball players and too few of the fans who aspire to emulate them fully understand the dangers associated with smokeless tobacco," Lautenberg wrote two weeks ago in a letter to acting baseball commissioner Bud Selig, players' association chief Donald Fehr and Cleveland Indians owner Richard Jacobs. "A tobacco-free All-Star Game would be a watershed event in convincing America's youth to walk away from those dangers." Fehr -- the real hurdle for Lautenberg's proposal -- agreed to a ban of tobacco products on the field and in the dugout, adding that "the All-Star Game is not a championship game, and a player typically plays for only a limited number of innings."

  • 07/09/97 BOOKS: "Breathless: An Asthma Journal" Boston Globe
      Louise DeSalvo . . . makes the case that the person with asthma lives, in fact, a more terrifying, horrific life. . . The author . . . is one of more than 10 million Americans - the number is growing alarmingly - who suffer from asthma. . . DeSalvo's own difficulties include, for instance, the trials of eating out: She must "screen the restaurant in advance to ask if they permit smoking anywhere . . ."
    You can order "Breathless" here

  • 07/08/97 CIGARS: The Longest Smoke You'll Never Have CNN
      After five days of rolling, cutting and shaping, [Manuel] Guzman now claims a new record -- a cigar stretching 2.9 meters (9 feet, 6 inches). But his lengthy creation is for viewing, not smoking. It's on display at Havana's Cigar Museum.

  • 07/09/97 OPINION: African Americans and Big Tobacco Derrick Z. Jackson, Boston Globe
      [Colette] Phillips's rejection of Philip Morris was a rare act of leadership when it comes to African-Americans and Big Tobacco. Most major African-American organizations shamelessly take hundreds of thousands of dollars of tobacco money a year. . . Locally, she helped publicize a recent African-American Summit on smoking where Reverend Hessie Harris of Churches Organized to Stop Tobacco and state Senator Dianne Wilkerson spoke out against tobacco's influence. "When you think of all the deaths to black men because of cigarettes, the silence of national black leadership on this issue is deafening and scary," Phillips said. "Not even Jesse Jackson is saying anything about the deal between tobacco companies and the states, which would cut off any class action suits by blacks. Where is the NAACP Legal Defense Fund on that?"

  • 07/09/97 OPINION: CIGAR AFICIONADO Literary Life, Boston Globe
      How deep lies the pretension? Each month the mag is filled with stunning models striking poses that fairly say, I'm so turned on by your cigar that if that damned photographer would only leave, I'd peel off what little I have on and we'd have sex right here on the page. This month's cover girl is Claudia Schiffer. But does she really smoke cigars - or is she merely a super-mercenary?

  • 07/08/97 Campaign Finance Investigators Know Pressures of Money Case; Washington Post
      The hearings will focus on fund-raising in the 1996 presidential campaign, but every senator on the panel has firsthand experience with the pressures and temptations of the campaign money chase, according to a review of Federal Election Commission statistics from the last election of each of the panel's 16 members. . . Center [for Responsive Politics] statistics showed that committee members received $131,950 from tobacco PACs, with [Cmte Chair Fred] Thompson the leader at $33,000. . . Don Nickles (R-Okla.) . . . Last election: 1992 . . Receipts in last cycle: $3,235,075 . . Got $211,781 from financial PACs and $26,000 from tobacco PACs.

  • 07/08/97 BROIN: US Secondhand Smoke Jury to be Chosen Wed. Reuters
      A jury of six and 10 alternates will be chosen to hear eight to 10 weeks of testimony and lawyers arguments, which were scheduled to begin on Monday in Dade County Court. . . Circuit Court Judge Robert Kaye said on Tuesday that the opposing sides would alternate juror challenges, so neither tobacco companies nor the lawyers representing an estimated 60,000 flight attendants would have an advantage. "A lot of this is just a game of tactics," Kaye said.

  • 07/08/97 Health Plan Network Sues Tobacco Firms; Suits to be Filed in Dozens of States; Settlement Challenged Dallas Morning News/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      Their lawsuits, filed on behalf of 30 million workers and dependents nationwide, echo claims made in the last few years by 40 state attorneys general and a number of private lawyers: that cigarette makers conspired to hook the young and to hide or suppress evidence that smoking is deadly and addictive. The damage demands also parallel those in the state cases reimbursement of the cost of caring for people with smoking-related illnesses. The states are hoping to recover Medicaid funds spent on low-income residents; the health plans want repayment of bills paid on behalf of their members. . . "How in the world can you say, Reimbursement goes to the states for their health plans, but private-sector workers get no reimbursement, and we're closing the courthouse doors so you can't sue?' That just violates fundamental fairness," said Jim Ray, a Washington attorney who is coordinating the union effort.
  • 07/08/97 Labor-Management Health Funds Join Hands to Sue Big Tobacco; Seeking Reimbursement for Medical Bills Coalition for Workers Health Care Funds PR Newswire
      A grouping of labor-management operated multiemployer health care funds (Taft-Hartley Funds) in 14 states with class action lawsuits pending against the tobacco industry, today announced the creation of a coalition to coordinate their activities at the national level. "These funds are the last line of defense against ruinous health care costs for some 30 million Americans: workers, retirees and their families, and the time has come for the tobacco industry to reimburse these funds for the billions of dollars they have spent to treat tobacco-related illnesses," said Brian McQuade, Chairman of the coalition.

  • 07/06/97 Secrecy Veils MINNESOTA's Tobacco Suit As Both Sides Pursue Objectives, Information Stays Out of Public View. St. Paul Pioneer Press
      Since Jan. 1, more than 50 motions, exhibits and other papers have been filed under seal in the 3-year-old Minnesota tobacco litigation. Two closed court hearings also have been held, though the transcript of one was later made public. In place of open pleadings, lawyers on both sides have frequently filed redacted versions of court papers. Key passages are removed, usually the parts considered by the tobacco industry to be confidential. The attorney general's office, which has aggressively sought out secret tobacco industry research, has so far done little to lift the lid of confidentiality still imposed on such information by cigarette makers. The situation has produced a clandestine system of justice in three key areas . .

  • 07/08/97 CALIFORNIA: Tobacco Lawsuit Bill Awaits WILSON's OK SF Chronicle

  • 07/08/97 Health Activists Blast Cigars' Glamorous Image The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      The magazine ad features a fancy tortoise-shell cigar cutter resting on green velvet. Nearby, a fat cigar burns in a crystal ashtray. It looks like another glamorous image of a cigar, except for the pointed tag line: "You can also use it to cut the tumor off your lip." The American Cancer Society ad is just one in a series of new attacks on the trendy cigar industry. . . Marvin R. Shanken, editor and publisher of Cigar Aficionado, in an editorial in his magazine recently blasted the anticigar movement's "scare tactics." Mr. Shanken, who declined to comment for this article, wrote that an ongoing survey by the magazine has found that 69% of respondents smoke fewer than three cigars a week, while 90% don't inhale when they smoke. "The moderate smoking habits of our respondents just aren't as dangerous as the anticigar folks are trying to portray them," wrote Mr. Shanken. . . "The tragedy with smokeless tobacco is that we all said it was a fad that was going to go away," says Mr. Connolly. "It didn't, and we woke up too late. We've got to take cigar smoking seriously."
  • 07/08/97 General Cigar Holdings, down 11/16 at 26 7/8 Small item in "Big Movers in the Stock Market." AP Washington Post
      An article in The Wall Street Journal focused on the new efforts by public-health advocates to attack the trendy cigar market, the fastest growing segment of the tobacco industry.

  • 07/10/97 Smoking Linked to Back Problems Reuters Medical News
  • 07/07/97 HEALTH: Back Problems Linked to Smoking Reuters Health eLine
      In a study published in the July issue of the journal Neurosurgery, two researchers reported that smokers were four times more likely than nonsmokers to require spinal fusion surgery, particularly for low-back problems. Compared with nonsmokers, the time to heal from the surgery was much slower for smokers and more likely to be fraught with complications. Dr. Mark N. Hadley of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Dr. Sadda V. Reddy of Valley Medical Center in Fresno, California, concluded that chronic tobacco use leads to a weakening of the bones and a slowing down of the production of new, healthy bone cells.

  • 07/08/97 CESSATION: Most Smokers Admit They're Addicted MSNBC
      More than nine out of 10 smokers do not think they will be able to quit the habit until they are mentally prepared to do so ‹ regardless of how much pressure they receive from friends and family, a new poll of 1,002 smokers shows. And in a renewed effort to give smokers information to help them to quit, anti-smoking advocates introduced a new bill in the House of Representatives on Tuesday that if passed, would require tobacco companies to print warnings such as "Cigarettes kill" on their products. Nearly 70 percent of smokers said that they think the possibility of failure prevents smokers from trying to quit, according to the survey, also released Tuesday. More than three-fourths of smokers think they are addicted to cigarettes either physically or mentally, the poll showed. The survey, co-sponsored by the American Lung Association and Nicotrol, was designed to identify the barriers that smokers face in trying to kick the habit. "Almost 65 percent of the smokers surveyed believe cold turkey is the best way to quit," said John Garrison, chief executive officer of the American Lung Association. "Yet nearly half agreed that one of the hardest things about quitting is not having anyone to support them during the tough times."

  • 07/08/97 BUSINESS: GENERAL CIGAR Says Price Rise Could Affect Margins Reuters
      General Cigar Holdings Inc (MPP) said Tuesday the "tremendous reaction" to what it called its recent "stiff" price increases have led to concern about future margin growth. . . In a conference call, the company said it included a "warning" about its future margin growth in its second quarter earnings report because of the response to its recent price increase of about 15 percent on certain products. . . The company said during the conference call, however, that it does see room for further price increases in its premium division. "Reports that the cigar boom has bottomed out are completely erroneous," said president and chief executive Edgar Cullman Jr.

  • 07/08/97 Cigarette Ad Items Become Hot COLLECTIBLES Knight Ridder/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)
      "When (the advertising ban) first became a rumor, more people started coming in and asking, `What are you going to do with those signs?' " said Cindy Wagner, manager of the Tobacco Mart in Henderson, Ky. . . But the interest, she says, is almost solely in the Camel and Marlboro stuff, from the Marlboro race-car mobile that dangles from the ceiling to the light-up sign featuring a larger-than-life pack of filtered Camels.

  • 07/08/97 OPINION: Growing Obsession with Site Seeing; Columnist ADAIR LARA Uses Internet to Answer Tobacco Question Short bit in article.
      The day before that, we found an empty pack of American Spirit cigarettes in one of the kids' cars, undoubtedly left there by someone they don't even know, or maybe tossed in the car by somebody walking by. I know kids think these are "healthy" cigarettes. In the interests of broadening his education, I typed "American Spirit" into my Metacrawler search engine and 30 seconds later was in possession of a long article pointing out that this so-called natural cigarette actually has more nicotine than the other brands, because it's bigger. "The tobacco is grown with extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides," said the article.

  • 07/07/97 Tobacco Opponents See Growing Momentum Against Cos AP/Dow Jones (pay registration) Here's the article on PostNet

  • 07/10/97 CANADA: Imperial Tobacco Sets the Record Straight on Allegations of Ties With Suspected Smuggler and of Payment of Money to B.C. Fishing Lodge Business Wire/LA Times

  • 07/10/97 HEALTH: PENNSYLVANIA Dental Association: CIGAR Smoking--A Safe Alternative? PR Newswire
      Dentists can detect the adverse oral effects of any tobacco use (cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco) during an examination. The ADA warns that even occasional cigar smoking may contribute to serious oral health risks.

  • 07/10/97 FDA: US Panel Boosts Anti-Smoking Reuters
      On a voice vote, the House Appropriations Committee approved $24.3 million in fiscal 1998 funding for Food and Drug Administration enforcement efforts to reduce teen smoking, up from $15 million approved at the subcommittee level 3 weeks ago and this year's level of $4.3 million. The move brings the panel closer to the Clinton administration's request of $34 million. The money will be used to enforce an FDA requirement that retailers check photo identification of cigarette customers to verify their age.
  • 07/09/97 Tobacco Crop Insurance Ban Nixed AP Washington Post
      "As long as it's legal, how can you discriminate?" said Rep. Harold Rogers, R-Ky. "This is attacking the very smallest, most helpless portion of this industry." The House Appropriations Committee rejected on a voice vote an amendment to the Agriculture Department spending bill that would end federal subsidies worth about $34 million that help tobacco farmers get crop insurance. The panel also voted to raise to $24 million the amount earmarked to help states enforce laws forbidding minors to purchase cigarettes.

  • 07/10/97 FTC Commissioner VARNEY to Depart LA Times

  • 07/10/97 VIRGINIA Farmers Planting More Tobacco than Last Year Richmond Times-Dispatch
      Virginia farmers planted more tobacco this year than last, responding to larger marketing quotas, according to the Virginia Agricultural Statistics Service. The quota increases are related to a strong overseas demand for American tobacco and a short crop last year.

  • 07/09/97 Lighting Up Those Cigarettes Can Burn a Lot of Money Akron Beacon Journal
      Not only is smoking habit expensive, but it adds to dry cleaning, personal hygiene, health, wage costs

  • 07/10/97 BUSINESS: Despite Settlement, Tobacco Profits Keep Rising Dow Jones (pay registration)

  • 07/10/97 BUSINESS: DCR Rates PHILIP MORRIS INC. $1B Debt Offering Duff & Phelps Credit Rating PR Newswire
      Duff and Phelps Credit Rating Co. (DCR) has assigned a rating of 'A' (Single-A) to Philip Morris Companies Inc. (MO) $1.0 billion senior unsecured debt due 2005

  • 07/10/97 BUSINESS: STANDARD COMMERCIAL Refinancing PR Newswire
      Standard Commercial Corporation (NYSE:STW), through its wholly owned subsidiary, Standard Commercial Tobacco Co., Inc., intends to raise approximately $100 million through a Rule 144A private placement of senior notes, subject to market and other conditions.

  • 07/10/97 BOOKS: Dr. Spock Had Cig Ads Removed from His Pocket Books Small item in "The Attention Transaction." Washington Post
      Today's sweep of advertising is the democracy of the marketplace, what Twitchell calls "the application of capitalism to culture: dollars voting." Where will it sweep next? Perhaps advertisements in books, where they once were. Twitchell recalls that in the late 1940s, Dr. Spock fought Pocket Books to have cigarette ads removed from his baby care book. Books might remain one of the last redoubts of advertisement-free America because, Twitchell says, "the prime audience for advertisers, namely the young, is functionally illiterate." That good news about books contains the bad news that books do not have a bright future.

  • 07/09/97 MAINE: OPINION: Fighting for Principle--Gov. KING Bangor Daily News
      Your recent editorial seriously misunderstood both the reasons for the intial impasse on the cigarette tax issue and the ultimate compromise. For me, the important question was, are we going to raise taxes on Maine people to create or expand new programs? My answer is no. When I proposed in January to double the tobacco tax as a way to deter young adults from smoking, I strongly urged that all the money raised by the tax (minus a small amount for an anti-tobacco education campaign) be returned to the taxpayers.

  • 07/09/97 UNIVERSAL Corp. Buys Tobacco Plants in POLAND, TANZANIA AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Universal Corp. (UVV) agreed to buy the tobacco processing, production and buying operations from the Polish unit of Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH, Germany, and a tobacco leaf processing plant owned by the Tanzanian government in Africa. . . Universal said the purchase of the African plant was related to Tanzania's ongoing privatization process and will require further investments by Universal in order to expand and modernize the facility. The Tanzanian deal strengthens Universal's position as a supplier of filler-style flue-cured tobacco, the company said, as Tanzania is the second-largest producer of flue-cured tobacco in Africa.

  • 07/10/97 Passive Smoke Worse for Moms over 30 MSNBC
  • 07/09/97 HEALTH: Tobacco Smoke Risky to Babies of Moms over 30 Reuters
      The study, in the July issue of "American Journal of Epidemiology," said hundreds of thousands of pregnancies a year in the United States may be affected by second-hand smoke. . . The study was conducted by researchers at the federal Centers for Disease Control who analyzed data collected from more than 17,000 low-income women in Arizona and North Dakota. It found that non-smoking women older than 30 who lived with a smoker had a much greater chance of delivering a premature or underweight baby than did non-smokers of the same age group who lived in a smoke-free home. Babies born to the older non-smoking women who were exposed to second-hand smoke weighed 90 grams (3.15 ounces) less on average at birth than babies born in smoke-free homes.

  • 07/09/97 HEALTH: Maternal Smoking May Cause Kidney Defects in Offspring Reuters Medical News
      Dr. Karin Kallen of the Tornblad Institute in Lund, Sweden, examined the contribution of prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke to urinary organ malformations in 483 infants with kidney defects and 719 infants with urinary organ malformations not involving the kidney. Dr. Kallen found "...a positive association between maternal smoking and urinary tract malformations..." affecting the kidney only. "For other urinary organ malformations, no association with smoking could be detected." Dr. Kallen's findings confirm those previously reported by another investigator, Dr. Li . . -- Int J Epidemiol 1997;26:571-574.

  • 07/09/97 Brain Hemmorhage Patients Improve One "forgot he was a heavy smoker." Reuters Health eLine
      Survivors of a dangerous type of stroke called subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) do fairly well as years go by, keeping a positive attitude despite ongoing problems, researchers say. A survey of 123 long-term SAH survivors found memory loss, personality changes, and sleep problems common but usually not disabling. . . The researchers also report that many survivors had reduced their smoking or drinking, although only two reported eating more healthily. There was one dramatic lifestyle change: "One man reported that he forgot he was a very heavy smoker and thus never smoked again!" the researchers state.

  • 07/09/97 PHILIP MORRIS Was Top Soft Money Donor--Report Reuters
      Common Cause, which favors reform in political campaign financing, said the Democratic and Republican parties raised more than $260 million in soft money in the 1996 election cycle, which began Jan. 1, 1995. During that period, Philip Morris gave more than $2.5 million to various Republican Party committees and $481,518 to Democratic Party committees, Common Cause said in a statement. . .For the Republicans, the top 10 soft money donors were: Philip Morris, RJR Nabisco (RN), American Financial Group (AFG), Atlantic Richfield ( ARC), News Corp (NCP.AX), Union Pacific Corp (UNP)/Southern Pacific Corp (SHP.V), Joseph E Seagram & Sons Inc/MCA Inc, Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp., U.S. Tobacco and AT&T (T). (Tobacco not among top ten for Democrats)

  • 07/09/97 Tobacco Lobby Dines with Dems AP Washington Post
      [T]obacco lobbyists were on the guest list for a dinner Wednesday night with 10 Democratic House members. The three tobacco lobbyists -- representing cigarette makers Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds, as well as the Tobacco Institute -- were among two dozen lobbyists getting a 90-minute audience with the lawmakers. The dinner, at a restaurant three blocks from the Capitol, was organized for members of the Speaker's Club, a group of businesses that give at least $10,000 a year in regulated contributions to the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, or $15,000 in unregulated "soft money." Among lawmakers scheduled to attend were Rep. Martin Frost, chairman of the DCCC; Reps. Rick Boucher, D-Va., and Karen McCarthy, D-Mo., both members of the Commerce Committee that oversees tobacco issues; and Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga., a member of the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee and of the House Democratic leadership team.

  • 07/09/97 STOCKS: Tobacco Sector Seen Active CNN

  • 07/09/97 Union Trusts Join Tobacco Fray Richmond Times-Dispatch
      Health-care trust funds have filed class-action lawsuits against tobacco companies in 16 states since May to recoup expenses for smoking-related sicknesses, and lawsuits are likely to be filed in nine or 10 other states, an attorney helping to coordinate the lawsuits said yesterday. . . Brian McQuade, chairman of the newly created Coalition for Workers' Health Care Funds, said its several hundred members were bypassed by the recent tobacco settlement proposal.

  • 07/09/97 CANADA: Study Finds No Clear Link between Smoking, Body Image Halifax (NS) Daily News
      Researchers from Dalhousie University and Mount Saint Vincent University used girls from Grades 6 through 8 from eight schools to test their hypothesis that part of the reason girls begin smoking is a desire to be slim. "Certainly it really doesn't appear to be a major factor in actually (smoking) the first cigarette," said researcher Dr. Gillian Bailey, who presented the findings at the annual meeting of the Canadian Public Health Association in Halifax. . . "Our gut feeling from the discussion groups and from looking at the transcripts of the discussions is that that may be a factor very early on in perpetuating it and assisting it to become a habit."

  • 07/09/97 NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE: Blue Mold Quelled by Hot Weather; Tobacco Markets Open July 29 Coming Attractions, The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      The state's 24 tobacco markets open July 29 amid anxiety about the proposed national settlement with cigarette companies. . . Tobacco prices already are likely to be lower than last year, when prices soared after two hurricanes damaged crops and created a shortage. One piece of good news: an outbreak of blue mold disease that threatened young tobacco plants this spring was quelled by the summer's hot weather.

  • 07/09/97 MARYLAND AGRICULTURE: Farmers Fight Off Rising Aggravations Baltimore Sun/POSTNet ("hot off the wires"--expires quickly)

  • 07/11/97 YUGOSLAV Gov't Imposes Cigarette, Import Stamps Reuters
      The Yugoslav government adopted a regulation on Friday introducing compulsory tax stamps on all tobacco and alcohol in a bid to stifle illegal trade, Tanjug news agency reported. Producers and importers of alcoholic beverages and cigarettes will put unified tax stamps on their products in the entire territory of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro . . .

  • 07/11/97 Smuggling Burns NIGERIAN Tobacco Shares Reuters
      Shares of Nigerian Tobacco Co (NTC) (NTOB.LG) are going up in smoke because smuggling of imported brands has brought the company to its knees, dealers said on Friday. . . But while it is still awaiting government's contribution to its efforts, dealers said NTC needs to do more to rebuild its fortunes. "The company is not represented at the premium end of the cigarette market," one said, adding "They do not have any competing product in the market." NTC's popular brands are only bought by smokers at the bottom end of the ladder, as most high fliers prefer imported brands, traders said. Akinkugbe said agreements have been made with NTC's technical partner B.A.T Industries Plc (BATS.L) (BATS.L) of Britain in an effort to improve quality of its leading brand John Players Gold Leaf.

  • 07/11/97 SPAIN: BUSINESS: TABACALERA to Buy US Cigar Co. Miami Herald
  • 07/10/97 TABACALERA to Buy MAX ROHR Reuters
      Spain's Tabacalera (TAB.MC)said on Thursday its unit Tabacalera Cigas International SA would buy the U.S.'s [cigar distributor] Max Rohr Importer for $53 million.

  • 07/11/97 HONG KONG-CHINA Office of GRAY ADVERTISING Office Wins Cig Accounts Short item in The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      The Hong Kong-China office of Grey Advertising has been awarded the advertising accounts for the Huang Guo Shu and Cocopalm cigarette brands, manufactured by the Guangzhou No.1 Cigarette Factory

  • 07/11/97 TRANSCRIPT: Sen. BILL FRIST (R-TN) on Tobacco NBC "Today" Feature Report on Senator Bill Frist (R-TN) 7:12 A.M. (EDT) Friday, July 11, 1997. Federal News Service
      SEN. FRIST: Historically I've said that I oppose raising taxes on tobacco because I think there are so many positive things we can do in education. What I had rather do is do what I do with my children, and that is point out that you shouldn't smoke, that it is dangerous to your health. CLIFF DOUGLAS (TOBACCO CONTROL LAW & POLICY): It's frankly astonishing that a physician who's performed 250 heart and lung transplants could be in any way siding with the tobacco industry.

  • 07/11/97 Fewer New Cars Being Built with Lighters and Ashtrays Sacramento Bee

  • 07/12/97 MOTOR SPORTS: Speedways Without Smoke Business Week
      Will racing find sponsors to replace the tobacco money--a total of $330 million a year, or about 20% of total sponsorship money? It's unlikely that any new sponsor will be as enthusiastic as R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., which spends an estimated $30 million a year at the track . . In fact, removing the nicotine stains from racing may bring in sponsors who once boycotted the sport for fear of being associated with tobacco. Eventually, kicking the tobacco habit may turn out to be a healthy move for racing.

  • 07/11/97 MUSIC: The R.O.A.R. Tour M.E.O.W. Ft. Worth Star-Telegram
      Skoal pulled its name from the tour promotions - the result of anti- tobacco groups accusing the company of targeting under-age users, according to a recent issue of Performance. Attendance has been spotty - as low as around 1,000 in some markets, as high as 16,000 or so in another, again according to Performance. . . The show will, however, go on - with Sponge, the Nixons, Heat and the Bloodhound Gang on the main stage and Subrosa, Treadmill Trackstar, Sevendust, Soak, Sexpod and Puzzle Gut on the second stage.

  • 07/10/97 OPINION: Illegal Campaign Cash No Worse than Legal Reno, Austin (TX) American-Statesman
      The Republican Party's debt to the tobacco industry and the gun lobby, the Democrats' bondage to the trial lawyers and the labor unions, has no mystery to it, no sinister Asiatic connection. It's all public record.

  • 07/11/97 Joe Camel, a Giant in Tobacco Marketing, is Dead at 23 The New York Times (Free Registration)
    • 07/11/97 Already Endangered, R.J. Reynolds Puts Joe Camel To Sleep Features clear shot of new ad campaign billboard. Daytona Beach (FL) News-Journal
    • 07/11/97 On the Ash Heap Chicago Tribune
    • 07/11/97 No Fond Farewells for Ousted Joe Camel Washington Times
    • 07/11/97 RJR Snuffs Joe but Keeps the Camel Philadelphia Inquirer
    • 07/11/97 Under Pressure, Joe Camel Will Fold His Tent NY Newsday
    • 07/11/97 RJR Banishes Joe Camel, Adds Some Sexy Smokers The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
        One Camel test ad ran in Spin magazine. It shows a sexy woman puffing away as smoke curls up into the shape of a camel, with the tagline, "What you're looking for."
    • 07/11/97 Joe Camel, Suave Dromedary, Dead at 9 Reuters/MSNBC
    • 07/11/97 Is Joe Camel Really Dead? MSNBC
        Marshall Blonsky, a professor of communications at New York University, suggests that Joe Camel isn¹t really dead. Like the Cheshire Cat, his smile ‹ or the ambiance of Joe Cool ‹ will live on in Camel advertisements. Moreover, Blonsky told CNBC, the agreed-upon ban on real people in cigarette advertising will be replaced with equally alluring representations of cigarettes, like recent Benson & Hedges print ads featuring animated cigarettes in various human poses.
    • 07/11/97 Joe Camel Put Out to Pasture ABC News
    • 07/11/97 Joe Camel Will Soon Be Extinct MSNBC
    • 07/10/97 Joe Camel Makes an Exit CNN
    • 07/11/97 RJR Drops Joe Camel USA Today
    • 07/11/97 Smoke Foes Hammer Last Nail in Joe Camel's Coffin NY Post
    • 07/11/97 Joe Camel Fired Washington Post
    • 07/10/97 RJR to Launch New Camel Ad Campaign in August Dow Jones (pay registration)
    • 07/11/97 Out to Pasture Winston-Salem Journal
    • 07/11/97 Joe Camel Quotes Winston-Salem Journal
    • 07/10/97 RJR to Replace JOE CAMEL in New Ads Reuters
        The tobacco giant's new advertising campaign will appear on billboards nationally beginning this week and in magazines next month. The new ads will feature the traditional trademarked camel that appears on every pack of the company's Camel brand of cigarettes. Joe Camel had been the primary marketing symbol for Camel since 1988. RJ Reynolds also said it will phase out Joe Camel point-of-sale advertising at retail locations.
    • 07/10/97 FTC Seeks Agreement Ensuring No New Joe Camel Ads Reuters
    • 07/10/97 RJR to Replace Joe Camel AP Washington Post
    • 07/10/97 Menthol Joe Advertising Campain Ends as RJR Pulls Cartoon Camel National Association of African Americans for Positive Imagery PR Newswire
        "The decision of the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco company to create a `gangsta-type' Joe Camel gazing over an urban skyline was a blatant attempt to entice African American youth into an addiction to cigarettes," said Reverend Jesse W. Brown, Jr., founding chairperson and acting executive director of the National Association of African Americans for Positive Imagery (NAAAPI), and a leader of the "Say No to Menthol Joe Community Crusade." "We didn't let Reynolds market Uptown cigarettes to Black communities in 1990 and we were not going to let Reynolds come into our neighborhoods and market Camel Menthols to our children in 1997 without a fight," Brown said.
    • 07/10/97 RJR Launces New Camel Advertising Campaign RJR PR Newswire
        R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. will launch its new Camel advertising campaign -- "What You're Looking For" -- nationally with the new ads being posted on billboards beginning this week and running in magazines start ing in August. The new campaign replaces Joe Camel advertising used to market the cigarette brand since 1988. The company will also phase out Joe Camel point- of-sale advertising at retail. The new campaign for Camel features the venerable trademarked camel from the brand's package in each of the advertisements. It began running in some magazines in March and will now be expanded to other print and outdoor media. "We are taking this new campaign nationally because of the very positive response we have heard from adult smokers who have seen some of the new ads that we have run in selected magazines since March," said Fran Creighton, RJR's vice president of marketing for Camel. "They have told us that the ads are creative, fun and on target with their lifestyles."
    • 07/10/97 OPINION: Surrender of Joe Camel Demonstrates Industry Can be Pushed--ASH ASH PR Newswire

  • 07/11/97 MOVIES: When the Cat's Away: "Much Smoking" Family Filmgoer, Washington Post
      There are much milder sexual situations, occasional crude language and much smoking.

  • 07/11/97 HEALTH: Photodynamic Therapy for Lung Cancer Reuters Health eLine
      A combination laser and drug therapy, known as photodynamic therapy (PDT) may offer an alternative to surgery for patients diagnosed with early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the lung -- a common type of lung cancer -- according to a study published in this month's Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Squamous cell carcinoma of the lung is "well linked with smoking and we think it has a relatively slow development phase over a couple of years," explains Dr. Denis Cortese of the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, one of the researchers in the study. "Therefore, it is probably the only lung cancer type amenable to early detection and treatment." Currently, surgical removal of the tumor is standard therapy. "I wouldn't look at (PDT) as something that will absolutely ever eliminate the need for surgery. It's an addendum or additional treatment. It would be nice to consider using it as a first shot and if we can eliminate (the cancer), then the patients would be spared surgery," says Cortese.

  • 07/10/97 CESSATION: Pill to Stop Smoking Doesn't Use Nicotine Bloomington, IL Pantagraph
      Bupropion What It is: A pill that helps people quit smoking without the use of nicotine. How to get it: Available with a prescription udner the brand name Zyban. How it is used: Drug is taken twice daily. In trials, smokers took it for seven weeks, but some resumed dosages when their smoking cravings returned later. Side effects: The drug may interact with the blood thinner coumadin and may adversely

  • 07/13/97 Ads Light into Glamorous Images of CIGAR Smoking The Wall St. Journal article in the Chicago Tribune
      The magazine ad features a fancy tortoise-shell cigar cutter resting on green velvet. Nearby, a fat cigar burns in a crystal ashtray. It looks like another glamorous image of a cigar, except for the pointed tag line: "You can also use it to cut the tumor off your lip." The American Cancer Society ad is just one in a series of new attacks on the cigar industry.

  • 07/13/97 Low-Nicotine Cigarettes Pose Different Dangers Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel

  • 07/13/97 Key Tobacco Witness Granted Immunity, Sources Say DNA PLant Technology scientist Janis A. Bravo helped develop Y-1 super-nicotine tobacco strain. LA Times
      The U.S. Justice Department has granted immunity from criminal prosecution to a New Jersey scientist who helped Louisville-based Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. create a tobacco plant with unusually high levels of nicotine, sources close to the department told the Los Angeles Times. Legal experts said the granting of immunity to a witness is a clear sign the Justice Department's criminal investigation into tobacco companies has intensified and remains a significant threat to the industry despite a $368.5 billion litigation settlement pending in Congress. . . Sources close to the investigation said that Janis A. Bravo testified at a federal grand jury investigating whether tobacco company officials lied to government agencies. She helped develop the plant as part of a joint venture between B&W and a company she worked for: DNA Plant Technology, or DNAP.
  • 07/14/97 A Tip: Patent Pointed the Way LA Times/Winston-Salem Journal
      Janis A. Bravo's name first surfaced in the investigation of the tobacco industry when investigators for the Federal Drug Administration were examining reports in 1994 that Brown & Williamson had developed a high-potency tobacco.

  • 07/13/97 Ban on Philanthropy Sought Richmond Times-Dispatch
      An anti-tobacco blueprint issued last week by public health groups included a subcommittee's support for a ban on tobacco philanthropy, as well as sponsorship of events. Tobacco companies use both tools "to buy innocence by association and create new advertising outlets," the subcommittee said. Besides allowing the industry to portray itself as a good corporate citizen, the panel said, these tools when used "most covertly, can buy either inaction towards tobacco-related issues or loyalty towards the industry." Philip Morris was singled out. A 1993 estimate put the company's annual giving to support museums and the performing arts at $15 million, according to the panel.

  • 07/13/97 Costly: Smokers Pay A Higher Price To Feed Their Habit AP/Winston-Salem Journal
      Cigarettes aside, the country's estimated 48 million regular smokers usually incur more everyday expenses than the rest of the population in cleaning bills and personal-hygiene products. They may shell out more in overall doctors' visits, insurance premiums, and in some cases, earn lower wages because of lower productivity or lost job opportunities. Although it is difficult to quantify, all that can add up to a lot of money gone up in smoke through the years, financial resources that could have been invested, used to lower debts or spent in other ways.

  • 07/13/97 VIRGINIA: PHILIP MORRIS USA Payroll Undergirds RICHMOND Economy Richmond Times-Dispatch
      The ties that bind Philip Morris USA to Richmond are as large as the cigarette company's Manufacturing Center off Interstate 95 and as small as the sign for Tammy's Auto Body & Paint shop on Hull Street Road.
  • 07/13/97 What Does PHILIP MORRIS Mean to Richmond? A Sampling of Answers. Business, civic and arts leaders sing PM's praises. Richmond Times-Dispatch

  • 07/12/97 Racing for VIRGINIA's #2 Spot Republican John H. Hager v .Democrat L. F. Payne Jr. in Lt. Gov. race. Washington Post
      More than any of the other five candidates for the three top offices, Mr. Hager is the darling of big tobacco -- and proud of it. He is a retired vice president of the American Tobacco Co., a "third-generation tobacco man" who told Post writer Mike Allen that he's not sure smoking is always harmful; that the big tobacco companies manipulated the amounts of nicotine in cigarettes just to be sure that people were getting a good smoke; and that he didn't care how all this might play in Northern Virginia, where the tobacco fields are few. But Republican Party leaders note that Mr. Payne, a former U.S. representative, has long supported the tobacco industry too.

  • 07/12/97 CALIFORNIA: Assembly Panel Tape Switched; Investigation Exploring Possible Vote Trading SF Chronicle
      The mystery of a missing cassette recording that would show if a legislator violated state bribery laws grew more mysterious yesterday when investigators said a tape was in fact recorded but somehow switched with a blank one. . . "The original tape remains a mystery and I'm trying to find out where that went," said Assemblyman Don Perata, chairman of the Rules Committee that oversees the Assembly's internal affairs.
    • 07/11/97 Strange Gap Found on Tape of Vote; Investigation begun of tobacco-bill hearing SF Chronicle
        A cassette tape that could help state investigators decide if a legislator illegally traded his vote to help save a bill backed by tobacco interests turned out to be mysteriously blank yesterday. Invoking memories of the Watergate-era 18-minute gap, the tape became important after the state attorney general's office said it wanted to find out if Assemblyman Carl Washington, D-Los Angeles, broke the law by saying he was voting for the tobacco bill because the author of the bill had voted for a bill by Washington.
    • 07/11/97 OPINION: Cynical Legislating on Secondhand Smoke SF Chronicle
        Ignoring for the moment the possibility of vote trading, which is illegal, the committee vote also serves as an unsettling warn ing that tobacco is not about to give up the fight. When it loses one round on the federal level, it will work that much harder to mitigate the losses in statehouses or city council chambers. As Chronicle staff writer Greg Lucas reported, Assembly Speaker Cruz Bustamante seems to be taking over the mantle of his predecessor four times removed, Willie Brown, who was the cigarette makers' good friend and was notorious for filling the Assembly campaign war chest with tobacco money. . . Attorney General Dan Lungren should investigate whether votes were traded in this instance and act appropriately. At the same time, the public must beware of the still-great influence that deep-pocketed tobacco companies wield.
    • 07/10/97 State Panel OKs Bill on Smoking in Bars; Legislation Would Start Ban In 2001, Not 1998 SF Chronicle
        An identical bill was previously defeated by the Democratic controlled committee, but that was before Bustamante jiggled with the membership. "This bill was speakerized," fumed one lawmaker who asked not to be identified. "Speakerized" was coined when San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown was the Assembly speaker. It means the speaker had personally orchestrated its passage or defeat. Yesterday's action included another controversy when one of the two Democrats to oppose the original bill changed his vote to aye. Assemblyman Carl Washington, D- Los Angeles, said he was voting for the bill because the author, Assemblyman Ed Vincent, D-Inglewood, had voted for one of Washington's bills. The way Washington described his action, it sounded like he was vote-trading -- a crime that can carry a prison sentence. Washington said he was only giving Vincent a courtesy vote.
    • 07/10/97 CALIFORNIA: Smoking in Bars Wins Surprise Victory LA Times
        In an extraordinary about-face, an Assembly committee Wednesday voted to continue to permit smoking in bars for at least another year after a lawmaker switched positions and acknowledged that he was now supporting the measure because its author had backed one of his bills. Similar legislation had failed earlier this year, but it won approval this time by a 7-3 margin in the Assembly Labor Committee. The change came because Assemblyman Carl Washington (D-Paramount) switched his positions and Assembly Speaker Cruz Bustamante filled a vacancy on the panel with a supporter of the bill, Assemblyman Martin Gallegos (D-Baldwin Park). The bill, which Assemblyman Edward Vincent (D-Inglewood) is carrying on behalf of Hollywood Park and other gambling establishments, bars and the tobacco industry, initially would have granted bars and casinos a permanent exemption from California's 1994 ban on smoking in workplaces. But as tobacco company lobbyists watched and conferred with Vincent and other Assembly members, Vincent agreed to accept an amendment to scale back the bill.

  • 07/13/97 WASHINGTON: State Targets Untaxed Cigarettes Tacoma (WA) News-Tribune
      This week - and every other week this year - Washington will lose about $1.25 million in tax revenue because of bootlegged cigarettes at Indian smoke shops. . . The new law, which goes into effect July 27, takes enforcement authority away from accountants at the state Department of Revenue and gives it to the state Liquor Control Board, whose agents have police powers and carry guns. . . "We can't enforce this," said Rep. Patty Butler (D-Shoreline), who opposed the law. "We're in a Catch-22 situation. Tribes are sovereign nations within a nation. As sovereign nations, they don't have to listen to anything we have to say.

  • 07/11/97 NEW YORK: Tobacco Bills Passed this Week Neighborhood Pharmacies Get Break In Assembly Bill. Business First Of Buffalo
      Neighborhood drug stores would still be allowed to provide prescription drugs to Medicaid patients if this measure is approved by Gov. Pataki. The measure exempts prescription drugs from services provided to Medicaid recipients through exclusive contracts with HMOs and other managed care entities. The bill is necessary because of managed care legislation signed into law last year by Pataki that gave HMOs and other managed care entities the exclusive right to provide prescription drugs to Medicaid patients. Tobacco Bill A1830. Sponsor: Eve
      By a vote of 145-3, the Assembly voted to expand the drug-free school zone program by prohibiting the erection or maintenance of billboards advertising tobacco products or alcoholic beverages within 1,000 feet of schools or playgrounds. This measure has been sent to the Senate where it has languished in past years. Rural health Bill A4642-A. Sponsor: Luster

  • 07/12/97 BUSINESS: Fallout from the Tobacco Deal Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
      Philip Morris Cos. said Friday that the financial impact of the tobacco industry's settlement of health-related lawsuits might force it to change its share buyback and dividend policies. . . Analysts and investors said they expected the company to slow the increases in repurchases and payouts rather than make sizable cuts.

  • 07/13/97 MOTOR SPORTS: Up in Smoke? Boston Globe
      The marriage of NASCAR and Winston has been long and lucrative, but a lawsuit settlement may turn it all to ashes

  • 07/13/97 OPINION: The Price May Not Be Right On Social Security payments and smokers' early death. St. Petersburg Times
      If the cost-benefit defense is to be asserted, however, those who choose to do so ought to be prepared to admit and quantify the intangible costs of their challenged behavior. It can't be done, of course. The lost wages are easy enough to figure, but how do you convert into dollars and cents the disintegration of a family following a father or mother's death from lung cancer? What value to assign to the parent who isn't there for a graduation, a confirmation, a bar mitzvah, a wedding, the birth of a grandchild? What's a bedtime story worth? A hand-in-hand stroll at sunset? What's a fair price for a baby poisoned in its crib by industrial pollution or in its womb by cigarette smoke if he or she might have become the person who found the vaccine to prevent cancer, who solved the mysteries Einstein couldn't, who discovered the key to commercial nuclear fusion, who brought lasting peace to the Balkans or the Middle East? In the society that most Americans wish theirs to be, such human values are beyond price. So let's hear less about cost-benefit ratios and more about simply doing right.

  • 07/12/97 AUSTRALIA: Health Minister WOOLDRIDGE Condemns "Kiddie Pack" Cigs "It would be unconscionable of tobacco companies in Australia to take any further steps in areas where they have agreed to cease discriminatory marketing practices in the US. . . " Syndey Morning Herald
      The Federal Minister for Health, Dr Wooldridge, has attacked the tobacco manufacturer Rothmans over controversial new packaging, described as "kiddie packs" by anti-smoking groups. Rothmans presented its new slimline Holiday 20s at its annual general meeting in Sydney yesterday. The smaller packet, with thinner cigarettes, launched on July 1 is $2.95. . . Rothmans' chief executive, Mr Gary Krelle, said the Holiday 20 product was aimed primarily at adults who smoke about 20 cigarettes a day. Dr Arthur Chesterfield-Evans, president of the Non Smokers Movement of Australia, said: "They figure kids now can't afford the (50) packs and say "we'd better come back to the 20s and make some kiddie packs'. And if they're thinner, they can put less tobacco in and the tax (and cost) is minimised."

  • 07/14/97 Alternative Cigarettes, Inc. Obtains Exclusive Rights For Nicotine-Free Tobacco Micro Cigarette Company to Market Nicotine-Free Cigarettes in Second Half of 1998. PR Newswire
      Alternative Cigarettes, Inc., a Buffalo, New York-based micro cigarette company, announces it obtained exclusive rights from North Carolina State University for an invention to eliminate nicotine in tobacco. The technology, which has a patent pending, blocks the key enzyme QPRTase that produces nicotine through an extremely complex genetic sequence.

  • 07/14/97 Hitting the Beaches for Political Money MSNBC
      Summer on Nantucket Island: a foghorn blows, a seagull swoops, children play in the sand. And Democratic senators hit up tobacco lobbyists for money. The Philip Morris lobbyists, Tim Scolly and William Oldaker, were not alone on this island 30 miles at sea. With them were 198 other members of the Majority Trust, lobbyists and CEOs from businesses, trade groups and labor unions, each of which ponies up more than $20,000 a year to the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, which in turn doles out the money to Democratic Senate candidates. In return, members of the Trust, among them lobbyists for the American Bankers Association and AT&T, earn what is called "face time" with the senators throughout the year. As an added incentive, they get to fly to Nantucket for an annual weekend of clambakes, bird watching and a little access peddling under the sun. Return to the Money Trail cover This year¹s bait included Sens. Robert Torricelli of New Jersey, Fritz Hollings of South Carolina, Max Cleland of Georgia, Joe Biden of Delaware, John Kerry and Ted Kennedy of Massachusetts, Max Baucus of Montana, Carol Moseley-Braun of Illinois, Barbara Boxer of California, Frank Lautenberg of New Jersey and a sprinkling of others, plus spouses and children. . . Take Baesler, an affable, straight-talking tobacco farmer running for Wendell Ford¹s seat. Asked why he came to Nantucket, Baesler surveyed the sunroom and said: "The Senate race will cost between $4 and $5 million to run in Kentucky, so you need to raise much of it out of state."

  • 07/13/97 Marlboro Man Rides into RUSSIA CNN
      "There is no money in the ministry for an anti-smoking campaign," sais Galina Tkashenko of the Russian Health Ministry. "Most people in the government see smoking as just a habit that's not very important." According to industry analysts, Western companies have plowed more than half a billion dollars into Russia, retooling old Soviet factories and repackaging old Soviet cigarette brands. They also advertise heavily, using familiar American symbols such as billboards with the Marlboro Man. Over the last dozen years, the rise in smoking in Russia has been dramatic. According to the health ministry, one out of two Russian men smoked in 1985. Today, two out of three men smoke, in a country where normal life expectancy for men has fallen to just 58 years. The rate of smoking among women has risen even more sharply. About 10 percent of them smoked in 1985, while about 30 percent smoke today.

  • 07/14/97 The Nicotine Cartel Precis of July/August World Watch article
      In addition to the health effects, McGinn takes a close look at how the multinational tobacco companies build their markets and how societies come to depend on tobacco money. She highlights the aggressive marketing and advertising practices in developing countries and promotion strategies that target the young and the poor.
  • 07/13/97 OPINION: Behind a Shameful Smokescreen Writer reacts to World Watch article. Sarasota Herald Tribune
      We spend billions and billions in our "war on drugs" and apply all sorts of pressure to Latin American nations whose citizens satisfy our demand for cocaine and marijuana, but we allow, yea, encourage, American corporations to export an addictive substance, tobacco, which kills 40 times as many people in this country as all other addictive drugs combined, and surely kills an even more impressive multiple in the rest of the world. Makes you wonder if we know who really is the enemy. Or, if we know but just don't care.

  • 07/14/97 NEW ENGLAND: Tobacco Money Finds Few Takers in Delegation Boston Globe
      If money talks in politics, tobacco executives seeking help from lawmakers as Congress wrangles over the $368.5 billion tobacco settlement plan may find that few in the New England delegation are listening. Nineteen of the region's 35 House and Senate members have never accepted a penny in tobacco money, according to a Globe analysis of Federal Election Commission records and recent studies by Common Cause and the Center for Responsive Politics. The top New England recipient is Senator Christopher J. Dodd of Connecticut, who stepped down in January after two years as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Dodd received $37,999 in tobacco money from 1985 to 1996. Senator Robert C. Smith, Republican of New Hampshire, ranked a close second among New England senators, accepting $37,850. The leader among House members from New England is Representative Barbara B. Kennelly, a Connecticut Democrat, whose tobacco receipts from 1985 to 1996 totalled $32,150, an average of about $5,360 per election cycle.

  • 07/14/97 For VIRGINIA Candidate, A Wheelchair Race; JOHN H. HAGER on Addiction Washington Post
      On a radio call-in show last month on Charlottesville's WINA-AM, a caller named Alex asked, "Do you believe that tobacco is addictive?" "Not really," Hager replied. "Judging that over 20 million Americans have quit smoking, I don't know how you can call the product addictive."

  • 07/14/97 FLORIDA: State Sells its Tobacco Stocks at a Good Time Orlando Sentinel
  • 07/14/97 FLORIDA Has Sold Some 80% of Tobacco Holdings Reuters

  • 07/12/97 FLORIDA: DAYTONA BEACH: City Hikes Enforcement of Juvenile Smoking Law Daytona Beach News-Journal

  • 07/14/97 WISCONSIN: Anti-Smoking Bill Provision Draws Fire Smoke-free Zones Would Expand, But Some Would Be Able To Puff At Schools. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
      A provision in the Senate Democrats' version of the state budget bill that would allow some adults to smoke on school property is being blasted by health advocates as a step backward in the fight to keep kids from smoking. The budget item would double the size of smoke-free school zones to 1,000 feet but also would allow exemptions for adults in approved school programs and any adults who have a contract with the school, which apparently means teachers and other employees.

  • 07/14/97 ILLINOIS: NAPERVILLE Split on Fining Parents for Teen Smoking Chicago Sun-Times
      An intense debate over whether to fine parents of kids caught smoking in Naperville has officials divided on the possible intrusiveness of such an ordinance in a town where 30 percent of high school students smoke. The smoking statistic was revealed in a survey in the west suburb this year, but the numbers could be higher. Middle school teacher Phil Lawler said some informal estimates show that 50 percent or 60 percent of high schoolers as at least "social smokers." As a result, town officials are mulling a plan that would fine underage smokers $50 or more and debating whether to ticket parents whose children are cited for public smoking.

  • 07/14/97 Border Crossers Can Sometimes Save a Fortune on Excise Taxes Dallas Morning News
      Warren has a guilty little secret. Once every few weeks, the Washington, D.C., native zips across the Virginia border and loads up on cigarettes. Because cigarette taxes amount to 65 cents per pack in D.C., but less than 3 cents a package in Virginia, he can buy three packs for the price of two. With a pack-a-day habit - and a host of chain-smoking friends - Warren's modest bout into the world of cigarette smuggling saves him a small fortune. He's not alone. . . Cross-border cigarette shopping soared 395 percent between 1980 and 1994 as the state-by-state disparity in cigarette excise taxes widened, according to the Tax Foundation, a Washington, D.C.-based tax research organization.

  • 07/14/97 Harper's Index Tobacco tidbits. Harpers Magazine/San Jose Mercury News
      Number of speeches on campaign reform delivered in the U.S. Congress since 1987: 3,361 Number of months before hiring Bob Dole last May that a Washington law firm represented its first tobacco company: 4 Number of weeks after being hired that Dole announced he would loan Newt Gingrich $300,000 to pay his ethics fine: 2 Number of U.S. law firms involved in tobacco suits: 530 Percentage of American smokers who say that tobacco companies are to blame for smoking-related illnesses: 13 Percentage of Americans who have never smoked who say this: 22

  • 07/15/97 UST's First Discount Snuff May be Unveiled in Next Few Months Dow Jones (pay registration)
  • 07/14/97 Critics: Cheap Snuff May Lure Minors AP Washington Post
  • 07/14/97 BUSINESS: UST to Unveil Discount Brand to Fight Rival Snuff Makers UST is expected to unveil a discount snuff called Red Seal, analysts said. The smokeless-tobacco firm is trying to fight cheaper rivals without appearing to grab for market share ahead of the pending tobacco pact. The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
  • 07/14/97 REPORT: Smokeless Tobacco in Works AP Washington Post

  • 07/14/97 BUSINESS RJ Reynolds Promotions L.A. Milhous Jr. has been promoted to senior staff R&D chemist. He was a senior R&D chemist in the tobacco chemistry division and more. Winston-Salem Journal

  • 07/14/97 MEDIA: 3 Magazines Target Serious Gamblers; MILTON Debuts The New York Times (Free Registration)
      Along with it has come the magazine Milton, described by its editor in chief and publisher, Susan Moll, as "going back to the good old-fashioned vices," in the manner of Milton Berle, the magazine's namesake and president, who is also Ms. Moll's stepfather. Milton, published by Berle-Moll Enterprises, is subtitled "The Luxury Gaming Magazine." It proclaims its intentions right on the cover -- with "We Drink, We Smoke, We Gamble" in black and white.

  • 07/14/97 Man on Oxygen Dies in Fire Started by Cigarette LA Times
      Neighbors saw smoke coming from the one-bedroom apartment rented by the man, whose name was not disclosed Sunday. . . Of eight oxygen cylinders inside the apartment, the valves of at least two had failed and leaked, and a third was being used by the victim. . . Cigarettes were found inside, and the man "appeared to have had a long history of respiratory problems," Grzywa said. "We've ruled out other causes such as electrical and so far the cause of the fire points to his smoking, but we're still looking," Grzywa said. "Misuse of smoking materials does look like the cause."

  • 07/14/97 EDITORIAL: No Tears for Joe Camel Washington Post
      YOU COULD almost get the idea, from the excited reaction, that R.J. Reynolds has done something admirable in getting rid of the ad character Joe Camel. . . It's good to see Joe Camel go, but that doesn't mean we should cheer the people who created him for belatedly pulling the plug.

  • 07/14/97 OPINION: Joe Camel's Deadly Ad-venture Lars-Erik Nelson, NY Daily News
      These are such powerful, memorable images ‹ in many cases they have outlived their products ‹ that they explain why Joe Camel had to die. Madison Avenue crafts its ad campaigns to stay in your brain, keep you humming its tunes, buy its products without realizing why. To aim such insidious propaganda for a deadly product at children is unforgivable. . . He was cynically put forth to seduce young people to smoke cigarettes, and the tobacco industry has knocked him off as part of its $368 billion settlement with the states. Gone with him is the Marlboro Man. . . The most annoying commercial images survive as well as ‹ often better than ‹ the pleasurable ones. Joe Camel is gone. For millions of children, he will never be forgotten.

  • 07/15/97 Prenatal and Parental Nonsmoking Campaigns Could be Cost-Effective Reuters Medical News
      The costs to society from parental smoking are large, according to studies published in both the July issues of Archives of General Psychiatry and the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. In the latter report, Drs. C. Andrew Aligne and Jeffrey J. Stoddard of the University of Rochester in New York and the University of Wisconsin in Madison, respectively, calculated that parental smoking "...results in annual direct medical expenditures of $4.6 billion and loss of life costs of $8.2 billion." The authors reviewed data published between January 1980 and May 1996 on associations between parental smoking and a variety of morbidities and mortality in offspring. Drs. Aligne and Stoddard found that involuntary pediatric exposure to tobacco smoke "...contribute[d] each year to millions of cases of disease and disability, as well as to thousands of deaths of American children." Specifically, significant excesses of the following childhood illnesses and deaths could be attributed to parental smoking: low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis, acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, asthma and fire-related injuries. And in Archives of General Psychiatry, a separate group of researchers added behavioral problems in boys to this list.

  • 07/15/97 HEALTH: Medical Briefing: The Addiction that Gives Babies a Smaller Chance in Life A roundup of effects; neither new study is mentioned. Times of London.

  • 07/14/97 HEALTH: Study: Parents' Smoking Kills Kids AP Washington Post
      At least 6,200 children die each year in the United States because of their parents' smoking, killed by such things as lung infections and burns, a study says. "More young children are killed by parental smoking than by all unintentional injuries combined," the researchers said in the July issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. In addition, some 5.4 million other youngsters each year survive ailments such as ear infections and asthma that are triggered by their parents' smoking, and these problems cost $4.6 billion annually to treat, the researchers from the University of Wisconsin Medical School in Madison estimated. The study looked at reports from 1980 to 1996 involving children up to 18, existing research about the risks associated with parental smoking and the costs of treating smoking-related illnesses. . . The researchers said 2,800 of the deaths are due to low birthweight caused by mothers who smoke while pregnant. . . About 2,000 of the deaths are attributed to sudden infant death syndrome caused by secondhand tobacco smoke. An additional 1,100 are due to respiratory infection. About 250 children die of burns from fires caused by cigarettes, matches or lighters. And 14 children die of asthma.
  • 07/14/97 Parents' Smoking Raises Children's Risk Seattle Times
  • 07/14/97 ASH: Parental Smoking Kills 6,200 Kids Each Year and Costs $8.2 Billion; But Law Is Finally Beginning to Crack Down on Major Form of Child Abuse; At Least Fifteen States Will Take Away Custody if Necessary to Protect Kids ASH PR Newswire
      Increasingly it is possible for others concerned with the welfare of a child -- i.e., a doctor, a school nurse, a grandparent, or even a neighbor -- to file a complaint of suspected child abuse, neglect, or endangerment where smoking in the presence of the child creates a significant health risk. This could occur where the child has asthma, hay fever, allergies, sinusitis, or other conditions which make them especially susceptible to tobacco smoke, says Banzhaf. Even recurrent ear infections might provide the basis for such a complaint, he says.

  • 07/16/97 Delinquency Linked to Smoking During Pregnancy Your Health Daily
  • 07/15/97 Mom's Cigarettes and Bad Boys Reuters Health eLine
  • 07/15/97 Study: Smoking Moms Have Misbehaving Kids Reuters
  • 07/15/97 Pregnant Smokers' Legacy Findings, Washington Post
      The risk that children would receive a diagnosis of conduct disorder -- defined as at least six months of "serious" antisocial behavior -- was 4.4 times greater in boys whose mothers smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day during pregnancy compared with mothers who smoked less or did not smoke at all. In the report published in today's issue of the American Medical Association's Archives of General Psychiatry, University of Chicago researcher Lauren Wakschlag said 177 boys age 7 to 12 were evaluated over a six-year period.
  • 07/15/97 HEALTH: Mothers Who Smoke May Give Birth to Tearaways Times of London
      WOMEN who smoke ten cigarettes or more a day during pregnancy and have boys are far more likely to see them grow up into troublemakers, scientists claim. The risk of so-called "conduct disorder" is more than four times higher in boys whose mothers smoked at least half a packet of cigarettes a day in pregnancy compared with women who smoked fewer than ten cigarettes a day or none at all. The findings, published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, come from a study of 177 boys aged 7 to 12. They were monitored for six years. The researchers, from the University of Chicago and led by Lauren Wakschlag, defined conduct disorder as "frequently and persistently engaging in a variety of serious anti-social behaviour", including lying, stealing, physical cruelty, arson and vandalism. Boys who carried out at least three of these activites for at least six months were diagnosed as having the disorder.
  • 07/14/97 Smoking During Pregnancy Linked to Childhood Delinquency CNN
      According to the university's Dr. Bennett Leventhal, "the exposure to nicotine changes the way ... nerve cells in the brain organize, so that the kind of connections that are necessary to support behaviors are disrupted." Nicotine can interrupt genetic messages to the developing brain, he said. Among the 42 mothers in the study who reported smoking more than half a pack of cigarettes or more a day during pregnancy, 80 percent of their sons had conduct disorder. Among the 23 mothers who smoked up to a half pack a day, 70 percent of their sons had the problem. And among the 112 moms who didn't smoke while pregnant, about 50 percent of their sons had conduct disorder. The researchers took into consideration other traits that might cause children to develop conduct disorder, such as socioeconomic status, whether a parent had antisocial personality and poor parenting.

  • 07/15/97 HEALTH: Chlamydia Predicts Heart Attack Reuters Health eLine
      Fuster . . says his laboratory studies have implicated immature white blood cells called monocytes in the formation of blood clots that can ultimately block an artery already narrowed by heart disease, causing a heart attack. He says the problem may be the circulating monocyte -- designed to be a defense against blood-borne germs. By taking on Cp, monocytes might trigger it to produce a clot-promoting substance called tissue factor. "Thus, when the patient is predisposed to have a heart attack -- if he smokes, for example -- a heart attack may take place," Fuster says. "My main point is that this (London study) opens the door to the possibility that infections contribute to heart attacks," he says. "You need another study to support this one in order to really have more faith in the findings. But certainly, to me, it's a very important study."
  • 07/15/97 Bacterial Infections May Cause Heart Attacks, Study Says AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      In a study involving 213 patients who had survived heart attacks, the researchers found that those with high levels of antibodies to a common bacterium called Chlamydia pneumoniae were more likely to suffer a subsequent attack or other heart-related problem than those without the antibodies. . . "The data are intriguing and exciting," says Sandeep Gupta, a heart researcher at St. George's Hospital in London and lead author of the study. If the benefits of antibiotics are borne out in future trials, it could redraw the landscape for cardiovascular drugs, a multibillion-dollar market that includes blood-pressure and cholesterol-lowering medicines as well as aspirin. . . But Dr. Fuster said the new findings "may open a door to a new understanding" about how infection may combine with other risk factors to contribute to heart attacks. It is possible, he added, that further studies will show that the bacterium is as important a trigger for heart attacks as cigarette smoking. Dr. Gupta cautioned that his study, which appears in the current issue of Circulation, a journal published by the American Heart Association, was small, and much larger studies are needed to prove the link between heart attacks and the bacterium, as well as the efficacy of antibiotics in treating heart disease. . . Nor should the study detract from aggressive efforts to combat smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and other conditions associated with heart disease, he adds. But the results are promising enough to justify a much larger trial, he says.

  • 07/14/97 HEALTH: Coffee, Tea, Smoking Associated with Decreased Fertility
      Regardless of the caffeine content, coffee drinking in women and heavy tea drinking in men and smoking by either sex decreases fecundability. Investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Canada in Ottawa and the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill used data from the Ontario Farm Family Health Study, a study of farm couples, to analyze 2,607 planned pregnancies over a 30-year period. Dr. Kathryn M. Curtis of the CDC reports in the July 1 issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology that smoking by both men and women decreased fecundability. . . Dr. Curtis notes that her team's findings are consistent with other studies that show that smoking decreases fertility, but her findings with regards to coffee and tea indicate that there may be constituents in the beverages other than caffeine that affect a couple's ability to conceive, and which warrant further study.

  • 07/15/97 UK: More Teenage Girls Taking Up Cigarettes Electronic Telegraph

  • 07/15/97 UK: VIRGIN's RICHARD BRANSON Offers Smoke-free Sponsorship Reuters
      Virgin Group VA.CN boss Richard Branson said on Monday his companies would sponsor sports that lost any funding from tobacco companies. He told a "smoking summit" in London that his group of companies would be happy to take over sponsorship if the government went ahead with a proposed ban on tobacco sponsorship of sports and the arts. "I pledge today that Virgin will set up a rival spectacle, if necessary world-wide. And that goes for any sport that claims it cannot survive without cigarette advertising," Branson said. "Even an international sport like the Grand Prix need not suffer," headded.
  • 07/15/97 EU: UK Drive to Ban Tobacco Adverts in 3 Years Times of London
      BRITAIN is to lead an initiative to ban tobacco advertising and sponsorship throughout the European Union by 2000, as government statistics disclosed that an increasing number of children are becoming addicted to cigarettes. The move to deny publicity to a habit that kills half a million people a year in EU countries will be started by Britain when it takes over presidency of the Union in the first half of next year.
    • 07/14/97 EU Commissioner FLYNN Calls for Tobacco Ad Ban Reuters
        All European Union states should ban tobacco advertising and move to limit smoking in any way they can, Europe's social affairs commissioner Padraig Flynn said on Monday. Flynn told a "smoking summit" in London that governments had to act in concert to stop the 500,000 deaths every year in Europe from tobacco-related disease. "I firmly believe that it is incumbent on the public health authorities to make the fight against tobacco a priority for action," Flynn told the gathering.
    • 07/14/97 British Ministers Discuss Tobacco Ad Ban Reuters
    • 07/14/97 Ban on Smoking in Public Debated by Ministers Times of London
        A BAN on smoking in public places and an increase in the minimum age for buying cigarettes are among measures to be discussed by government ministers today at an anti-smoking seminar in London. The meeting, organised by the Department of Health, will be attended by representatives from sport, business, the arts and advertising. Tobacco makers were not invited.
    • 07/13/97 Age for Buying Cigarettes May Rise in Britain Reuters
    • 07/13/97 Under-18s Face Ban on Smoking Times of London
        THE AGE at which cigarettes can be bought legally may be raised from 16 to 18 under a new government drive to reduce smoking. Ministers are considering the move as part of a new campaign against teenage smoking amid evidence that the tobacco industry is recruiting a new generation of smokers, especially young girls. An anti-smoking meeting, to be hosted in London tomorrow by the Department of Health, will also discuss a controversial American-style ban on smoking in public places.
    • 07/14/97 Government Set to Examine Tough Tobacco Restrictions Financial Times
    • 07/14/97 OPINION: Strong Signals on Smoking--TESSA JOWELL Financial Times
        My job as minister for public health is to do something to halt and reverse the trend. I dread the thought of today's trendy young immortals filling tomorrow's cancer wards. So the question is not whether we do something but how we do it, and how effective we can make it. I start from the proposition, barely recognisable in our predecessors' policy, that it is for the government to take the lead, that there is a role for government to do what only government can do. But local and community action is irreplaceable, and ultimately it is the informed decisions of responsible individuals which will win the day for better health policies in this as in many other areas. . . What we will come up with, therefore, is a package of measures which, taken together, will substantially reduce the consumption of tobacco, particularly among the young. They will be measures which go with the grain of what the public think is fair and reasonable and they will enable us to do the right thing by those who smoke, those who don't and those who do but wish they didn't.
    • 07/14/97 OPINION: Stub it Out Times of London
        In Britain, as in the United States, the option of litigation remains open if persuasion fails to produce results.

  • 07/15/97 INDIA BUSINESS: Analysts Say Buy ITC Shares Despite Bad News Dow Jones (pay registration)
    • 07/14/97 INDIA: ITC May Have to Pay Heavy Fines for FERA Violations Times of India
        Tobacco giant ITC Ltd faces the prospect of imposition of heavy penalty by the enforcement directorate (ED) if found guilty in the alleged $110 million Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA) violation case.
    • 07/12/97 INDIA Police Charge ITC Execs in Forex Case AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
        India's Enforcement Directorate has filed charges against several senior executives of Indian tobacco company ITC Ltd. (p.itc), including Chairman Y.C. Deveshwar, for allegedly breaking foreign exchange regulations, the Press Trust of India reported late Friday. . . Late late year, the Enforcement Directorate - a wing of the Finance Ministry - charged that ITC broke foreign exchange rules in transactions valued at over $100 million in an effort to keep funds abroad and inflate profits. It questioned several senior ITC officials, including Deveshwar and two previous company chairman, but didn't immediately file charges. Several officials were arrested during questioning before being allowed out on bail.

  • 07/15/97 CHINA: Business Blooms in Yunnan Financial Times
      Yunnan province is already China's tobacco store. Now it wants to be China's florist. The province, in the southwest corner of the country, produces 800,000 tonnes of tobacco and rolls more than 380 billion cigarettes each year. Provincial coffers rely on the income of the cigarette makers, which contribute 70% of annual fiscal revenue and have made the region one of the most successful economies in western China. However, Yunnan knows it cannot last forever. "In the long term, the decline of the tobacco industry is inevitable," says Zhang Auluo from the provincial government. "Smoking is a bad habit and the level of smokers will slowly fall as living standards rise."

  • 07/15/97 Statement of American Cancer Society on Cigarette Tax Increase US Newswire
  • 07/15/97 BUDGET: NORTH CAROLINA: State's Lawmakers Fight Cigarette Tax Fayetteville Observer-Times
      Tobacco belt lawmakers are mobilizing in an effort to strike down a proposed 20-cent-a-pack tax on cigarettes. Southeastern congressmen fired off letters last week to House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Bill Archer, a Texas Republican, asking the committee to reject the increase in the excise tax. The tax is included in a $77 billion plan passed by the Senate last month. North Carolina Rep. Bob Etheridge, a Harnett Democrat, opened the salvo of letters on Friday, successfully lobbying the entire Tar Heel delegation to support the effort to overturn the tax.

  • 07/14/97 GEORGIA: HISTORY: Tobacco's Heritage Celebrated Florida Times-Union
      The Carvers and about 100 other people gathered at General Coffee State Park in Coffee County yesterday for the "Tobacco Sunday" festival. The third annual event celebrated the history of tobacco farming in southern Georgia. Kids participated in harvesting activities. The irony of encouraging kids to harvest a plant that will become cigarettes and chewing tobacco, products they are restricted from using, was not lost on the event's organizer. Park ranger Eda Kenney said she also is aware some people might question the timing of the festival . . "I'm not pushing tobacco," Kenney said. "But I do recognize and respect what it has meant historically."

  • 07/15/97 PEOPLE INDONESIAN Tobacco Family Among World's Richest Chicago Tribune
      - 24. Wonowidjojo family, Indonesia, tobacco, $7.3 billion

  • 07/14/97 PEOPLE: PHYLLIS DILLER Didn't Smoke, Ditched Cigarette Holder Prop St. Louis Post-Dispatch
      Thin as a rail and holding up her signature prop - that jewel-studded, long-stemmed cigarette holder - she grabbed audiences and squeezed 'em into tears of laughter. And not once fired up the cigarette. "It was wooden," Diller acknowledges. "It was a true prop. The reason I used it in the beginning was, I was affecting the flapper '20s look - the hairdo, the suit. Very '20s, very sophisticated. It was an excuse to hold up my right arm." Diller tolerated blasts of billowy smoke during her club dates but never indulged herself, she reveals, and refers to cigarettes as "coffin nails." "That's what they called them in the old days," she says, eyes popping. "That ought to tell you something. I'm very much against smoking, and I stopped using the prop when the wireless microphone came in. I just didn't want it as a symbol anymore."

  • 07/15/97 OBIT: LOWELL BELLIN, 68, Specialist in Public Health The New York Times (Free Registration)
      Dr. Lowell Bellin, a specialist in public health who served as New York City's chief health officer under Mayor Abraham Beame, died Monday at his home in East Flatbush, Brooklyn. He was 68. His family said his death was caused by complications of advanced Parkinson's disease. . . As Board of Health chairman, one of five titles he held after joining the Beame administration in 1974, he initiated legislation that banned smoking in elevators and other public spaces, required window guards on apartments housing children and barred transportation of radioactive materials through the city.

  • 07/15/97 When the Cigarette Was Burning Al Martinez, LA Times
      A cigarette was Nick Edenetti's trademark when he was working the clubs, a thin tendril of smoke curling up through the spotlight and into the darkness. He used it to create a mood as he sang, moving it in a kind of wavy motion to the rhythms of the music, its glowing tip zigzagging through the edges of the light. More than simply a prop, smoking was Nick's addiction as well as his trademark. He was a four-packs-a-day man, and you rarely saw him without Joe Camel lounging at his side. He's been a saloon singer for 35 years, playing clubs and restaurants from Miami to L.A. . . Nick doesn't sing anymore and he doesn't smoke. Now he gasps and coughs and sucks on oxygen and wonders how much time he has left, because the king of the saloon singers is dying. * * * When he told me he had terminal lung cancer I couldn't believe it. . . Nick is planning volunteer work for the American Cancer Society in his final days, telling kids what Joe Camel has done to him. "I'm D.O.A. at age 59 because of smoking," he says. "It's suicide." He's getting radiation treatment five times a week but admits that the effectiveness of the treatment is minuscule. . . I keep seeing him in the spotlight, but my focus isn't on Nick. It's on that goddamn cigarette in his hand. I can't take my eyes off of it.

  • 07/15/97 Finding a Good Use for Tobacco, After All Suicide averted. LA Times
      The much-maligned cancer sticks were instrumental in a scheme to rescue a man threatening to kill himself by jumping onto the Costa Mesa Freeway on Friday night, authorities said. Around 11:10 p.m., 37-year-old Richard Darryl Foster of Costa Mesa crossed a security fence near 21st Street and climbed onto a pipe hanging about 50 feet above the northbound side of the freeway . . . When SWAT team member Sgt. Darell Freeman learned Foster wanted a cigarette badly, he asked lookyloos gathered on the second floor landing of the nearby Seabreeze Motel to light up. Police logic: The sight of the cigarettes, and possibly an errant whiff, might remind him of a reason to live. It worked. "The negotiators made a bargain with him that if he gave up he could have a cigarette," Smith said.

  • 07/15/97 OPINION: Death of a Message Jeff Jacoby, Boston Globe
      There is always more to do. There is always some other message, somebody else's speech, that needs to be turned off. There are movies and TV shows that the government might have to quash. There are wine and liquor ads the feds may decide to target. There are cosmetics companies whose views ought to be censored. There are automobile commercials that could mislead young people. There are hazardous Web sites to be restricted, intolerable magazines to be controlled, talk-show hosts to be put in their place. "There's still more to do," says Al Gore. The government won't stop with Joe Camel's scalp. He is only the latest message to be snuffed out - not the last.
  • 07/14/97 EDITORIAL: Give Joe Camel Another Chance SF Chronicle
      If Joe Camel is as irresistible a tobacco salesman as the Federal Trade Commission insists, why not bring him back to life and recast him as a spokesman for an anti-smoking campaign aimed at youth? There is no more zealous or convincing preacher than a reformed sinner. Give Joe another chance. It's the American Way.

  • 07/15/97 OPINION: ANN LANDERS on Smoking Etiquette, Cigarette Disposal Washington Post

  • 07/15/97 HUMOR: Joe Camel's European Retreat Art Buchwald, Washington Post
      As we entered the quaint restaurant the head waiter asked, "Would you prefer a smoking or a secondary-smoking table?" Being Americans, we opted for the secondary-smoking section, which comprised two tables. The man at a smoking table was puffing on a cigarette and eating an artichoke at the same time. When he discovered that we were Americans he said, "Thank you for sending us the cigarettes you don't smoke any more."

  • 07/16/97 Mothers' Coalition Urges Conference Committee to Support Children's Health, Not Big Tobacco US Newswire
      Campaign for CHILD Health Now press conference to announce a Mothers for Healthy Children committee and special grassroots ad campaign. The ads urge Conference Committee members and the president to choose the health of millions of uninsured children in working families over the interests of powerful tobacco and other lobbies.

  • 07/16/97 GEORGIA AGRICULTURE Commissioner to Tour Tobacco Markets PR Newswire
      Georgia Agriculture Commissioner Tommy Irvin begins the 1997 Tobacco Tour with a celebration at the General Coffee State Park Pavilion in Douglas at 7 p.m., Monday, July 21. Commissioner Irvin's first stop of this year's tobacco sales will be Tuesday, July 22, at 8:30 a.m. at the Tri-County Warehouse in Douglas.

  • 07/16/97 HEALTH: Primary Causes of Stroke Dementia are Preventable Reuters Medical News

  • 07/16/97 UK LETTERS: MP, TMC Official Comment on Tobacco Times of London

  • 07/16/97 FRANCE: SEITA Offers Jobs to All at Obsolete Factory AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      French cigarette maker Seita SA said Tuesday it had come up with jobs within the company for many of the 300 workers at two soon-to-be-closed facilities. Financial packages for moves and housing will be offered to workers so that 212 employees under the age of 55 who faced a cut will remain at Seita.

  • 07/16/97 CAMBODIA: BAT Withdraws Small item in "Pullout by Foreigners Paralyzes Cambodia" Washington Post
      As a result of the looting, several large foreign firms have shut down and withdrawn their foreign staffers, including Caltex petroleum, the Tiger and Carlsberg brewing companies, and British-American Tobacco.

  • 07/16/97 OBIT: GERDA CHRISTIAN, 83: Hitler's Favourite Secretary Dies; Smoking Saved Her from Russians, Took Her Life Times of London
      But she later told a friend: "I cannot complain about my time with the Führer. We were even allowed to smoke at a time in Germany when it was not the done thing for women to smoke." Ironically, a habit which Frau Christian later said saved her from the invading Russian Army eventually caused her long, painful death [from cancer]. After more than 100 days in hiding 55ft below ground in the Berlin bunker, with the Allies advancing towards the capital from all directions, Frau Christian and Hitler's other secretary, Traudl Junge, eventually tried to escape. Despite her dishevelled appearance, the attractive young blonde with sparkling blue eyes aroused the suspicion of a Russian soldier patrolling the area near the bunker. She was arrested and questioned for hours because the Russians believed that she was somebody famous or a member of Hitler's entourage. But when Frau Christian took a cigarette offered to her by one of the soldiers, dragged hard and inhaled the smoke deep into her lungs, she portrayed a different image. "One of the soldiers said to the other that German high society don't behave like that," she later recalled, adding that they released her believing she was probably a local farmhand.

  • 07/16/97 OPINION: Hike the Cigarette Tax and Insure Children--Johnson, Kennedy LA Times
      Instead of placating big tobacco, Congress should embrace this unusual opportunity to deal effectively with the shamefully long-standing crisis of uninsured American children. - - - Rep. Nancy Johnson (R-conn.) and Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-mass.) Are Leading House and Senate Sponsors of the Health Care Legislation

  • 07/15/97 MISSISSIPPI Receives $170M Tobacco Payment Reuters
      Mississippi received a $170 million payment from the tobacco industry Tuesday, making the state the first in the nation to be compensated by major cigarette makers for the cost of treating ailing smokers. . . Tuesday's payment to Mississippi was part of a $3.4 billion 25-year settlement intended to guarantee payments to the state should the national deal fall through. The settlement's size dwarfed the $940 million that Mississippi had initially sought in damages. . . A ruling on how the first payment could be distributed was expected soon from a county judge but the state legislature would have the final say in how the money would be spent.

  • 07/15/97 FDA: US Senate Panel Rejects Clinton Anti-Smoking Funds Reuters
      On a voice vote, the Senate Appropriations subcommittee on agriculture passed a $50.5 billion spending bill for the Agriculture Department and Food and Drug Administration programs, but included no funds for the initiative. . . After Tuesday's meeting, subcommittee Chairman Thad Cochran, a Mississippi Republican, said funding for the FDA enforcement activities should instead come from the proposed $368 billion settlement that state attorney generals reached with tobacco companies last month. . . "Our position is 'let the states do it with their own money,"' he said. He noted that Mississippi has just won a huge settlement with tobacco companies that should provide funds for such activities. The full Senate appropriations committee will meet Thursday on the FY98 spending bill.

  • 07/16/97 Corporations Cozy Up to NAACP at its annual convention. Boston Globe
      It rises like a rain forest in the distance, dominating one end of the exhibition hall at D. L. Lawrence convention center. The Philip Morris Co. display brags about its corporate response, environmental commitment, reverence for diversity - and makes almost no reference to cigarettes, the company's most profitable product. . . Two of the leading corporate villains of black America have descended on the NAACP, seeking to restore their battered images. Philip Morris, like all major tobacco companies, has drawn fire for years for aiming some marketing campaigns explicitly at black audiences.

  • 07/16/97 CIGARS: You Know You're Hot If They Pay You to Join Jockey Club set to open with celebs in free. The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Was Grady Sanders blowing smoke when he suggested people would be willing to shell out big bucks to join a private cigar club upstairs at Chasen's Restaurant? "The cigar thing is here to stay," Mr. Sanders, an investor who has revived the old Hollywood eatery, boasted in April. He said membership in the Jockey Club would cost $2,800 annually for an individual, $4,500 for a corporation. . . An internal Jockey Club roster from June, obtained by The Wall Street Journal shows that more than a third of its 200-plus members have gotten in free.
  • 07/14/97 MINNESOTA: Both Sides Beef Up for State Tobacco Lawsuit St. Paul Pioneer Press
      Cigarette makers and the Minnesota attorney general are throwing more legal firepower into the state's tobacco lawsuit as the January 1998 trial date draws closer with no settlement in sight. Philip Morris recently added former federal prosecutor Dan Webb of Chicago to its stable of lawyers in the Minnesota case. Webb, a highly regarded trial attorney who represents Philip Morris in other state lawsuits, served as special prosecutor in the 1990 Iran-contra trial of former National Security Adviser John Poindexter. Another longtime tobacco trial lawyer, Peter Bleakley of Washington, D.C., also is working on the Minnesota case. Bleakley was Philip Morris' lead attorney in a historic 1988 New Jersey trial in which the tobacco industry ultimately prevailed over lawyers for Rose Cipollone, a smoker who died of lung cancer. Both lawyers last month filed court papers allowing them to practice in Minnesota, fueling speculation that one would end up as the No. 1 cigarette maker's lead counsel at the trial.

  • 07/15/97 ADVERTISERS: Stopping the Presses With Threat Of Pulling Ads, Big Accounts Have Their Say On Magazines' Content. Boston Globe
      When Grace Mirabella started Mirabella magazine in the 1980s, she decided not to run cigarette ads. The wife of a prominent lung surgeon, she knew the links between cancer and smoking and that the rates for both were rising among women. She also knew women's magazines were notorious for two things: running lots of cigarette ads and printing almost no articles about the dangers of smoking. After a few months, however, she relented. "The money was just too much to turn down," she recalled in an interview. Still, a couple times a year, she printed an article about lung cancer and smoking. When she did, she alerted her sales staff, who notified the ad agencies, which pulled their cigarette ads for that month.

  • 07/17/97 JAPAN: Anti-Cigarette Lobby Prepares for Action South China Morning Post
      Lawyers, researchers and members of citizens' groups gathered in Tokyo yesterday to discuss preparations for filing lawsuits against tobacco companies. . . Planned lawsuits include one by lung cancer patients seeking damages from tobacco makers based on product liability laws. There is also a plan for health insurance firms to demand the tobacco industry pay insurance-covered medical expenses for patients suffering from smoking-related diseases. . . Katsuhiko Honda, managing director of cigarette company Japan Tobacco Inc, said: "It is a scientifically groundless argument that smokers are more likely to suffer from lung cancer.

  • 07/17/97 MASSACHUSETTS: Restaurants Prepare for No-Smoking Law Worcester, MA Telegram & Gazette

  • 07/17/97 CALIFORNIA: Lobbyists Try to Delay Smoking Ban SF Chronicle
      Tobacco lobbyists plan to turn an innocuous horse-racing bill into one that would let people smoke in bars and card clubs beyond 1998, when a statewide ban is scheduled to take effect, Capitol sources said yesterday. A bill to do the same thing passed out of committee after a controversial vote last week, but now it needs an unlikely two- thirds vote of the Assembly to move forward. So with help from Assembly Speaker Cruz Bustamante, D- Fresno, and Assembly Republican leader Curt Pringle, tobacco lobbyists are doubling their chances for success by creating another bill. "It's unfair. It's not right. They just keep trying to put off the inevitable of bars going smoke-free in January 1998," said Ann Wright, a spokeswoman for the American Cancer Society . . .

  • 07/17/97 CALIFORNIA Anti-Tobacco Campaign Targets Minorities Reuters
      The campaign features a series of billboard ads, TV commercials and radio spots highlighting the dangers of secondhand smoke and the tobacco industry's alleged targeting of children in its advertising. James Stratton, Deputy Director of the state Health Dept.'s Prevention Services, said recent focus group studies had found a key message that could change behavior patterns, particularly in ethnic communities, was the danger of secondhand smoke to children and other family members. . . The campaign targets Hispanics, Blacks, Asians and Native Americans and features ads in Spanish and four Asian languages, Mandarin, Cantonese, Japanese and Vietnamese, as well as English.
  • 07/17/97 CALIFORNIA Sends Powerful Anti-Smoking Message The New York Times (Free Registration)
      At first glance, the billboard above a busy intersection about eight miles west of downtown has all the markings of a classic cigarette advertisement. Expansive skies, mesquite-covered hills and bronzed cowboys, pausing on their horses for a trail-side chat, paint a picture of Marlboro country. Only the single line of copy surprises the unsuspecting driver: "Bob, I've got emphysema." The ad that mockingly skewers an international tobacco icon is clearly powerful. Experts believe it and similar hard-edged ads are one of the reasons smoking rates have fallen over all in California in recent years. What the state-run ad campaign has not done, however, is stop teen-agers from starting to smoke. Teen-age use, while lower than elsewhere in the United States, has -- except for a statistically negligible decline last year -- been on the rise since 1993. To affect larger numbers of teen-agers, the negative ads must be combined with intensive educational efforts in the schools -- more than California has provided, academic researchers say, citing a variety of studies.

  • 07/17/97 NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE: Tour Takes Closer Look at Tobacco Farming AP Winston-Salem Journal
      Researchers are using a chunk of Bill Williamson's tobacco farm near Madison in Rockingham County to study methods of fighting nematodes. The worms can stunt tobacco plants and turn their green leaves yellow. Williamson's farm was the first farm stop on a two-day tour led by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service of N.C. State University. The 1997 Flue-Cured Tobacco Tour ended in Beaufort County. It is the second year that researchers have performed tests on part of Williamson's farm, where he grows 14 acres of tobacco. The researchers apply the chemicals to his plants, then monitor the effects.

  • 07/17/97 BUSINESS: AMEX to Trade Options on B.A.T. Industries Plc PR Newswire
      The American Stock Exchange today announced it will trade options on the Amex-listed American Depositary Shares (ADR's) of B.A.T. Industries P.L.C. (stock/option symbol: BTI) beginning Wednesday, July 23. . . BTI will open with strike prices of 15, 17-1/2 and 20, with position limits of 7,500 contracts. Initial expiration months will be August, September and October of 1997 and January of 1998. The specialist unit for the new options will be Spear, Leeds & Kellogg.

  • 07/17/97 BUSINESS: Swisher International Group Inc. announces record earnings and sales for the second quarter and first half of 1997 Business Wire

  • 07/17/97 CESSATION: Teaming Up to Kick the Habit Washington Post
      Krolicki stubbed out the cigarette, she said, and threw the pack away. For two days after, she had a terrible taste in her mouth, and she hasn't smoked since. But, she said, "I still crave it." There were knowing nods all around. The six women who joined Krolicki at the meeting were all graduates of the American Lung Association's most recent Freedom From Smoking program at Sibley.

  • 07/17/97 SOUTH CAROLINA: Man Awarded $7.40 in Smoke Suit AP Washington Post
      A bar owner who sued a county jail for exposing him to cigarette smoke during a 10-minute patrol car ride has been awarded $7.40 from a jury. William Rollins said he was forced to breathe secondhand smoke during the ride and subjected to paint fumes during his 30-minute stay at the York County detention center in January 1992. The smoke and fumes aggravated his bronchitis . . . Sheriff's office lawyer Amy Gaffney called the smoking argument weak, especially since Rollins owned a bar and lived with a woman who smoked a pack a day.

  • 07/16/97 Agency's Legal Opinion Eases Way for Veterans' Smoking-Related Illness Claims Washington Post
  • 07/16/97 First Veteran's Smoking Claims Could Prompt Flood of Filings The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      The Veterans Affairs Department has begun processing the first in a potential tidal wave of compensation claims for smoking-related diseases and deaths that could cost the government billions of dollars a year over the next decade. More than 4,500 veterans already have filed disability claims for tobacco-related diseases and VA officials estimate that 2.5 million veterans and surviving dependents could qualify for compensation under a new interpretation of VA law. Tuesday, the agency gave guidance to 58 VA benefits offices nationwide on how to determine who qualifies for compensation for smoking-related disabilities and deaths. Veterans who became hooked on tobacco while in the service and continued smoking after their discharge would be eligible.

  • 07/16/97 FTC Says Tar, Nicotine Levels Have Dropped Since 1968 Bloomberg/Winston-Salem Journal
      Adjusted according to sales, giving more statistical weight to popular brands, an average smoker inhaled 12.1 milligrams of tar and 0.9 milligrams of nicotine for each cigarette in 1994 compared with 21.6 milligrams of tar and 1.35 milligrams of nicotine in 1968, the FTC reported. The figures were included in a report to Congress about tar and nicotine testing of 1,206 different cigarette brands sold in the United States in 1994 . . . The testing method has been questioned by critics who say that it underestimates the amount of tar and nicotine that smokers get from low-tar cigarettes, because the machine doesn't account for differences in the way people smoke different kinds of products.

  • 07/16/97 With Joe Camel Out, Gov't Wants Marlboro Man 'Down' Ad Age
      Philip Morris USA has been asked by government officials to retire the Marlboro Man early--the same type of request made to R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. only weeks before the marketer pulled the beleaguered Joe Camel ad campaign. Washington state Attorney General Christine Gregoire said that government representatives, during the tobacco talks, asked RJR and Philip Morris to halt their Joe Camel and Marlboro Man campaigns, respectively, "as an example of good faith."

  • 07/17/97 Farm Subsidies Attacked in House AP Washington Post
  • 07/17/97 HOUSE Considers Farm Subsidy Cuts AP Washington Post
      Moving swiftly on spending bills, the House turned its attention to efforts to trim farm subsidies for sugar, tobacco and peanuts during consideration of an agriculture spending bill.
  • 07/16/97 Farm Subsidies Under New Attack AP Washington Post
      When Congress scrapped many Depression-era crop subsidies in last year's farm bill, programs for sugar, tobacco and peanuts emerged nearly unscathed. Now, they are once again targeted by a bipartisan group of House members. "We've made a great deal of progress in reforming our farm programs," said Rep. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y. "Now, it's time to finish the job." The group plans to attack these subsidies, as well as a program that helps U.S. agricultural companies market products overseas, through a series of amendments to the Agriculture Department spending bill for fiscal 1998. The votes could start as early as today.

  • 07/17/97 Solicitor General WALTER DELLINGER Leaving Job AP Washington Post
      Dellinger, 56, said he would conclude his work as overseer of the government's court appeals by appearing Aug. 11 before the U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals to defend the Food and Drug Administration's proposed regulation of nicotine and tobacco products.

  • 07/18/97 MOVIES: "Cafe Society" The New York Times (Free Registration)
      o many cigarettes are theatrically flourished in Raymond De Felitta's nifty sleeper of a film "Cafe Society" that when it's over you may be tempted to inspect your clothing for the stale, clinging odor of secondhand smoke. Many of those cigarettes jut from the enameled tips of tapering holders fingered by bejeweled, white-gloved "socialites" posing for the flashbulbs in El Casbah, a swank early-50s Manhattan saloon reminiscent of El Morocco. "Cafe Society," which remembers a real-life sex scandal that rocked New York City 45 years ago, is the rare 50s period piece that gets it right . . .

  • 07/18/97 OPINION: Thank You for Not Smoking John Leo, July 15-22, 1997 US News
      But people don't smoke just for nicotine. They smoke for a great array of nonchemical reasons, from depression and peer pressure to a courting of danger, or a belief that smoking equals liberation. Or because lighting up has become embedded in day-to-day life as a ritual, a way of punctuating a phone call, the end of a meal, the start of a difficult project. By pruning away all the meanings behind smoking, earnest antismoking people leave this field to the tobacco companies. The result is that cigarette ads are rich with psychological come-ons, and most antitobacco ads just shriek about health dangers, which everybody knows about and which are often part of the allure. . . Stopping is hard and many smokers are demoralized. But stupid social theories play a role too. Addiction theory is a formula for no-fault, no-improvement misery. It tells us we are not in charge of our own lives and nobody should expect us to be. Should we be surprised that a theory like this has social effects?

  • 07/16/97 Rep. ARCHER: Many House Members Oppose Tobacco Tax Boost Dow Jones (pay registration)

  • 07/18/97 "CIGARS 102" Video Features Cigar Essentials for Women PR Newswire
      "There are differences in what women look for in a cigar," said Sandy Allen, of The International Cigar Store & Smoking Lounge. Sandy, an attorney, co-owns the Seattle-area business with her husband, nationally renowned cigar expert Jeff Allen. "Our female customers request suggestions on flavor, ring gauge, price, and brand, as well as advice about how to properly cut, light, hold, and smoke cigars." The video also discusses wines, ales, and coffees women can select to complement and enhance their cigar smoking experience. Cigars 102 is a sequel to the successful Cigars 101, released earlier this year. The video series is designed to educate the novice, and to eliminate the "millionaire and movie-star mystique" that has traditionally been associated with cigars.

  • 07/14/97 SPORTS: CRICKET: One-Day Showpiece to be Snuffed Out Electronic Telegraph
      NEXT YEAR'S Benson and Hedges Cup final will probably be the last. The sponsor's existing five-year contract is due to continue until the end of the year 2000 but Lord MacLaurin's restructuring of English cricket, not to mention anti-smoking legislation, is likely to bring a premature end.
  • 07/14/97 End of an Era a Drag for Some Electronic Telegraph
      The zonal round of the B & H (Benson & Hedges Cup) was particularly welcome amongst the smokers, precipitating a rush into the dressing room to seize their free entitlement and bag any unclaimed packets. People like Wayne Larkins and Phil Tufnell could get through virtually all of May without having to buy. Because they top the league of nicotine addicts, Kent will most bemoan the end of the cigarette sponsorships,

  • 07/19/97 OBITUARY: Sir PETER MACADAM, 75, Ex-BAT Tobacco Executive Who Diversified in Response to Health Scares Electronic Telegraph

  • 07/18/97 US Senate Appropriations Panel Approves $50.5B Ag Spend Bill No money for FDA. AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      The Senate bill doesn't provide full funding for the FDA's initiative to prevent smoking among teenagers. Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, tried to offer an amendment to provide an addtional $31 million to the FDA program by increasing the assessment fee tobacco companies would pay when they purchase domestic and foreign tobacco. However, Harkin withdrew his amendment after lawmakers on the panel said the committee didn't have the authority to increase the assessment fee. He plans to bring the amendment up again on the Senate bill for a vote, when the agriculture spending bill is sent there.

  • 07/18/97 Big News Beyond the Beltway; Clinton Has Support on Tobacco Washington Post
      It's no accident that approval of Congress is standing at a mediocre 40 percent in the latest Washington Post-ABC News poll, while President Clinton's approval rating has hit an all-time high of 64 percent. Congress is stuck playing in the gutter, splattering mud around, and it's not sticking, the ultimate offense. Meanwhile, Clinton is standing firm on insisting that the Food and Drug Administration have the power to regulate nicotine in tobacco, and has appointed a task force to make sure the American public gets the healthiest deal possible out of the tobacco pact. For parents of teenagers who are at risk for smoking, Clinton is focusing on matters that hit close to home, whose reach extends far beyond the Beltway, into the health of families all across the country. The possibility of a real turnaround in America's relationship with tobacco, unthinkable even three or four years ago, is cause for enormous optimism. Something is happening here.

  • 07/17/97 USDA Chief Urges House to Keep Tobacco Insurance Reuters
      U.S. Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman said Thursday that he opposes efforts to end federal crop insurance protection for tobacco growers. Following a speech here, Glickman told reporters he has sent a letter to Congress registering his concerns.

  • 07/18/97 CALIFORNIA Senate Votes to Ban Tobacco Ads Near Schools Reuters
      The bill, passed 26-6 in the Senate, now requires Republican Gov. Pete Wilson's signature to become law. The state Assembly approved the bill in May. The legislation, authored by Assemblywoman Carole Migden, would prohibit tobacco products from being advertised on billboards within 1,000 feet of playgrounds as well as elementary, junior high and high schools.

  • 07/18/97 WASHINGTON State to Retain Tobacco Stocks After Board Deadlocks AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      The board that manages Washington state's $29 billion pension system has voted to retain its $250 million in tobacco stocks, quashing a recommendation made by a subcommittee on June 3 that the system abandon tobacco investments as too risky. After more than two hours of deliberation Thursday, the motion fell one vote short of the five needed, according to Christopher Ailman, chief investment officer of the Washington State Investment Board. Four members of the nine-member board voted against the motion, while one abstained.
  • 07/17/97 WASHINGTON State to Hold onto Tobacco Stocks Reuters
      The board that oversees Washington state's $39.5 billion pension system defeated a motion Thursday that called for it to divest the state's holdings in tobacco stocks.

  • 07/19/97 INDONESIA BUSINESS: Tobacco Firm Earnings Set to Rise South China Morning Post
      Economic growth of about 8 per cent "is what foreigners are looking for. They're very attracted by Indonesian stocks", Vera Wijaya, an analyst at Nikko Securities, said. Companies such as GUDANG GARAM, a cigarette-maker, were seen to benefit from economic growth and rising wages.

  • 07/18/97 BUSINESS: Tobacco Analyst Quits WHEAT FIRST; MAXWELL Joins Rival DAVENPORT Richmond Times-Dispatch
      John C. "Jack" Maxwell Jr., one of America's best-known tobacco stock analysts, has quit his high-profile post at Richmond's Wheat First Butcher Singer to join cross-town rival Davenport & Co. His sudden exit Wednesday ended a 15-year tenure that put Wheat in the national spotlight as a top source of inside information on cigarette-makers such as Philip Morris Cos. Inc. . . "I thought it was an interesting situation over here," he said yesterday . . .

  • 07/18/97 MOTOR SPORTS: Tobacco Ban Would Hurt Short Tracks AP Washington Post
      In the South, where stock car racing was king long before it became a national phenomenon, short tracks like Southside are as much a part of the community as tobacco is a staple of the economy. Some tracks are struggling; some are thriving. But for all of them the proposed ban on tobacco company sponsorship of sports events would have a much bigger impact than on larger tracks.

  • 07/18/97 CESSATION: Cutting Off the habit Special feature in Lexington Herald Leader; sections include Changing Habits, Methods: Pros and Cons, the Results of Smoking, Learn More

  • 07/15/97 MOJO POLL: Should Congress Let RJR Keep Using Joe Camel Overseas? MotherJones snap poll.

  • 07/17/97 MINNESOTA: Tobacco Industry Lawyers Deny Hiding Research on Smoking AP/Minneapolis Star-Tribune
      The hearing before a special master in a Ramsey County courtroom, which will continue into next week, is being held in connection with Minnesota's lawsuit against the tobacco industry. It's designed to give cigarette makers a chance to justify continued confidentiality of 2,500 documents turned over by the Liggett Group in a settlement with state attorneys general. The other cigarette makers claim a joint lawyer-client privilege over those documents. Later, another 160,000 documents held by attorneys for other cigarette makers will be subjected to a similar review ordered by Ramsey County District Judge Kenneth Fitzpatrick in May.

  • 07/17/97 MINNESOTA: Tobacco Firms: Files Being Kept Confidential Legitimately St. Paul Pioneer Press
      Tobacco industry lawyers, fighting to protect their own confidential files, on Wednesday categorically denied concealing undisclosed research about the perils of smoking. "There are no secrets about smoking," David Bernick, an attorney for Brown & Williamson Tobacco Co., told a special master in St. Paul. "There was no secret risk that nobody knew about."

  • 07/21/97 WISCONSIN: Tobacco Fans are Mad Enough Not to Spit Chicago Tribune
      A watermelon seed-spitting contest at Edgerton's Tobacco Heritage Days failed to draw any competitors over the weekend, partially out of protest after it replaced a tobacco-spitting contest. . . "People were very vocal that they thought it was inappropriate to be spitting watermelon seeds at Tobacco Heritage Days," said Casey Langan, president of the festival, held in this tobacco-growing part of Wisconsin.

  • 07/21/97 CALIFORNIA Tobacco Lawsuit Bill Recalled for Changes; WILSON Wants Retailers Protected from Suits Reuters
      California's Senate recalled a bill on Monday that would make it easier for individual smokers to sue tobacco companies because Gov. Pete Wilson asked lawmakers to make changes. The state Senate rescinded its July 7 vote approving the measure and sent the bill to the state Assembly where amendments will be made to shield grocery stores and other retailers from tobacco liability lawsuits.
  • 07/22/97 WILSON Wins Add to Bill on Tobacco SF Examiner

  • 07/21/97 AIR TRAVEL: Even Smokers Don't Always Want to Fly in Clouds--of Smoke New Orleans Times-Picayune
      But changing policies at a number of airlines suggest that a third camp exists: people who smoke, but do not necessarily want to smoke or sit among smokers during long flights.

  • 07/21/97 OCEAN TRAVEL: CARNIVAL to Sail without Smokers in '98 USA Today
      In what could signal a sea change for the cruise industry, Carnival will become the world's first cruise line to ban smoking aboard a ship. The company, expected to make the announcement Monday, will start by prohibiting smoking aboard the new 2,040-passenger Paradise, scheduled to launch in fall 1998. Officials privately say others in the 11-ship fleet could soon follow, and a fleetwide ban is now no longer unthinkable. . . . the move reflects rapidly changing public attitudes about smoking. Only 22% of Carnival clients smoke, down from 30% in '94.

  • 07/21/97 Woman Kidnapped, Forced to Shop--for Cigarettes AP Washington Post
      A man kidnapped a woman at gunpoint and forced her to go from store to store, buying computers, VCRs and other items on her credit card. Her 8 1/2-hour ordeal finally ended when a store manager became suspicious at an $800 credit card bill for cigarettes.

  • 07/20/97 EDITORIAL: Parents Who Smoke SF Examiner
      A new study from the University of Wisconsin Medical School suggests an addition to the endangerment list: parental smoking, especially during pregnancy. The researchers associated tobacco with the untimely deaths of more than 6,000 children per year in the United States - more than "all unintentional injuries combined." . . . When doctors or teachers observe the bruises or injuries that hint of child abuse, they are required by law to inform the authorities. Will that apply soon to parents with yellow-stained fingers and nicotine breath?

  • 07/21/97 LETTERS: From Silver Screen to Smoke Screen Readers question smoking in "My Best Friend's Wedding," "Men in Black" The New York Times

  • 07/20/97 GINGRICH Advisor Obtained Donation Indonesian cigarette importer to China TED SIOENG named. AP Washington Post
      A top adviser to Speaker Newt Gingrich was largely responsible for obtaining a suspect $50,000 donation to a Republican think tank that Democrats plan to bring before a Senate committee investigating campaign fund raising. John Bolton, former president of the National Policy Forum, has testified that GOP consultant Joseph Gaylord, Gingrich's closest adviser on political matters, helped secure the donation to the forum in July 1995. The $50,000 donation may come under scrutiny this week as the hearing on campaign fund-raising abuses shifts focus to Republicans after two weeks with Democratic problems in the spotlight. . . The Los Angeles Times has reported that on July 17, $50,000 was transferred by wire from an undetermined source to the bank account of Panda, a California import-export company founded by Indonesian businessman San Wong "Ted" Sioeng, 51, and his 30-year-old daughter, Jessica Elnitiarta. . . The Los Angeles Times reported that Sioeng, who may have left the country, has a close relationship to Chinese officials. It said he has an exclusive franchise to distribute China's most popular brand of cigarettes and owns a pro-Beijing Chinese-language newspaper in Monterey Park, Calif.

  • 07/20/97 The Beltway Talks Back The New York Times (Free Registration) A few leading commentators and others were asked to explain once again just why all good citizens must get serious. Here are their responses:
      RALPH NADER: Strange, isn't it, that thousands of corporate lobbyists are actually excited about what is going on in Washington. For they are pushing legislation to limit or eliminate their liability for their corporate crime, fraud and abuse against citizens and investors whom they injure. These corporate interests use Orwellian language to call their bills "tort reform," "securities reform," "regulatory reform" and "banking reform." Should these measures pass, you will pay more and have less recourse to justice, and health and safety standards will be weaker and less vigorously enforced. . . Stay bored and government becomes more of an instrument of the rich and powerful against the rest of America. Get active with your fellow citizens and you might just see more government of, by and for the people.

      MARION WRIGHT EDELMAN, Children's Defense Fund: The Senate plan is partly financed by a 20-cent tobacco tax that would curb teen-age smoking and save hundreds of thousands of lives. The inferior House plan leaves the door open for special interests to raid the child health fund and gives no assurance that a single child will actually receive coverage. Every American must speak out for our children's health so that special interests like Big Tobacco are not the only voices our lawmakers hear.

  • 07/20/97 LOUISIANA: Ex-B&W Manager BERNSTEIN Pleads Guilty in Cig Smuggling Case USA Today--States
      An ex-regional sales manager for Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. will be sentenced Oct. 1 for trafficking in contraband cigarettes. Michael Bernstein, 51, pleaded guilty Wednesday in federal court. He faces up to five years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

  • 07/20/97 Style Invitational: Joe Camel Replacement Contest Washington Post
      This Week's contest is based upon the recent demise of Joe Camel, one of the lousiest cartoon pitchmen ever devised for any product. ("Hey, let's create a character who frequents pool halls, dresses like a pimp, looks vaguely like male genitalia, and encourages preschoolers to smoke cigarettes!") Your job is to come up with worthy successors to Joe: Name the real product, and describe the totally inappropriate cartoon character that would be created to represent it.
  • 07/19/97 Joe Camel is No Monkey on Artist's Back Chicago Tribune
      The government claims that Joe Camel was attracting underage smokers, but drawing the cartoon character was nothing more or less than a free-lance job for Jerry Lofaro. "Ultimately, it probably did appeal to kids. Do I think it was intended? Honestly, no," Lofaro said. "There was never a `wink and a nod.' Most of my stuff appeared in adult publications." There are artist dream projects. And then there are the bread-and-butter jobs that pay the bills. For Lofaro, Joe Camel was bread and butter.

  • 07/20/97 Cigars Chomping on Cigarette Territory Ellen Goodman, NY Newsday
      Just when it's getting safe to take a long breath of fresh air, there's a whiff of something newly noxious. Could it be a cigar? Could it be 4.4 billion cigars, or roughly 20 percent more than last year?

  • 07/20/97 SPORTS: BASEBALL: MO VAUGHN Denies Assault Charge; Incident Grew from Cigarette Burn AP Washington Post
      Bird told police that a woman who was with Vaughn complained that a friend, Lawrence Kopittke, burned her with a cigarette, Hastings said. Bird said he and Vaughn exchanged words, and Vaughn punched him in the right side of the face, Hastings said, reading the report.

  • 07/20/97 OPINION: Thompson's Follies: Dull, Untelegenic, Irrelevant On campaign finance reform. Sandy Grady, San Jose Mercury News
      THE FEAR of most Washington politicians was that Sen. Fred Thompson's hearings would be so electrifying, disgusted voters might snarl, "This campaign mess stinks -- clean up both your houses." Rest easy, honorable ladies and gentlemen. You can keep shaking the tin cup for millions. . . Let chairman Thompson tell about the $33,000 he took from tobacco interests, or the $4,000 check he returned to Fahad Azima, an Iran-Contra arms deal connection.

  • 07/19/97 Hill Negotiators Ink Health Deal For Poor Children; Conferees Make Budget Progress; Cig Tax Left Out--Decision to be Made Next Week Washintgon Times
      House and Senate negotiators yesterday agreed on a $16 billion plan providing health insurance to 7.5 million poor children in the next five years as part of an emerging balanced-budget deal. Documents obtained by The Washington Times show that the compromise largely adopts the House's block-grant plan, giving states maximum flexibility to cover the most uninsured children possible . . . The unexpectedly quick agreement on major budget items reflects a new urgency among budget negotiators to swiftly complete their work out of fear that turmoil among House Republicans and ebbing concern over the deficit could derail the balanced-budget and tax-cut bills. Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott said House Speaker Newt Gingrich, Georgia Republican, was "in good spirits" and was focused on the budget's many details . . "It is our goal to have this bill done - passed by both houses and ultimately signed into law by the president - by the end of next week," said House Budget Committee Chairman John R. Kasich, Ohio Republican. . . The child health care compromise establishes a unique structure for the $16 billion program called for in the budget agreement. The Senate's bill added $8 billion to the program, funded with an increase in cigarette taxes. Negotiators said no decision has been reached on whether to adopt the Senate proposals. Mr. Lott, Mississippi Republican, said they would address that next week. Any more funds for the program derived from a tobacco tax would go to the states.
  • 07/19/97 Tobacco Cos Absent from Tax Debate AP Washington Post
      The tobacco industry, normally a giant in Capitol lobbying, has been conspicuous by its absence in the debate over the proposed 20 cents per pack cigarette tax the Senate included in its tax bill. . . "I think they're preoccupied," observed Rep. Jim Bunning, R-Ky., a tobacco advocate. "I don't think they're ignoring it."
  • 07/19/97 For Big Tobacco, Defenses are Down on Capitol Hill; Ability to Ward off Cig Tax Rise Eroded Washington Post
      The tax increase, approved by the Senate, is the first in seven years and would nearly double the current 24 cents per pack levy to 44 cents. Estimated to raise $15 billion over five years, the increase is contained in the Senate version of a tax bill being negotiated in a congressional conference committee.
  • 07/19/97 Critical Issues Unresolved in Budget Talks on Hill; Tobacco Tax is One Washington Post
      Tobacco tax: The Senate inserted a 22-cents-per-pack increase in the cigarette tax to raise from $16 billion to $24 billion the amount Congress and the White House have agreed to spend on expanded health care coverage for indigent children over five years. The administration supports the proposal, but House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Bill Archer (R-Tex.) said this week that "there's a lot of heartburn in the House over any tobacco tax increase" among members from tobacco districts and others opposed to any tax increase.

  • 07/19/97 National Toxicology Program to Consider Tobacco as Cancer-Causing Substance Short item in article on saccharine in Washington Post
      The National Toxicology Program also said it would review several substances for possible inclusion on its list of cancer-causing substances. The substances to be reviewed include snuff and chewing tobacco; tobacco smoke as a whole; ultraviolet radiation, whether from the sun or tanning machines; and sulfuric acid mist, which is used in making products from rayon to paper, rubber and steel. Some individual chemicals in tobacco smoke already are listed.

  • 07/19/97 FLORIDA: State Dumps Millions in Tobacco Stocks AP/Miami Herald
      Florida has sold about $650 million worth of tobacco stock in the last month, severing the bulk of its financial ties with cigarette makers. The divestiture took just days after a late-May vote by the board that oversees the state's $69 billion pension fund, The Orlando Sentinel reported.

  • 07/18/97 ARIZONA: Tobacco Tax Referendum Legal Arizona Republic
      A referendum aimed at preventing the Legislature from spending $14.8 million in tobacco-tax revenues on a new state health laboratory is legal and can proceed, Attorney General Grant Woods said in an opinion issued Thursday. Organizers of "Stop the Raid on the Tobacco Tax" submitted 85,000 signatures to the Secretary of State's Office last month to place the issue on the November 1998 ballot. If at least 56,481 of the signatures are valid, the expenditure of the money will be blocked until the election.

  • 07/19/97 BUSINESS: Overseas Sales Boost for PHILIP MORRIS Richmond Times-Dispatch
      Philip Morris' international tobacco unit is expected to remain the company's fastest-growing in terms of profit because of Chairman Geoffrey Bible's strategy to win more smokers in places such as Eastern Europe and Asia. The profit will help offset costs from a proposed $368.5 billion industry settlement that is moving through Congress. "They've got a good buffer. No matter how badly things go in the United States, international sales will carry them along," said Allan Kaplan, a tobacco analyst at Merrill Lynch & Co.

  • 07/21/97 BUSINESS: Deciding on a "Responsible" Fund Seattle Post-Intelligencer
      Even if you can agree with a particular fund on what's good and bad, the marketplace's interconnectedness makes it difficult to keep your money completely out of the hands of companies with which you don't agree. While a socially responsible fund might avoid tobacco manufacturers, for example, somewhere in its portfolio is probably a retailer that sells tobacco products, or a paper supplier to a tobacco manufacturer, or an advertising agency that helps pitch tobacco to consumers.

  • 07/22/97 Your Personality May Be Killing You Washington Post
      One way that personality can affect health is through unhealthful habits. The most obvious examples are smoking cigarettes or consuming large amounts of alcohol -- behaviors that have been shown to be more prevalent among people with certain personality types, said psychologist Ilene C. Siegler of the Duke University Medical Center. In one study, for example, researchers gave personality tests to 7,038 men and women while they were enrolled at the University of North Carolina in the 1960s. A follow-up study led by Siegler and Duke University physician Redford B. Williams, published five years ago, found that students who had scored high on the psychological trait of "hostility" in the 1960s were much more likely, decades later, to smoke cigarettes and have diets that led them to be overweight and have unhealthy cholesterol levels, all factors predictive of early death.

  • 07/22/97 PEOPLE: CHARLEY SHEEN: Who's Pitching JAPAN Products? AP Washington Post
      In Japan, few things sell a product's image better than a solid endorsement from a big-name foreign celebrity. Try to guess which stars have pitched these products: . . . 3. Women's shoes, cigarettes [Answer: CS]

  • 07/20/97 PEOPLE: LIZA MINELLI to Quit Smoking? LA Times
      "I'm doing OK," she adds. "Addictions run in families. They've proven it. Anybody who comes from an alcoholic family should congratulate themselves every day. I'm doing fine, thank you. . . ." She stops, lights a cigarette and grimaces. "I do know I'm starting the [nicotine] patch tomorrow. I'm not looking forward to that."

  • 07/22/97 LETTERS: GALLEGOS' Record MARTIN GALLEGOS D-Baldwin Park responds to LA Times Editorial
      My voting record shows that I have consistently voted in favor of measures that protect individuals from the negative effects of tobacco products.

  • 07/21/97 Tobacco Cos Giving Heavily to GOP--$100G in June AP Washington Post
      The Republican Party received $100,000 donations last month from tobacco giants Philip Morris and R.J. Reynolds, which are lobbying for Congress to accept a huge settlement against cigarette-makers. A report to the Federal Election Commission shows that each company gave $100,000 in "soft-money" donations in June. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. gave $15,000.

  • 07/21/97 FDA: Tobacco Wins Ability to Argue 95 Minutes in Aug. 11 Supreme Court Date
      Those on the other side -- including the leading cigarette makers, retailers and advertisers -- have sought an unprecedented 95 minutes for each side to make its case. . . So what's expected to be an SRO crowd in the courthouse in Warm Springs, Va., will be treated to three hours and 10 minutes of oral argument.

  • 07/21/97 The Return of BUTT-MAN The Reliable Source, Washington Post
      As if Big Tobacco isn't enough of a political whipping boy these days, Butt-man is loitering around the halls of Congress again, hacking and wheezing and trying to persuade House members to tack a big cigarette tax onto the pending budget.

  • 07/21/97 A Revolving Door Where Lobbying Rules Don't Apply Haley Barbour political activities examined. Washington Post
      Former Republican National Committee chairman Haley Barbour typifies a Washington breed: the exalted party operative who moves easily between traditional political or fund-raising roles and lobbying, consulting and business initiatives for himself. During his tenure at the RNC, Barbour raised millions of dollars for the party from tobacco, gambling, pharmaceutical, telecommunications and other interests. At the same time, he was meeting with House and Senate GOP leaders in legislative strategy sessions that affected some of those same interests. Barbour's work for the RNC gave him access to an elite circle of corporate executives, wealthy Republican fund-raisers and GOP donors. Some of these same individuals later hired Barbour to lobby for them after he left the RNC. If he were a member of Congress or a high executive branch official, Barbour would have been prohibited from lobbying his former colleagues so soon after leaving government service. But for political operatives, the "revolving door" rules on political lobbying do not apply. During Barbour's chairmanship of the RNC, for example, tobacco companies contributed millions of dollars to the GOP. At the same time, Barbour intervened with state officials on the companies' behalf regarding tobacco legislation. In the spring of 1995, for instance, Barbour placed a call to the speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives, a Republican, to urge him to release a pro-tobacco bill that the speaker was holding up. The speaker refused. After he left the RNC, Barbour's contacts with the tobacco companies stood him in good stead. He signed up four of them as lobbying clients.

  • 07/20/97 COSTA RICA Plans to Take on Tobacco Giants Reuters
      Tiny Costa Rica is planning to demand millions of dollars in compensation from big tobacco companies for the cost of treating smoking-related diseases, an official said Sunday. One of the demands is expected to be made before year-end and will cover the cost to Costa Rica's state social security system over the past decade, medical director Julieta Rodriguez told reporters. She said claims would be made against the Republic Tobacco Co., a unit of British-American Tobacco Ltd., and Costa Rica's Tabacalera, a unit of Philip Morris Cos. Inc.

  • 07/21/97 SANTA CRUZ DO SUL: Tobacco Cos Regroup in a Small BRAZILIAN Town The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Only a few blocks from the leafy beer gardens and cobbled walkways favored by tourists, multinational tobacco companies are investing hundreds of millions of dollars to expand what is already the continent's largest tobacco-leaf export center. In January, B.A.T Industries PLC's Souza Cruz unit opened an $80 million processing plant with an annual capacity of 120,000 tons, greater than that of any other facility in the world, the company says. Just down the road, Philip Morris Cos. is working on its own $220 million expansion. And Universal Leaf Tobacco Co. is gearing up a $30 million investment program. . . "Seventy percent of the economy is tobacco, and there is tremendous loyalty to the industry for having elevated us, in a sense, out of the developing world," says Fernando Kothe, the city's industrial-development director.

  • 07/21/97 UK: BUSINESS: IMPERIAL, GALLAHER Shares Rise Reuters

  • 07/21/97 AUSTRALIA: Anti-Child Smoking Laws Take a Holiday The Age
      In the seven years since the minimum age of cigarette buyers was raised to 18, there had been only two prosecutions . . . Ms Stillman said the legislation was a "toothless tiger" . . . Rothmans of Pall Mall, which introduced the small packets of Holiday, denied they were aimed at children. A company spokesman . . . said company research showed smokers of Holiday - usually sold in packs of 50 - were aged 35 to 40 and the new packs gave them more choice. But Professor Robert Burton of the Anti-Cancer Council said they were aimed at children. . . "It's a cynical, diabolic and lethal blow. These cigarettes are accessible, concealable and cheap," Professor Burton said.

  • 07/23/97 Advanced Tobacco Announces Nicotine PDT in NETHERLANDS Dow Jones (pay registration)
  • 07/22/97 ADVANCED THERAPEUTICS Announces Launch of Nicotine Inhaler in THE NETHERLANDS PR Newswire
      Advanced Therapeutic Products, Inc. (ATP) (OTC Bulletin Board: AVTH) announced that Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc. (NYSE: PNU), the world leader in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), has launched the nicotine Inhaler as a prescription product in the Netherlands. The Netherlands launch is the fourth in a series of worldwide product launches. In 1987, ATP sold their patented nicotine technology, which forms the basis of the Inhaler, to what is now Pharmacia & Upjohn, in exchange for product payments equal to approximately 3% of net sales to wholesale distributors.

  • 07/22/97 INDONESIA: Cigarettes' Gains Boost Shares

  • 07/21/97 NEW YORK: NASSAU COUNTY: Snuffed Out? NY Newsday
      When a federal judge snuffed out the Nassau County Board of Health's ban on smoking in public places, Republican legislators quickly proposed an aggressive plan they hailed as the toughest in the state. But several weeks later, the Republican-proposed anti-smoking law seems to have lost its fire. Republican leaders say they are fine-tuning the legislation and are in no hurry to rush through a weak bill that could be easily challenged in court. . . The Democrats, however, think the Republicans are trying to butt-out on a sensitive issue and don't want to fan the flames during an election year.

  • 07/23/97 University of California Admits Endorsing Faculty Use of University Funds For Lobbying and Personal Activities Taxpayer Lawsuit to Proceed. LA Times
      In a surprise acknowledgment in Superior Court this morning, the University of California said it endorses Professor Stanton Glantz's use of public tax dollars for lobbying, grass roots lobbying and personal political activities. Courts have held that such activities violate California law. The acknowledgement came as the court declined to grant a motion by Californians for Scientific Integrity (CSI), a taxpayer group, to enjoin the University from destroying documents relating to Glantz's activities. CSI will now notify the University and other defendants that it would be a violation of civil and criminal law to destroy any documents related to the pending court action and will begin the process of subpoenaing records. Ronald A. Zumbrun, attorney for CSI, said, "The admission crystallizes the taxpayers' case. This case is no longer just about the improper activities of a professor. It is now clear that the University embraces the use of tax money for lobbying and other private political activities, and even rewards it." Zumbrun pointed out the argument of University of California Attorney Christopher Patti, in which Patti said that the University gave Glantz a public service award for these activities.
  • 07/23/97 Pro-Tobacco Groups Step Up Attack on Long-Time Foe GLANTZ The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      This month a new citizens group funded primarily by the tobacco industry filed a suit charging that Dr. Glantz committed scientific misconduct in an influential study that has caused an uproar among cigarette makers. The study, funded by the state of California, concluded that smoking bans in 15 communities produced no adverse economic impact on restaurants. The group, Californians for Scientific Integrity, is accusing Dr. Glantz . . . of skewing data in the 1994 study. Its suit contends that public funds were misused in supporting the study and names the University of California and California's departments of health and education as defendants. A hearing on the suit is scheduled Wednesday in state superior court in Sacramento.

  • 07/22/97 Industry Chose Cream of Crop at Law School Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel
      It is not coincidence that, decades ago, tobacco executives made a very conscious -- and from a business standpoint, very wise -- decision to hire the brightest army of lawyers they could find. When Florida becomes the first state in the country to take its lawsuit against the industry to trial on Aug. 1, tobacco will be ready. "There's no substitute for good legal help," said R. Dal Burton, an R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. attorney in Atlanta. . . . "They are the best money can buy," said Bob Montgomery, a West Palm Beach attorney and a member of the state's team . . . "They are absolutely peerless. They will whip your butt."

  • 07/23/97 Tobacco Industry Hit with NC Suit Winston-Salem Journal
      A Wake County resident is doing what Attorney General Mike Easley declined to do: sue the tobacco industry on behalf of taxpayers to get back money spent on tobacco illnesses. Delisa Wood's lawsuit was filed in Wake Superior Court on Friday. It seeks class-action status with a slim-downed version of the suits filed by 40 state attorneys general against the industry.

  • 07/23/97 MASSACHUSETTS: Tobacco Divestiture Bill Clears House AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      The Massachusetts House of Representatives Monday approved legislation that would force the state's pension system to divest itself of $193 million in tobacco stocks. The bill now moves to the state Senate; approval there would send it to the desk of Gov. William Weld. The bill, which passed the House by voice vote, would forbid any new investment by the $20 billion Massachusetts Pension Reserves Investment Management Trust in companies that derive 15% or more of their revenue from the sale of tobacco products, and give the system three years to dump its current tobacco holdings. Both a social and fiduciary case can be made against tobacco, argues Rep. John Bussinger, who sponsored the bill.

  • 07/23/97 UK: Doctors Know that Playing God Goes with the Job; on Requiring Cessation Before Surgery London Independent
      A related row erupted in 1993 over the case of Harry Elphick, a 47-year- old smoker who was told by consultants at Wythenshawe hospital, Manchester, that they would not conduct a test to determine whether he needed heart surgery unless he quit his 25-a-day habit. He reluctantly complied but died before he could see doctors again. Such cases have worried the profession. A BMA survey in 1993 found that one in four junior doctors said smokers and drinkers should get lower priority for treatment, prompting the association to warn doctors not to deny patients treatment solely because of their lifestyle, and to resist pressure to treat "low risk, high benefit" patients to obtain the best value for money. The only consideration for the doctor should be whether the patient was likely to benefit from the treatment, it said. The BMA is right to insist that doctors strive to ensure that patients are in the best condition to obtain the maximum benefit from treatment. On that basis, doctors have successfully argued that social issues such as smoking are indistinguishable from medical ones. When resources are limited it is also right that they should choose who is to be treated (or how soon) on the basis of clinical need and the chances of success.

  • 07/23/97 BAT Industries Plc Ratings Remain on S&P Watch, Negative LA Times
  • 07/24/97 MOODY's To Downgrade BAT? Times of London
  • 07/23/97 BAT Industries Agrees to Buy Biggest MEXICAN Cigarette Maker Bloomberg/Winston-Salem Journal

  • 07/23/97 FLORIDA AGRICULTURE: Average Tobacco Market Opening UPI
      The Farmer's Tobacco Warehouse in Live Oak, Fla., reports growers are being offered about the same prices they were getting last year, but the cost of growing tobacco has increased as much as 20 percent.
  • 07/23/97 Tobacco Growers Uneasy as Auction Begins AP/Miami Herald
      "It's disappointing that our governor has jumped on the industry the way he has," Suwannee County grower Jack Flowers said. . . For Flowers, reached after opening-day sales at Farmers Tobacco Warehouse in Live Oak, the threat is clear: "If I couldn't grow tobacco, I would have to sell my farm." As one of just 300 Florida tobacco growers, who has quit smoking himself, he said, "I don't expect anyone to smoke. That's their choice."

  • 07/23/97 GEORGIA AGRICULTURE: Tobacco Market Opens with Positive Air GA Dept. of Ag PR Newswire
      After touring the Douglas, Nashville and Moultrie Markets Tuesday, Commissioner Irvin said the market is doing well. Last year's tobacco crop was over the allotted amount, and farmers sold the stored crop in the $1.80 - $1.85 a pound range. Off to a good start, the new tobacco is selling for about $1.50 - $1.60 a pound.

  • 07/23/97 BUSINESS: FORTUNE BRANDS Expects Loss Due to Restructuring The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Fortune Brands Inc., formerly American Brands Inc., said it expects to report Wednesday a second-quarter loss, mainly due to a big restructuring charge and a spinoff, but that the results will be in line with analysts' expectations. The company's profit from continuing operations, excluding the charge, jumped about 25% on the strength of improved sales and pricing as well as lower operating and interest expenses.

  • 07/23/97 PHILIP MORRIS Tobacco Breaks 50% in US Ad Age
      Philip Morris Cos., in announcing its second quarter earnings today, said its share of the U.S. tobacco category for the first time has cracked the 50% mark. Citing ACNielsen Corp. figures, PM said 51.1% of cigarettes sold in the second quarter ended June 30 were PM brands, a jump of 1.5 share points from the year-ago period. Still citing Nielsen figures, PM said Marlboro, the driver of its share growth, attained a 35.2% share for the quarter, up 1.8 points.

  • 07/22/97 FDA Approval Proces Faces Challenge in New Senate Bill Finding The Proper Balance Between Protecting And Overburdening Americans Is At The Heart Of Renewed Debate Over The Agency's Mission. Very little on tobacco. LA Times

  • 07/22/97 CIg Taxes Force Smokers to Cross Borders in Search of Deals Detroit News' butchered version of the Dallas Morning News item.

  • 07/22/97 KENTUCKY: RUPP Arena Bans Smoking in Public Areas Lexington Herald Leader
      Starting this fall, smokers at UK basketball games and other events in Rupp will be able to light up only in a few separately ventilated smoking areas, Minter said.

  • 07/22/97 CALIFORNIA: WILSON Backs Tobacco Bill if Stores not Targeted SF Examiner
      Governor Pete Wilson will sign legislation allowing Californians to sue tobacco companies for product liability if retailers and distributors cannot be included as defendants, his office said yesterday.
  • 07/22/97 WILSON Seeks Change in Tobacco Bill LA Times

  • 07/22/97 Web of Deceit B&W's Circuit Breaker, revisited. PC World
      Among Circuit Breaker's many links were a few simple interactive games. To play, you had to supply a little information about yourself. Name. (Sure.) E-mail address. (Why not?) Are you 21? (Hmm.) Do you smoke? (Hey, what's going on here?) Circuit Breaker turned out to be sponsored by the Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation--the company that brings you Lucky Strike cigarettes. Nowhere on the site was this information disclosed. (The company's name is now displayed, but you will find no mention of Lucky Strike.) . . . Everywhere you go on the Web, you will find marketers lurking. Some disguise their efforts as innocent entertainment sites. Some are cementing influential partnerships with media groups you trust, the better to sell you their wares. And most are using the unique interactive ability of the Web to gather information about you even as they try to sell you goods and services.

  • 07/22/97 ADVERTISING: CIGAR Campaign Looks to Be a Winner The New York Times
      As the white-hot premium cigar industry enters a shakeout period, H. Upmann, Consolidated Cigar Corp.'s flagship premium cigar, is beginning a multimillion-dollar ad campaign intended to make sure it emerges a winner. . . To achieve its goal, Consolidated Cigar, a unit of MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings, called upon Peter Lubalin, creative partner of Leibler-Bronfman Lubalin, New York. Last year he developed a campaign for Chairman's Reserve, H. Upmann's most expensive cigar, which was originally custom-blended for Ronald O. Perelman, who owned Consolidated Cigar before taking it public in 1996. Lubalin, former co-creative director at TBWA and one of the masterminds behind the Absolut vodka campaign that is legendary on Madison Avenue, has developed a characteristic program for H. Upmann. Similar to the Absolut campaign, print ads that rely on the brand's name and unexpected visual puns to reinforce its identity, the H. Upmann campaign, also print, recounts stories of "one-Upmannship," all based on real events. This term was coined for Consolidated Cigar in the mid-1980s by a previous agency.

  • 07/24/97 OSDENE: PHILIP MORRIS Opposed Witness' Taking of Fifth St. Paul Pioneer Press
      The transcript of a May 6 closed-court hearing in St. Paul reveals that Philip Morris disagreed with Osdene's decision to invoke the Fifth Amendment. "His assertion of the Fifth Amendment is contrary to the desires of Philip Morris," Maurice Leiter, an outside counsel for the company, told Ramsey County District Judge Kenneth Fitzpatrick during the in-chambers discussion in May. . . "We did not want him to take the Fifth," Leiter told the judge. "We are not pleased with the fact that he took the Fifth Amendment. We urged him to testify completely and truthfully." Leiter said news of Osdene's refusal to testify "would generate an extraordinary amount of press . . . very unfavorable and unfair to the company," according to the transcript.

  • 07/24/97 Ban Sought on Tobacco Trade Help; Worldwide Tobacco Disclosure Act Proposed Chicago Tribune
      Sen. Dick Durbin and three other northern Democratic senators Wednesday proposed barring the U.S. government from helping promote the sale of American tobacco products abroad. Advancing what is likely to be an issue in the proposed tobacco settlement, Durbin (D-Ill.) said the proposed Worldwide Tobacco Disclosure Act would prevent U.S. trade officials from helping cigarette companies increase their sales abroad. The measure also would require that cigarette packages exported from the U.S. to other countries carry U.S. warning labels, unless foreign labels are stronger.
    Here's Ron Wyden's Worldwide Tobacco Disclosure Act Page and his Letter to Daschle and Lott urging adoption of World Health Organization recommendations for remedies to the growth of tobacco abroad.
  • 07/23/97 Senators Target Cig Exports AP Washington Post
      Anti-tobacco senators are targeting U.S. cigarette exports with legislation to outlaw trade negotiations that weaken foreign tobacco curbs and to make sure smokers abroad get the same health warnings as Americans. The bill, being introduced today, would forbid a repeat of 1988 trade negotiations with South Korea. Under the threat of sanctions, South Korea ultimately agreed to eliminate its ban on tobacco advertising -- and by 1993, U.S. cigarette imports had increased by 1,000 percent, said Sen. Frank Lautenberg, D-N.J. Without restrictions, "our government will be contributing to what will be a health crisis in the next century" worldwide, Lautenberg and Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., wrote U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky on Tuesday.
  • 07/24/97 News Conference with Senator Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ), Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Senator Richard J. Durbin (D-IL), and Representative Lloyd Doggett (D-TX) Subject: Worldwide Tobacco Disclosure Act of 1997 Senate Radio and Television Gallery the U.S. Capitol Washington, Dc 12:04 P.M. Edt Wednesday, July 23, 1997 Federal News Service

  • 07/24/97 Anti-Tobacco Forces Suffer 2 Losses in Senate Reuters
  • 07/24/97 Senators Turn Back Tobacco Moves AP/Boston Globe
      In an early skirmish on tobacco, the Senate rejected an effort yesterday to end crop insurance for tobacco growers, and refused to boost money for a campaign to prevent teen-agers from buying cigarettes. The struggle could foreshadow tobacco interests that will compete if the $368 billion settlement of health lawsuits against cigarette companies reaches Congress this year.
  • 07/24/97 Ethanol Blends with Tobacco in US Senate Reuters
      Senator Jesse Helms on Wednesday turned the tables on antismoking activists in the U.S. Senate, proposing higher fuel taxes on ethanol to help pay for federal antismoking programs.
  • 07/23/97 Senator: Tobacco Lobby Targeted Minors Law Philadelphia Inquirer
      Sen. Frank R. Lautenberg (D., N.J.) yesterday accused the industry of working behind the scenes to cut funding for enforcement of a federal law banning sale of tobacco products to minors. Lautenberg noted that the Senate Appropriations Committee had cut about $29 million earmarked for the enforcement and said that industry lobbyists were responsible. He said that the remaining $5 million was not enough.
  • 07/23/97 US Senate Rejects Assessment for Smoker ID Check Reuters
      The U.S. Senate, in its third vote of the day on tobacco, rejected on Wednesday a proposal to pay for identification checks on youthful smokers through an assessment on raw tobacco sales. Tobacco companies would have been tagged with the 1.1 percent assessment on purchases. It would be on top of an existing one percent assessment to defray the federal deficit. Senators rejected the proposal from Iowa Democrat Tom Harkin, 52-48. Harkin said the assessment was a justified way to pay for the ID checks. Budget constraints prevented the Appropriations Committee from providing the $34 million needed to pay for the state-run checks of cigarette buyers.
  • 07/24/97 Senators' Floor Vote on Tobacco Subsidized crop insurance stays, teen smoking prevention funds go. AP Washington Post
      Confronted with the contradictions in government policy toward tobacco, the Senate opted to retain subsidies for growers in a vote that could foreshadow the battle over the proposed settlement with major tobacco companies. Senators kept alive taxpayer-subsidized crop insurance for tobacco growers Wednesday and refused to increase spending sought by President Clinton to enforce a crackdown on illegal purchases of cigarettes by teen-agers. . . But the Senate voted 53-47 against an amendment to end crop insurance subsidies for tobacco and voted 52-48 against a move to increase funding for the teen smoking prevention program. The action came during debate on a $49.6 billion spending bill for the Agriculture Department and related agencies for fiscal 1998.
  • 07/24/97 Senate Keeps Tobacco Crop Insurance AP Washington Post
  • 07/23/97 US Senate Retains Crop Insurance for Tobacco Reuters
      The U.S. Senate defeated, 53-47, an amendment on Wednesday to ban crop insurance for tobacco growers. Opponents said the ban, proposed by Senator Dick Durbin, an Illinois Democrat, would hurt farmers but do nothing for Durbin's longtime goal to reducing tobacco use.
  • 07/24/97 KENTUCKY: Tobacco Crop Insurance May Rise Lexington Herald Leader
      The tobacco crop insurance program, which survived a legislative attack in Congress yesterday, will probably be more heavily used in Kentucky this year. Claims for tobacco crop losses are expected to increase because of the poor weather that has marked the growing season, said Bob Finch, a Farm Services Agency spokesman in Kentucky. Increased payments could fuel criticism of the program.
  • 07/23/97 Partisan Fight Snarls US House on Ag Funding Bill Reuters
      Short-tempered Republicans and Democrats in the U.S. House threatened another round of acrimony in a row that prevented any votes on a $49.6 billion agriculture spending bill Tuesday. In an attempt to break the impasse, the Republican-run Rules Committee approved debate guidelines that would limit debate on amendments to 10 minutes in most cases and 30 minutes on proposals to curtail sugar, tobacco and peanut supports. Those amendments could be called on Wednesday.

  • 07/24/97 Tobacco Tax May Not Go to Child Health--Senators Reuters
      Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah and Rep. Nancy Johnson of Connecticut, both Republicans, and Sen. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts, a Democrat, told a news conference that although the tax plan is still in flux, it appears that the latest Republican proposal is to raise cigarette taxes but not use the money for the intended purpose of expanding health care for children. . . Johnson released an angry letter she sent to House Speaker Newt Gingrich and other House leaders. She said it was "outrageous" and out of step with rank-and-file Republicans to keep the tax but not use it for child health.
  • 07/24/97 CLINTON Seeks 20-cent Cig Levy Hike LA Times
      Stepping into the House-Senate budget debate, President Clinton pushed hard Wednesday for a 20-cent-a-pack hike in the cigarette tax as a way to finance children's health care and discourage young people from smoking. The president's remarks, made at a White House ceremony highlighting progress in immunizing children, were designed to put pressure on House negotiators who have not yet endorsed the Senate-backed increase in the cigarette levy. . . "By raising the price of cigarettes, it will discourage children from starting to smoke in the first place. It is the right thing to do," Clinton declared.
  • 07/23/97 Senate Leader LOTT Says BUDGET is Doomed; CLINTON Supports Tobacco Tax AP Washington Post
      Clinton said using the tobacco tax to finance expanded health insurance for children "is the right thing to do" and added, "I regret that some now believe that they (Republicans) should back away from it. It would be a mistake. I intend to fight for that money in the budget and fight for our children."
  • 07/23/97 GOP Reaches Agreement on Tax Cut AP Washington Post
      After two days of closed door meetings, Republicans agreed to a unified position on a $135 billion tax cut proposal, setting the stage for detailed negotiations with the White House. . . As a preliminary matter, House Republicans also reached "an agreement in principle" to back a tobacco tax increase if needed so the GOP can meet a target of $85 billion net tax cut over five years, a senior staff member in the talks said. No further details were immediately available, and other sources emphasized the understanding was tentative. That tobacco tax decision would occur after tax experts crank up their computers Tuesday evening to calculate the net tax cut that would result from the agreements reached during the day. "We have to add up and see where we are with all of the decisions," a senior Senate aide said, speaking on background.
  • 07/23/97 Republicans Mull Dropping of Cigarette Tax Increase The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Republicans are considering dropping a Senate proposal to boost cigarette taxes by 20 cents per pack if they determine they don't need the additional revenue to pay for other tax cuts. "We'll have to see what we need," said Sen. Don Nickles, R-Okla . . . "We have to add it all up."
  • 07/23/97 Package of Tax Cuts Nears Final Wrap Up; Compromise on Cig Tax? Washington Post
      Republican negotiators were still at odds over a Senate proposal to raise the cigarette tax by 20 cents per pack. However, Senate and House Republicans said last night that there was almost certain to be a compromise cigarette tax increase included in the overall plan. House Republicans had indicated they might go along with a cigarette tax hike, but only if it were not used to finance additional spending. Senate conferees are pushing to use some of the tobacco tax revenue to finance increases for children's health programs.

  • 07/24/97 Prepared Statement by General Barry R. Mccaffrey Director, Office of National Drug Control Policy before the Senate Judiciary Committee Wednesday, July 23, 1997 Federal drug strategy testimony. Federal News Service

  • 07/24/97 NEW YORK AG VACCO Blasts Cigarette Ads Reuters
      Dennis Vacco Thursday called on Reynolds Tobacco to drop its sexy new advertising campaign for Camel cigarettes and urged Philip Morris to stop using the "Marlboro Man" in its advertising. . . Vacco . . . said the new campaign was aimed at "seducing new smokers" and that it "flies in the face" of the national settlement. "If your objective in killing Joe Camel was to show good faith, you missed the mark entirely," he said in a letter sent to Steven Goldstone, chairman of RJR Nabisco Holdings Corp., parent of Reynolds Tobacco Co. Vacco also wrote to Geoffrey Bible, chief executive of Philip Morris Cos. Inc., which makes Marlboro cigarettes. "While Joe Camel received much more media attention for being especially attractive to young people, clearly the Marlboro Man is much more aggressively used as a marekting tool," Vacco wrote. He said that if Philip Morris would stop using the figure, "That would be a substantive, and immediate, way to show your good faith in your expressed commitment to curb teen smoking."

  • 07/24/97 MARYLAND: Smoking in School Results in Health Hazard Citation Washington Post
      An Ellicott City high school has become the first in Maryland to be cited for failing to prevent smoking in the workplace after a Howard County teacher complained that cigarette smoke in student bathrooms posed a health risk to employees. The Maryland Occupational Safety and Health Administration issued Centennial High School a citation for a "serious" violation of state laws that require employers to ensure a smoke-free working environment. The school was not fined but must submit in writing by Aug. 3 details of how it will correct the problem. Daniel Doyle, who teaches workplace skills at Centennial, said he filed complaints in April and May after his nonsmoking students stopped using campus bathrooms between classes and a fellow teacher asked to switch classrooms to be farther from the wafting smoke.

  • 07/24/97 MINNESOTA: Smoking Ban Proposed for Stillwater Center Grounds St. Paul Pioneer Press
      County Commissioner Mary Hauser asked the county board Tuesday to consider imposing a smoking ban on the [Washington County] government center grounds in Stillwater. "Now we have kids and mothers-to-be having to run a gantlet of smokers at the entrances to the building," Hauser said. "Nobody should have to be subjected to secondhand smoke anywhere." Commissioners agreed to put the proposal on a future board agenda. The board also voted 5-0 to adopt a resolution criticizing the proposed national settlement of a lawsuit with the tobacco industry -- for not going far enough.

  • 07/24/97 SOUTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE: Are Tobacco Auctions Doomed? AP Washington Post
      "I think they (tobacco companies) will go to a contract with the farmer and do away with the warehouse," said Al Brown, an operator of Brown Bros. Tobacco Warehouse. "It will be like produce or anything else."

  • 07/24/97 OPINION: Roundhead Redux Fay Weldon, The New York Times
      To ban or not to ban? Hardly a question at all in today's new Cromwellian Britain, not when it comes to fox hunting. Or smoking. Or "selection" in schools. Or single stay-at-home mothers. Banned they will be. The people want it so; it shall be so. . . Three and a half centuries ago Cromwell banned Maypoles, theaters and bright clothes as overheating to the public imagination. The times go full circle, and now the puritans are back.

  • 07/25/97 BUDGET: Lawmakers Object to Ommission of Tobacco Tax The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      A group of Senate and House lawmakers demanded Thursday that Republicans restore to their comprehensive tax bill a 20-cent per pack cigarette tax to buy health care coverage for more uninsured children. . . Sens. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, and Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., and Rep. Nancy Johnson, R-Conn., denounced the GOP's stance on new cigarette taxes, saying it threatens favorable action by Congress on the entire package.
  • 07/25/97 Push is on to Restore Cig Tax AP/Boston Globe
  • 07/25/97 In Tax Talks, Officials Play Game of Cat and Mouse The New York Times
      House Republicans said on Thursday that they might soften their opposition to the tobacco tax, but said they would not want the proceeds to go to children's health or any other spending program. Democrats and some Senate Republicans said that removing the additional financing for children's health would seriously reduce the chances of any tax bill winning Democratic support. One consideration, members of both parties said, is moving the cigarette tax into the spending bill to link it more closely to the children's health issue and remove it as a point of contention in the tax bill.
  • 07/24/97 GOP Takes Hard Line on Scope of Tax Cuts; Cigarette Tax Pulled off Table Washington Times
  • 07/25/97 EDITORIAL: The House and the Tobacco Tax Washington Post
      If the choice is children's health vs. politicians' health, thus narrowly defined, perhaps the children should look elsewhere. . . The budget process is often pretty murky, but every once in awhile it produces a moment of clarity, a clear test of the members' priorities. This is one of those moments. The House Republicans are on the wrong side.

  • 07/25/97 HOUSE Defeats Tobacco Measures Boston Globe
  • 07/25/97 Tobacco Firms Win in HOUSE; Subsidy Cuts, Youth Plan Fail Boston Globe
  • 07/25/97 House Defeats Tobacco Measures Reuters
  • 07/25/97 Tobacco Beats House Attack Winston-Salem Journal
  • 07/25/97 Tobacco Foes Lose House Vote Crop Insurance Funds Survive Challenge. Richmond Times-Dispatch
      The House also voted yesterday against raising from $24 million to $34 million -- the sum sought by the Clinton administration -- the spending level for Food and Drug Administration enforcement of its program to fight teen smoking.
  • 07/24/97 House Defeats 2 Anti-Tobacco Measures; Pact is Criticized Reuters
      One House proposal would have eliminated subsidized crop insurance for tobacco farmers and the other would have taken $14 million out of the crop insurance program and given it to the Food and Drug Administration to enforce its new rules against teen smoking.
  • 07/24/97 US HOUSE Keeps Crop Insurance Reuters
      The U.S. House echoed a Senate vote by refusing on Thursday to ban federally subsidized crop insurance for tobacco. Representatives rejected the idea, 209-216

  • 07/25/97 CHINA: "Disaster" Looming as Smoking Takes its Toll Reuters/South China Morning Post
      "The biggest preventable cause of death in China is smoking," said Dr Roderick Gee, World Health Organisation (WHO) representative in China. More than 300 million Chinese smoked and the number was growing by three million a year. Deaths from smoking would rise from 500,000 to two million a year by 2025, Mr Gee added. "Disaster is approaching," he said. "With the present rates of smoking in China, 50 million of today's children will die prematurely of tobacco-related diseases."

  • 07/25/97 MARYLAND Grocer Nixes Beer, Cigarettes, Loses Customers AP Washington Post
      Lenzlea Mosby Jr. stopped selling beer and cigarettes at his grocery store for the good of his customers. . . Beer, wine and especially cigarettes accounted for half the sales at Mosby's Grocery Mart, a brown-brick, corner store he has run for 35 years in a mostly poor, black neighborhood. People came from all over for his smokes, which were cheaper than sold at other stores in this blue-collar town of 35,000. But then Mosby got stabbed. He survived, but only after three operations -- and a change of heart. It happened when a doctor told him that he would not have survived the operations if he had smoked. "When I came back to the store, I felt guilty when I sold a pack of cigarettes," he said. "I didn't want to be the cause of any more young people starting to smoke." Mosby said he expected to lose business, but not this much. Sales are down 75 percent.
    Here's the article at the Boston Globe

  • 07/25/97 NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE: BLUE MOLD Damages Tobacco Crop Reuters
      Blue mold fungus is sweeping through North Carolina tobacco fields, affecting as much as half of the state's multi-million dollar burley crop. Buncombe County Agricultural Agent Steve Duckett in Asheville says 50 percent of the state's burley tobacco crop has been infected with the fungus caused by too much moisture. North Carolina, which already received excess rain during this year's growing season, was inundated by heavy downpours as the remnants of what once was Hurricane Danny moved slowly over the state this week.

  • 07/25/97 WISCONSIN: Dems Offer Modified Budget Plan St. Paul Pioneer Press
      The new version would increase the cigarette tax by 19 cents a pack. An earlier Democratic proposal would increase it by 26 cents a pack. Republicans propose a hike of 15 cents. The state tax is currently 44 cents a pack.

  • 07/25/97 DC: LATINO Festival Rejects Alcohol, Tobacco Ads Washington Post
      Saying they are putting the welfare of the community above the bottom line, organizers of this weekend's D.C. Latino Festival are eschewing sponsorship from alcoholic beverage and tobacco companies -- a stand that will put the group as much as $40,000 in the red. "This is for the good of the community," said Eduardo Perdomo, president of the festival. . . The Marlboro cigarette company offered to be a sponsor, and organizers turned it down, Perdomo said. The festival has about $20,000 in sponsorship money lined up and is currently running a $20,000 deficit, which could double by the end of the weekend, Perdomo said. "We hope a company or foundation will help us," he said. "Right now, we don't know how we'll pay for" the festival.
    Here's the Washington Post story on Latino Festival: A Celebration of Sights and Sounds

  • 07/25/97 BUSINESS: BAT H1 Focus Will Be on Litigation Reuters

  • 07/25/97 BUSINESS: UST Develops New Strategies After Net Falls 2% in Quarter The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)

    • 07/24/97 UST Unit Launches Marketing, Sales Plan Reuters
        UST Inc said that its subsidiary, United States Tobacco Co, has debuted a series of new marketing and sales initiatives intended to help address the competitive situation in the marketplace.
    • 07/24/97 BUSINESS: UST Announces Strategic Marketing Objectives UST PR Newswire
        Beginning late in the third quarter of 1997, USTC will test market "Red Seal," a price/value brand in natural and wintergreen flavors. This brand will be launched at a special introductory list price below current price/value brands and is designed to appeal to adult consumers in selected markets where price/value brands are showing increased acceptance. . . In addition, USTC is planning two special quarterly promotions during the remainder of 1997. One will commemorate the 175th anniversary of Copenhagen, the Company's flagship brand and will feature a series of special commemorative lids. The other will feature Skoal Wintergreen, the largest selling flavor in the Skoal family of products. Both of these promotions will feature special 4-can value packs which will reward the Company's loyal adult consumers by enabling them to purchase their favorite brands at a one-time reduced price.
    • 07/24/97 UST Releases Second Quarter Results, Declares Regular Quarterly Dividend And Announces New Marketing Initiatives UST PR Newswire

  • 07/25/97 TV: Emmy Awards The New York Times
    • 16. DIRECTING FOR A DRAMA SERIES: "ER: Union Station," NBC; "ER: Last Call," NBC; "ER: Fear of Flying," NBC; "NYPD Blue: Where's Swaldo?" ABC; "The X-Files: Musings of a Cigarette Smoking Man," Fox.
    • 60. CHILDREN'S PROGRAM: "About Us: The Dignity of Children," ABC; "How Do You Spell God?" HBO; "It Just Takes One," USA; "Smoke Alarm: The Unfiltered Truth About Cigarettes," HBO; "The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss," Nickelodeon.

  • 07/25/97 HUMOR: Notes From Nicotine Hell Repost of Susan Shapiro's "Funny Times" piece. Utne Reader
      Decide to go out and buy carrots, celery, gum, orange juice, fruit, sugar-free lollipops, and rice cakes. Eat them all by 11 a.m.Try to work. Instead take all-day nap. Have a drink later with old boyfriend Peter, who says, "Kissing a smoker is like licking a dirty ashtray," then drinks seven beers and a cognac and comes on to me. Actually consider it, but can't face sex without a cigarette later.

  • 07/28/97 CLINTON, GOP Near Tax Cut Accord AP Washington Post
      With Armey and the House's chief tax-writer, Rep. Bill Archer of Texas, joining Gingrich in support of the emerging plan, and Clinton showing the way for Democrats, passage seems all but assured in the House. The GOP high command is taking no chances though. Barring a last-minute change of heart, they've decided to take the controversial tobacco tax increase and insert it into the spending bill. This legislative sleight-of-hand is also designed to assure that virtually all Republicans can campaign for re-election next year having voted in favor of the measure.
  • 07/28/97 Details of Emerging Budget Package AP Washington Post
      TOBACCO TAXES: The current 24-cent-per-pack levy on cigarettes would increase by 10 cents in 2000 and an additional nickel in 2002. The Senate had proposed a 20-cent increase. Revenues raised would be deducted from whatever broad settlement is legislated with the tobacco industry.
  • 07/28/97 Each Side Gives Ground as Budget Deal Advances White House, GOP Eye Compromises Before Legislators Take August Recess. LA Times/St. Paul Pioneer Press
      Senate Budget Committee Chairman Pete Domenici, R-N.M., said on CBS-TV's "Face the Nation" that the final package would include an increase in the cigarette tax, although it was not immediately clear how much the tax would increase or whether it would be linked to financing a child-health initiative.
  • 07/28/97 BUDGET Negotiators Near Agreement. Boston Globe
      Negotiations were ready to resume Sunday evening, and some participants speculated that a deal might be announced as early as Monday. They also pointed toward a likely cigarette tax increase, a victory for Mr. Clinton and many senators of both parties
  • 07/28/97 Compromises on Taxes Put BUDGET Pact Close Washington Post
      A wild card in the talks is a proposal embraced by the White House and the Senate but opposed by House Republicans to raise the cigarette tax by 20 cents per pack. Clinton and Senate Republicans and Democrats favor using the increased tobacco tax revenue to expand health care to low-income children beyond the $16 billion already agreed to. The White House and the Senate have proposed spending an additional $8 billion on health using revenue from the cigarette tax.
  • 07/28/97 BUDGET Deal Down to "Small Issues," Gingrich Declares The New York Times
      And it seemed certain that the tax bill will contain an increase on cigarette taxes, likely an additional 20 cents on the current 25 cent per pack federal levy, and that most, if not all of it, would go toward health care for uninsured children. Even before Gingrich's rosy comments on Sunday night, Republicans had given clear signals of movement. Sen. Pete Domenici had conceded earlier in the day on the CBS News program "Face the Nation," that "It seems to me that we're going to have some cigarette tax." Lott also hinted at the cigarette tax increase during his appearance on the NBC News program "Meet the Press." But neither Domenici nor Lott would say whether the billions in revenue from such a tax increase would be used solely to provide health coverage for uninsured children from low-income families as the Administration had insisted.

  • 07/28/97 NEW YORK: Votes in Congress; How They Voted on Tobacco Crop Insurance Buffalo News
      Tobacco -- The Senate on Wednesday rejected, 53-47, an amendment that would end crop insurance subsidies to tobacco growers. D'Amato, N; Moynihan, Y. . . . Tobacco -- The House on Thursday rejected, 216-209, an amendment that would end crop insurance subsidies to tobacco growers. Houghton, N; LaFalce, Y; Quinn, Y; Paxon, N.

  • 07/28/97 UK: Drugs Part of Many Young Teenagers' Lives Electronic Telegraph
      The Schools Health Education Unit at Exeter University, which conducted the survey among 22,000 12- to 15-year-olds, says that it is particularly concerned about the increase in smoking. Among the 14- and 15-year-olds, 24.6 per cent of boys and 31.4 per cent of girls had smoked cigarettes in the week prior to answering the questions. That compares with 18.3 per cent of boys and 25.2 per cent of girls in 1986.

  • 07/28/97 UK: BRITISH AIR Battle on Duty-Free Front Electronic Telegraph
      A DUTY-free price war will be launched by British Airways tomorrow when it cuts the cost of in-flight goods by 10 per cent. The airline is taking on airport duty-free shops and Channel ferries with its latest offer, which will run throughout the peak summer season until Sept 15. BA says that with some prices already 30 per cent lower than those in high street shops, the discount means passengers can buy goods in-flight at up to half their normal UK price. . . . A packet of 200 cigarettes in-flight on BA costs £12.60

  • 07/28/97 WELD to Resign Nothing about tobacco, though resignation obviously affects passage of pension divestment bill (see below). Boston Globe
  • 07/27/97 MASSACHUSETTS: Anti-Tobacco Bill May Give WELD Chance to Please or Defy HELMS Boston Globe
      The state Senate is on the verge of approving a bill that bans public pension funds from holding stocks in tobacco companies, which are pushing hard to sidetrack the legislation. Weld must either sign the bill and give Helms, who represents tobacco-rich North Carolina, one more reason to disdain his nomination to be ambassador to Mexico or veto it and draw scorn from many quarters for trying to avoid annoying Helms.

  • 07/28/97 CALIFORNIA: Anti-Smoking Campaign among VIETNAMESE Men Lowers Smoking Rate, According to UCSF Study UCSF PR
      72.8 percent of all Vietnamese men smoke. "California has made good progress in lowering smoking rates among the general population," Jenkins said. "However, Vietnamese men living here smoke at twice the average rate for the state." The smoking rate among California's general adult population is 17 percent, much lower than the national rate of 25 percent.

  • 07/28/97 PUBLISHING: K-III to Sell NEW WOMAN Magazine to RODALE Press; Cig Ads Will Go--Rodale Dow Jones (pay registration)
      In a joint press release Monday, the companies said Rodale will publish New Woman beginning with the November issue. Beginning with the November issue, Rodale said New Woman will no longer accept cigarette or hard liquor advertising. Last year, this element of advertising accounted for less than 10% of New Woman's total advertising base.
  • 07/28/97 Rodale Press Agrees to Acquire NEW WOMAN Magazine from K-III K-III PR

  • 07/28/97 PUBLISHING: Alternative Weeklies Grab Young Readers' Attention The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Because of the print pipeline they offer to Generation X consumers, alternatives are starting to gain national advertising for liquor, tobacco and breath mints to supplement their local base.

  • 07/28/97 TV: Cigs, Dry Ice Smoke up X-FILES Party Vancouver Sun
      She has walked into the Hollywood dance zoo known as The Derby, a glorified jungle pit tucked away off Los Feliz Boulevard, to say hi to her good friend and mentor Chris Carter. . . Anderson slips through the crowd, for one oh-so-brief moment virtually unnoticed by the hundreds of sweaty, noisy, anxious TV critics, TV fans, TV actors, TV publicists, TV friends and assorted ringers, gate-crashers and non-descript hangers-on who have crammed themselves into a space no bigger than a peewee hockey rink. The tiny space is completely immersed in giant, noxious clouds of smoke -- cigarettes and dry ice: a lethal combination -- while a very big, very bad rock band called Big Bad Voodoo Daddy hammers away in the background with a hideous wailing. . . . In another corner of the smoke-choked lounge, The X-Files' Cigarette-Smoking Man, Bill Davis, flown down from Vancouver with Lone Gun Dean Haglund and Tom Braidwood especially for the event, is trying to look as inconspicuous as possible. "I hate smoke," one young woman says to him, clearly not recognizing him. "I'm sorry," Davis replies, deadpan, "you're talking to the wrong man."

  • 07/28/97 OPINION: Where There's Smoke, You'll Find a CIGAR Steve Twomey, Washington Post
      There were three spectators to my left, standing just off the green during the third round of the U.S. Open in Bethesda last month, twentyish guys wearing smugness as cologne and so self-consciously manipulating giant El Phallics, or whatever, that I almost laughed and ruined some hero's putt. Cigars were more common than sub-par rounds at Congressional, as if the male half of the world -- I saw no females packing heat, although I'm told the stogie trend has snared them, too -- had agreed that the Open was a red-meat moment, an occasion to yell, "You da man, Tiger!" while puffing manly counter-correctness. Afterward, I suspect, they went home and rotated tires and protected their women and children. In my teenage youth, I was an occasional cigar smoker, a fact my mother will learn for the first time when she reads this. . . I would fire up while working weekends as a copy boy at the Chicago Tribune, back when newsrooms had both smokers and copy boys, which would make it about 1156 A.D.

  • 07/27/97 An American Export: Tobacco Litigation Philadelphia Inquirer
      Tobacco suits are pending in the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Canada, Australia, Sweden, Ireland and Finland, according to London attorney Martyn Day and the Boston-based Tobacco Products Liability Project, a Northeastern University group encouraging such litigation. In Israel, according to the project, health authorities are considering a suit that . . . will look for recovery of state medical costs resulting from smoking-related illnesses.

  • 07/27/97 MINNESOTA Wants Peek at Paper Trail State Seeks 1 Million Philip Morris Documents. Hatch, White House interest in documents noted. Richmond Times-Dispatch
      Eric Johnson, aide to Minnesota Attorney General Hubert H. Humphrey III, said Friday that the state is seeking another 1 million documents that have been withheld by Big Tobacco under a claim of attorney-client privilege. "The mother lode documents are the privileged documents," Johnson said. "We believe those documents will provide evidence of the onging fraud and conspiracy perpetrated by the industry."

  • 07/27/97 TEXAS: Brat Pack While Grown-ups Talk About Getting Tough On Young Smokers, Local Teens Say They Have No Problem Getting Cigarettes. Dallas Morning News
      The combined forces of government, health groups, retailers - and even the tobacco industry - have tried to keep cigarettes away from Ricky Fuller. "They failed," says Mr. Fuller, an 18-year-old fast-food worker, taking a smoke break outside an Arlington mall. "It's never been a problem getting cigarettes."

  • 07/27/97 AGRICULTURE: Grower Nurtures Fields, Political Landscape Series on tobacco farmer C.D. Bryant continues. Richmond Times-Dispatch
      Bryant, who's tended this land for 23 years, gets a kick out of the floral-fans who pull over on U.S. 29 by his fields. "I've had ladies stop by from another state and say, 'Oh, what beautiful flowers you have.' "

  • 07/27/97 ADVERTISING: The Power of Branding The increasingly important issue of product branding; some discussion of cigarettes. Washington Post
      "Ultimately, it's got to be . . . something that stands for an attitude or a point of view, that then has a cachet when you apply it to another product," said Christie Hefner, chairman and chief executive of Playboy Enterprises Inc. "Playboy's all about why it's worth working so hard," she said, and that message translates beyond the magazine. It is the reason the company has sold over half a million Playboy cigars, at $20 a pop. But industry experts warn that brand extension can be a slippery slope -- one that has tripped up many companies when they've introduced products that didn't fit the companies core identity. Harley-Davidson Inc.'s cigarettes didn't sell, for example, because customers couldn't understand what a motorcycle company would know about smokes. Tobacco giant Philip Morris Cos. struck out with a new line of cigarettes when it introduced Marlboro Menthols and Ultralites, largely because they seemed at odds with the Marlboro mystique. Real cowboys don't smoke menthols and ultralites.

  • 07/26/97 MOVIES: GRISHAM's Burnt-Out Case? George Thwaites Watches as Smoke Gets in Hollywood's Eyes London Telegraph on the Settlement's effect on "The Runaway Jury"
      Then, suddenly, real-life news overtook the events on Grisham's page. In June, the seemingly indomitable tobacco industry was brought to its knees in the US courts in an unprecedented $368.5 billion settlement. . . "The prevailing mood here was `don't panic'. But we may have a problem with the kind of message we can send to the tobacco industry," admits [screenwriter] Poirier, "and we may have to deal with the figures {the tobacco companies face a paltry $400 million damages in the book}. To be perfectly frank, we haven't figured out exactly how we're going to address the whole issue, but there have been a lot of ideas flying around."

  • 07/25/97 CIGARS: RICK SURBECK: Where There's Smoke, He's There LA Times
      When Surbeck cracks the top of a glass jar, the cured, moist smell of pipe tobacco escapes out into the room and the owner -- decked out in a stained work shirt -- says cigars don't have the carcinogenic smoke that cigarettes empty into the lungs. . . Surbeck, 43, runs the Claremont Tobacco House in Claremont. . . The single biggest mistake novice cigar smokers make is smoking too quickly, missing the whole point of the experience.
    Times writer fails to disabuse readers of Surbeck's claim.

  • 07/26/97 OPINION: ANN LANDERS' Readers Attack Tobacco 2 exceptionally strong personal stories, one from a pulmonologist. Washington Post

  • 07/26/97 LOTT Says "Close, But No Cigar" on Budget Reuters
      "But you know the old saying: Close, but no cigar. Any celebration at this point would definitely be premature," he said in the Republican response to President Clinton's radio address.

  • 07/26/97 BUDGET: Omission of Cigarette Tax from Bill Stirs Opposition Fort Worth Star-Telegram
      The GOP tax proposal omits language in a Senate bill that would boost cigarette taxes by 20 cents per pack, nearly doubling the current levy of 24 cents per pack, to raise $15 billion over five years - $8 billion of it to buy health coverage for uninsured children. Sens. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, and Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., and Rep. Nancy Johnson, R-Conn., denounced the GOP's stance on new cigarette taxes, saying it threatens favorable action by Congress on the entire package.
  • 07/26/97 BUDGET: NANCY JOHNSON (R-CT) Bucks House GOP Leaders on Cig Tax Washington Notebook, Boston Globe
      Representative Nancy Johnson, a moderate Republican from Connecticut, has been such a loyal GOP soldier, even on issues unpopular with her constituents, that she nearly lost her congressional seat to an underfinanced Democrat last year. This week, she cut loose and dashed off an angry letter to Republican House leaders, chiding them for blocking an $8 billion increase in the cigarette tax to pay for poor children's health insurance. Johnson also organized a press conference with the GOP's leading bete noire, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, the bill's prime Senate sponsor. When Johnson introduced the Massachusetts liberal, she quipped that they made "a new Kennedy-Johnson team," recalling the 1960 Democratic ticket.

  • 07/26/97 NORTH CAROLINA: Inmates Help to Repair DANNY's Crop Damage Raleigh News & Observer
      Tobacco crops suffered significant damage in Bertie, Johnston, Wilson and Wake counties. . . Agricultural losses in Wake -- mostly from tobacco -- totaled about $1 million, said Kim Gazella, Wake County's public information director.

  • 07/26/97 KARBIWNYK: FLORIDA Anti-Tobacco Lawyer Can Seek Punitive Damages Reuters
      In a ruling issued Thursday, Circuit Judge Michael Weatherby said attorney Norwood "Woody" Wilner . . . can ask the jury to punish Reynolds when the product liability lawsuit of JoAnn Karbiwnyk goes to trial October 6. Wilner, who has not decided how much money to ask for, argued at a hearing earlier this month that Reynolds deserved to be punished for hiding research about the dangers of smoking and doing nothing to make cigarettes safer. Reynolds' attorneys argued that the company is a leader in research to make cigarettes safer.

  • 07/26/97 ILLINOIS: CHICAGO: Tobacco, Alcohol Billboards Face Near-Total Ban Chicago Tribune
      After years of community outrage over the number of tobacco and alcohol billboard ads in black and Hispanic neighborhoods, Chicago aldermen on Friday paved the way toward making the city one of the nation's first major municipalities to almost completely prohibit them. Emboldened by the U.S. Supreme Court's recent decision to let stand a similar ban in Baltimore, the City Council's Committee on Buildings unanimously approved its own version, virtually ensuring passage by the full council Wednesday. The proposal would outlaw tobacco and alcohol billboards except along expressways, in sports stadiums and industrial districts, and on mass transit trains and buses. Legal experts said that the measure, if enacted, will almost certainly be challenged in court by tobacco and alcohol manufacturers and advertisers on the ground that it would limit free speech.

  • 07/26/97 MINNESOTA: Inmates' Sentence: Life without Smokes St. Paul Pioneer Press
      A law passed two legislative sessions ago mandates all Minnesota prisons be smoke-free by Aug. 1. The rule covers all tobacco products -- pipes, cigars and smokeless tobacco, as well as cigarettes -- and also applies to prison staff. . . The only people allowed to use tobacco will be American Indian prisoners, for religious ceremonies. "There's no doubt smoking contributes to health risks," said Republican state Sen. Dave Kleis of St. Cloud, who sponsored the bill abolishing tobacco in the prisons. "Since we pay 100 percent of inmates' health care costs, if they choose to smoke, we pay a higher premium."

  • 07/26/97 UK: Nuns are Cautioned for Jail Smuggling Times of London
      AN ELDERLY nun caught trying to smuggle tobacco and food into a prison has been given a police caution. Sister Annuntiata, 72, who has received an award from the Princess Royal for helping prisoners, has also been banned indefinitely from the jail in Portsmouth. She was caught with tobacco, eggs and meat in her bags as she made one of her weekly visits as a member of the prison chaplaincy team at Kingston prison.

  • 07/26/97 UK LETTERS: "Tobacco is the Curse of the Working Classes" Times of London
      Tobacco is addictive and is often the daily purchase with the highest priority. A husband and wife jointly consuming 30 cigarettes daily, at approximately 15p per cigarette, will not afford the Health Education Authority's advocated five items of fruit or vegetables daily per family member ­ also costing some 15p per item. Tobacco is the curse of the working classes, and even more dire for the unemployed or unemployable. It wrecks health directly and indirectly. Waging war on tobacco, as this Government has promised to do, must be top of the health agenda: diet comes second.--B. S. SMITH (Consultant physician), Sandwell General Hospital

  • 07/25/97 HEALTH: HEART DISEASE: An Epidemic Passing Unnoticed? MSNBC
      Despite an unprecedented drop in heart disease death rates from 1983 to 1993 ‹ a 30 percent decline ‹ heart disease continues to account for more than one of every five deaths in the United States, Hennekens noted. And now, the decline appears to have stopped, and the rates may even be increasing, he said. . . Only about one-fourth of smokers get counseling, he said, although smoking is responsible for more deaths than all other risk factors combined. With cigarettes the culprit behind more than 80 percent of heart-disease deaths in Americans younger the 50, smoking cessation alone could reduce mortality by 40 percent, he said.

  • 07/28/97 US BUDGET Negotiators Settle on 2-Step Cigarette Tax Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Starting in the year 2000, the tax on a pack of cigarettes will be raised by $0.10 and the tax will then jump to $0.15 in the year 2002, the source said. This new tax will be added onto the existing $0.24 a pack federal tax. The source said he didn't know how much the new tobacco tax will raise.
  • 07/29/97 RUBIN--Cigarette Tax Hike Could Deter Tobacco Use Reuters
      "We have an increase in cigarette tax which could deter (tobacco) use, which also promotes health," Rubin told the Cable News Network while praising the overall budget deal.
  • 07/28/97 CLINTON, CONGRESS OK BUDGET Deal AP Washington Post
      Highlights of the pact included a $500 tax credit for many children; a $24 billion effort to expand health-care coverage for many of the 10 million uninsured American children; and a gradual 15-cent boost in the 24-cent-per-pack federal cigarette tax. . . To help pay for all this, bargainers agreed that the cigarette tax would rise by a dime in 2000 and an additional nickel in 2002.

  • 07/29/97 Hill's Revolving Door for Regulators and Regulated; FDA Bill Points Up Frequent Proximity of the Two Nothing specifically about tobacco, but FDA is the most crucial federal department for tobacco control. Washington Post

  • 07/29/97 VIRGINIA: BEYER Talks Up Life After Tobacco; Jobs Depend on What You Know, Not Grow, Lt. Gov. Tells Farmers Washington Post
      Vilified by Southside Virginia farmers for supporting the national tobacco settlement and federal regulations against teen smoking, Donald S. Beyer Jr. is using his Democratic campaign for governor to push an economic plan for the region that points to a life beyond the Golden Leaf. The lieutenant governor recently made his first presentation to farmers in Danville . . . Although Beyer, a Northern Virginia businessman, is advocating lots of aid for tobacco farmers -- continued crop insurance and price supports and a "substantial" share of any settlement -- he emphasized a larger vision of office parks, high-tech centers, new roads and better schools. It would be his foundation for a "Southside Century." Implicit in his pitch was this message: Tobacco is under assault in the United States, and it is gradually losing its importance in the region, so we need to look at new opportunities.

  • 07/28/97 ILLINOIS: Chicago to pass Billboard Ban States, USA Today
      The City Council on Wednesday is expected to pass an ordinance banning alcohol and tobacco billboards in residential neighborhoods.

  • 07/29/97 BAT 1H Preview: US Tobacco Deal, Spinoff News Are Key The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      U.K. investors and strategists will be eying B.A.T Industries PLC's (U.BTI) first-half earnings Wednesday for everything from developments on the U.S. tobacco-litigation settlement fund to the prospects of a spin-off of the group's financial-services arm. . . Perhaps most important will be the spin the group puts on last month's U.S. tobacco settlement, which left analysts evenly divided on its merits.

  • 07/29/97 UK: BUSINESS: Savers Not Always Aware of How their Banks Loan Money Bloomberg/LA Times
      Many people would prefer not to lend their money to arms dealers, tobacco companies or cosmetic firms that test on animals. Yet that's just what they could be doing by depositing their savings in a bank that doesn't discriminate in the companies it deals with. "When you put 1,000 pounds [$1,642] into the bank, they don't just put it into the safe until you want it again," said Dave Smith, a spokesman for the U.K.'s Co-Operative Bank Plc. "Your money could be going to support something you're opposed to."

  • 07/29/97 CESSATION: Hard Core Smokers, Last Ditch Remedies Inside the Mayo Clinic's smoke farm. The New York Times
      They stay in a small unit at the end of the hall on the 10th floor of Methodist Hospital here -- the incorrigible cigarette smokers. Five men and three women, all at the end of their rope, each having paid $3,000 to spend eight days living in a bland hospital room of the Mayo Clinic, and each fervently hoping that an intense residential program will make it possible to quit. . . But the odds are not with them. Although the doctors and counselors directing the Mayo Clinic's nicotine dependence clinic use every method that has ever shown success -- nicotine patches and sprays, a drug that acts on the chemical pathway stimulated by nicotine, counseling and group dynamics -- only 43 percent of the patients who go through the program stop. Yet it is one of a handful of in-patient programs for nicotine addition in the United States, and its results are among the best, addiction experts says. These days, in the United States, many who could stop smoking already have. "The sense of our counselors is that almost on a year-by-year basis, the patients are harder to treat."

  • 07/29/97 MUSIC: BOWMAN GRAY Research Shows Music Videos Glamorize Tobacco and Alcohol Use Bowman Gray Med Center PR Newswire
      A content analysis of 518 televised music videos from four major cable networks showed 25.7 percent of MTV videos portrayed use of tobacco, most often by the lead singer, according to a study conducted by faculty from three medical centers. That contrasted with 22.9 percent of videos showing smoking on VH1, 16.5 percent on Black Entertainment Television and just 11.7 percent on Country Music Television. . . Smoking was shown on 30.1 percent of the rap videos, 22.6 percent of "adult contemporary" videos and 21.6 percent of the rock videos. But it was depicted on just 11.7 of the country videos and 10,9 percent of rhythm and blues videos.

  • 07/29/97 OPINION: Burned Up; After a Sister's Death From Lung Cancer, Tolerance for Tobacco Makes No Sense Rich, exquisitely-written article from Mariflo Stephens , Washington Post
      Ten years ago I wrote a wacky little humor piece about quitting cigarette smoking and it ran in The Washington Post's Style Plus section. The headline read: "A Smoker's Last Gasp." It doesn't seem at all funny now. What led me to write it was the fact that after quitting smoking, I found I couldn't write. . . All I thought about was smoking. . . . "And what, I wondered, "will they offer the condemned killers before the firing squad lets go? A last glass of juice?" These days I can see nothing funny about quitting smoking. Last year I buried my wonderful older sister before her 52nd birthday. She was diagnosed with lung cancer at the end of a long battle with cigarette addiction. When the doctor told her it was terminal, she was wearing a nicotine patch. . . Emblazoned on another tin tray are the images of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz holding up their smokes. The ad copy reads: "The `I Love Lucy Show' is the most popular TV show in America. Its stars smoke Phillip Morris cigarettes." That ad insinuates that it is almost un-American not to smoke. . . I had breakfast with my cousin, who told me that her father-in-law, a farmer, has planted tobacco on some of his land. . . . Now my own daughter, 14, is trying cigarettes on for size. . . And I know why that mediocre movie "Sleeping With the Enemy" made it successfully onto the big screen. The concept feels so familiar. Many of us, especially in Virginia, have been there.

  • 07/28/97 NEW YORK: Unions Sue Tobacco Cos for Health Costs Reuters
      The suit was filed in New York State Supreme Court by the Eastern States Health & Welfare Fund; ILGWU Health Services Plan; Health and Vacation Fund of the Amalgamated Ladies Garment Cutters Union Local 10 UNITE; and Health and Welfare Fund of Local 99 UNITE.
  • 07/28/97 4 Big Union Health Funds Sue Tobacco Law firms' PR. Business Wire

  • 07/30/97 WISCONSIN: Democrats' Latest Budget Plan Increases Cig, Gas Taxes
      A budget plan that increases the gasoline tax by 2 cents a gallon and the cigarette tax by 19 cents per pack was approved Tuesday by Senate Democrats. The plan, supported by 16 of the Senate's 17 majority Democrats, is intended to draw a lone Democratic holdout or Republican support so the plan will pass. . . But the latest plan reduces the Democrats' earlier proposal to increase the per-pack tax on cigarette by 26 cents, which drew criticism from cigarette foes. The current tax is 44 cents a pack. "The reduction of our cigarette tax, I think it a serious mistake," Senate President Fred Risser told colleagues. "We ought to go up to at least $1 per pack."

  • 07/28/97 COLORADO: Cig Ad Ban Won't Burn Media Rocky Mountain News
      Regardless, the outdoor media industry, in Denver and nationally, is healthy, Richards said. His best guess is local companies generated about $20 million in sales last year. Outdoor Systems, with nearly 6,000 outdoor outlets, sold about $9 million worth of board space in 1996, and less than 10 percent to tobacco companies. And although cigarette makers have been good clients, there are plenty of others willing to fill the spaces along highways, rooftops, bus benches and the sides of buses.

  • 07/30/97 AGRICULTURE: Ostrich Breeder May Save Own Neck Lexington Herald Leader
      Arnold Stitt knew he was taking a big chance four years ago when he stopped raising cattle and tobacco and began developing an ostrich farm near this Mason County community.

  • 07/30/97 BAT Industries Issues Quarterly Report to June 30, 1997 PR Newswire

  • 07/30/97 BUNZL to Acquire AMERICAN FILTRON for $46.52/share AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Paper and plastics maker Bunzl PLC (U.BNZ) said Wednesday it expects to complete its acquisition of American Filtrona Corp. by late September, after receiving approval from 46% of its shareholders . . . On July 2, Bunzl said it would pay $178 million cash, or $46.52 a share, for AFC, a U.S. maker of bonded fibers and plastics, in a deal aimed at boosting Bunzl's U.S. filter and ink reservoir businesses.

  • 07/30/97 Drive-Ins Save a Spot for Cars, Kids abd Cigarettes Ruthe Stein, SF Chronicle
      DRIVE-IN FUN TIPS . . . Smoke (cigarettes or whatever)

  • 07/30/97 EDITORIAL: Putting Public Health Back in Epidemiology Not about tobacco, but touches upon closely-related issues. The Lancet
      Concern that public health might be losing its way, and its effectiveness, has led now and again to examinations, by professional organisations, by governments, or by individuals, into how the specialty is developing. In their recent book (Public Health at the Crossroads, Cambridge University Press) Robert Beaglehole and Ruth Bonita point out how public-health movements in most countries are heading down a narrow disease-focused route. In this approach health is taken to be absence of disease attained by lifestyle modifications to minimise individual risks of disease, the main public-health activities being disease prevention, especially in high-risk groups, while the emphasis in epidemiology is on technique and on clinical and molecular studies. This approach produces short-term benefits but does not address fundamental threats to global health.

  • 07/30/97 OPINION: Congress Picks Your Pocket for Your Own Good William F. Shughart II, The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      Supporters of higher taxes trot out studies reporting substantial workplace productivity losses and extra demands on health-care resources due to smoking and drinking. But these estimates are typically biased upward by erroneously counting private costs as social costs. Consider productivity losses. If in fact alcohol and tobacco consumers are less productive than their abstemious colleagues, then they themselves will bear the costs. After all, lower productivity translates into smaller wage increases, less attractive job assignments and slower rates of career advancement. At the extreme, employees who are unable to perform their duties satisfactorily for any reason, including alcohol and tobacco use, will lose their jobs. If smokers or drinkers produce less, they will earn less. There is no externality left to internalize. . . For all the neo-Puritan talk of virtue, government never loses sight of revenue. Alcohol and tobacco taxes contribute billions of dollars to public treasuries that cannot easily be replaced

  • 07/30/97 OPINION: It Doesn't Pay to Smoke Less The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      What a boon for the insurance companies. I guess they aren't waiting to be offered a piece of the tobacco-settlement pie. They're helping themselves. By classifying occasional tobacco users the same way as heavy smokers, the insurance industry is instituting what amounts to a moderation tax--a penalty against the very behavior we should be encouraging in our society. . . I'm sure I can live without my occasional 10 minutes of pipe smoking. But I don't want to. And I'm even willing to pay a higher premium for the right to be moderate. Say 5% more. But I'm not willing to be gouged. So I didn't take the insurance policy. In fact, I told my agent that on second thought the extra $100,000 of coverage I had wanted seemed a bit excessive. I was quite happy with the moderate amount of insurance I already had. Moderation really is the way to go.

  • 07/30/97 OPINION: Cruel and Unusual: Prison Smoking Ban Joe Soucheray, St. Paul Pioneer Press
      So, yes, as a professional curmudgeon you would expect me to bring the power down on a creep who has his smoking privileges taken away. It's just that behind every smoking ban is some mealy little neurotic zealot who isn't happy unless other people are suffering. I will support a smoking ban in prison when the prisons are full of no-smoking activists

  • 07/30/97 HUMOR: If FDA Were Serious, It Would Have Moms Write Warnings Mike Harden, Columbus Dispatch/Detroit News
      "What would your mother write on cigarette packs?" I asked a woman who was puffing away. "Smoke and I'll break your legs!" she replied without hesitation. . . . My own mother's warning would probably be more anecdotal: "Remember your cousin Coy? Every time he took a breath it sounded like a Chrysler backing over an accordion."

  • 07/29/97 MINNESOTA: 7 Pledge to Take No Tobacco Money Minneapolis Star-Tribune

  • 07/30/97 WISCONSIN: PHILIP MORRIS Helped Fund Trips Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
      Philip Morris, the state's largest private employer, provided funding through three non-profit groups to send Gov. Tommy Thompson on three overseas trips. Public records reviewed by the Journal Sentinel suggest the trips -- worth about $16,000 total -- provided convenient access for Philip Morris officials to Thompson and the few other governors who participated in the June 1996 trip to Australia and a weeklong southern Africa trip in December 1995. The records and interviews show Philip Morris as the primary funder of those trips, through its support of two non-profit groups, the America-European Community Association (AECA) and the New York Society for International Affairs.
  • 07/30/97 Records Show PHILIP MORRIS Gps Funded Wis Gov THOMPSON's Trips The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      State law bars state officials from accepting gifts or anything of value from lobbyists or companies that employ lobbyists in Wisconsin. But it is unclear whether that would prohibit from receiving gifts funneled through other organizations . . . Two of the trips were proposed by Philip Morris officials who accompanied the governor on the Australia trip.. . Victoria Becker, the [National Governors Assn] aide who helped set up the trips, refused to comment . . . Tax records, state ethics forms, other government records and interviews show Philip Morris was the primary funder of the trips through support of two nonprofit groups, the America-European Community Association and the New York Society for International Affairs. Thompson also took a 1992 trip to London paid by a third nonprofit group funded by Philip Morris, Libertad Inc., and by the America-European Community Association. Andrew Whist, a Philip Morris senior vice president, is a founder, officer or both of all three nonprofit groups, the newspaper said. . . . Thompson has received $60,000 in campaign funds from the company and its associates. Thompson also acknowledged that he called Philip Morris chief executive Geoffrey Bible last year to tell him that the governor's budget would include a 5-cent-per-pack cigarette tax increase, and that the state had reached a tentative settlement of a lawsuit against the tobacco industry to recover medical expenses for tobacco-related illnesses.

  • 07/30/97 WISCONSIN: KALWITZ Seeks Limits on Alcohol, Tobacco Ads Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
      Following the leads of officials in Baltimore and Chicago, Common Council President John Kalwitz said Tuesday he would introduce a measure to limit dramatically tobacco and alcohol advertising on billboards in Milwaukee. If the legislation passes through the council and is approved by Mayor John Norquist, such advertising would be allowed only along freeways, in sports arenas and stadiums, on buses, and in industrial districts.

  • 07/31/97 CALIFORNIA Lawmaker Seeks Tobacco Tax Hike for Budget Reuters
      The proposal by Assemblyman Tom Torlakson, a Democrat, would raise the state's tobacco tax from 37 cents a pack to $1.17 a pack, raising $1.2 billion a year for the state.

  • 07/31/97 BUSINESS: BAT Will Hold Its Dividend for First Time in 21 Years Bloomberg/Winston-Salem Journal
      B.A.T Industries Plc will leave its dividend unchanged for the first time in at least 21 years and warned that it may have to pay more than it expected in the U.S. tobacco industry's settlement of health-related lawsuits. The move came as the tobacco and financial services company, based in London, said that net income fell 15 percent in the second quarter, held back by the stronger pound and lower tobacco profit in key markets in the United States and Asia. B.A.T shares fell 3.8 percent. The decision to hold the first-half dividend at 10 pence broke a pledge to keep raising the payout above the rate of inflation. It also comes a week after B.A.T agreed to buy Mexican cigarette-maker CLM for $1.7 billion, which will further stretch its balance sheet.
  • 07/31/97 Pegged Payout Hits BAT Electronic Telegraph
  • 07/31/97 Demerger Calls Increase After BAT Freezes Dividend London Independent
  • 07/31/97 BAT Payout Unchanged; Group Cites US Tobacco Pact The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration)
      B.A.T Industries PLC said it will leave its first-half dividend unchanged, blaming a weak first-half performance and short-term uncertainty surrounding the proposed settlement between the U.S. tobacco industry and antitobacco activists. Announcing its latest results, the British tobacco and insurance group said it would be "misleading" to raise its dividend before the settlement had been approved in the U.S. -- despite the company's earlier pledges to increase payments at least in line with inflation.
  • 07/30/97 BAT Chmn Says Div Policy on Hold Until US Deal Resolved AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      B.A.T Industries PLC (U.BTI) Chairman Lord Cairns hinted Wednesday the tobacco- and-financial-services company's dividend policy would probably be on hold until it knows for certain what the outcome of U.S. tobacco litigation will be, among other matters.
  • 07/31/97 BAT: Settlement Smoke Hides True Picture Questor Column, Electronic Telegraph
      But, as ever with BAT, it is worth looking beyond the fog. A public cry of pain - and a one-day share price fall of 3.8pc - is a small price to pay if it helps to get the grand tobacco settlement through Congress. The Americans want to see some suffering and Philip Morris and RJR Nabisco are also making wounded noises. However, if BAT really felt that its short-term cashflow was under pressure, would it have agreed to pay £1 billion for a Mexican tobacco company only last week?

  • 07/20/97 AIR TRAVEL: Smokefree Air Battle Heats Up San Diego Union-Tribune
      A bill recently reintroduced in Congress would ban smoking on all flights of both U.S. and foreign airlines entering or leaving the United States -- even when foreign aircraft are in international airspace or in the airspace of their home countries headed for the United States. Rep. James Oberstar (D-Minn.) first introduced the bill in 1995. He has the support of many airline workers and organizations such as the Association of Flight Attendants, which represents workers at many major U.S. airlines. Not surprisingly, a number of foreign airlines are against Oberstar's proposal . . . because they object to the United States' trying to impose rules in areas where it has no jurisdict

  • 07/30/97 Pankow Ammonia Study Press Release on American Chemical Society Site (just cancel out of the password request box) Here's the Here's the a href=""> Pankow Ammonia Study on American Chemical Society Site
  • 07/30/97 Ammonia Amplifies Nicotine, Study Confirms Washington Post
      Pankow conducted a series of laboratory studies to explore how ammonia compounds affect the chemical properties of nicotine. Nicotine hitches a ride on the solid particles found in cigarette smoke. "What ammonia can do is make it easier for the nicotine to leave the smoke particles" by stripping a hydrogen ion from the nicotine molecule, Pankow found. That loosens the bond between the drug and the vehicle, Pankow explained. Some nicotine even goes directly to a gas phase. When the smoker inhales the particles, this more volatile form of nicotine can be quickly absorbed by lung tissue. Pankow's research showed this form of nicotine is absorbed 100 times more readily than the natural form.
  • 07/30/97 Ammonia Linked to a Type of Nicotine; Study Finds Use of Ammonia Can Dramatically Increase the Amount of Nicotine Available to Smokers The New York Times
      In a study in the August issue of Environmental Science & Technology, a publication of the American Chemical Society, researchers from the Oregon Graduate Institute in Portland said they had shown that the amount of nicotine available to a smoker could be adjusted by varying the ammonia levels. James Pankow, a professor of environmental science and engineering who headed the study, said that the effect of adding ammonia to tobacco is similar to what occurs when cocaine is chemically converted to the more potent and smokable drug known as crack.

  • 07/30/97 Tobacco Foes Win Tax Round; Next Move Unclear Reuters
      "It's spit in the ocean," said C. Everett Koop, a former US surgeon general. "It's sorely inadequate and not something this Congress should be proud of," said David Kessler, a former head of the FDA.

  • 07/31/97 CHINA: Beijiing Limits Cigarette Advertising AP Washington Post
  • 07/30/97 CHINA: Beijiing Cracks Down on Ads for Foreign Tobacco Brands AP/Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Cigarette vendors in Beijing have been ordered to take down more than 300 illegal posters, awnings and other advertisements for foreign tobacco brands, a newspaper reported Wednesday. . . City commercial affairs officials are investigating the Beijing representatives of B.A.T Industries Ltd.'s (BTI) British American Tobacco Co., Japan Tobacco Inc. (J.JTB) and other cigarette makers, the Legal Daily said. The illegal advertising included 36 sun awnings, 146 posters, 12 clocks, ashtrays and sales racks for 555, Camel, Salem, Mild Seven and other brands, the newspaper said.

  • 07/27/97 Smoking Out Secrets; The Detective Agency That George L. Barnes Founded Is a Tobacco-Industry Trump Card in Suit After Suit LA Times
      These encyclopedic profiles are used to flesh out the industry's time-tested defense--which holds that the plaintiff made a personal choice to smoke despite the warnings, and, besides, got sick from another cause. Anti-tobacco lawyers complain that the intensive scrutiny serves another purpose too--intimidating some clients into giving up their claims to keep embarrassing personal information from becoming public. "Every effort is made . . . to uncover every 'piece of dirt' on the client," said Dan Childs, a Philadelphia lawyer who has battled the industry. "Fights with children, run-ins with the law . . . are all looked for." Although the extent of the agency's tobacco business remains a closely guarded secret, investigators who worked there in the 1980s say tobacco law firms provided 80% to 95% of Barnes' business. More recently, Barnes was involved in more than 20 projects for a single tobacco law firm, with outstanding bills of more than $150,000, according to August 1995 billing statements reviewed by The Times.
      Barnes & Associates Professional Services Inc
      6300 Wilshire Blvd Los Angeles, CA 90048-5202
  • 07/27/97 Gumshoe Got an Exotic Mix of Assignments Barnes' non-tobacco cases. LA Times

  • 07/31/97 MASSACHUSETTS: Latino Festival Kicked the Habit Boston Globe
      Red ink has not sapped Eduardo Perdomo's pride. Perdomo is president of the Latino Festival in Washington, D.C. Last weekend, the 27-year-old festival attracted half a million people. This was the first where it refused sponsorship from alcohol and tobacco companies and banned the sale of beer. . . Philip Morris made an offer Perdomo said might have reached $10,000 if he wanted it. He turned it down. He asked other major Latino organizations for financial help, but, beholden as they were to alcohol and tobacco - the National Council of La Raza, the nation's largest Latino civil rights organization, received $175,000 from Philip Morris in 1991 - none of them offered any. So Perdomo stripped the festival to its bones. Some concerts had to be canceled because the festival could not afford luxury dressing room trailers. The festival had no executive director, no public relations firm, and no hospitality tents. Jane Delgado, president of the National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations, said the decision is perhaps the most major public rejection of alcohol and tobacco money to date by a Latino organization.

  • 07/31/97 Heavy Smokers Expect Long Lives Small item in Chicago Tribune
      Why do people continue to smoke heavily after two decades of warnings that cigarettes shorten life? The answer seems to be that even if they know about the dangers, they don't apply the information to themselves, said Michael Schoenbaum of the University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health. A nationwide survey found that the expectations of current heavy smokers that they will reach the age of 75 were twice as high as life tables predict. "The evidence suggests that smokers underestimate the risks of smoking and do not personalize those risks that they do acknowledge," he reported in the American Journal of Public Health.

  • 07/31/97 BUSINESS: GENERAL CIGAR Stake Held by Group Reuters
      A group including Zweig-DiMenna Partners said Thursday it holds a 5.6 percent stake in General Cigar Holdings Inc Class A common shares.

  • 08/01/97 BUSINESS: LIGGETT Debt Pay Delayed Raleigh News & Observer
  • 07/31/97 BROOKE GROUP in Talks with BGLS Inc Debt Holders Dow Jones (pay registration)
      Brooke Group Ltd.'s (BGL) Liggett Group and BGLS Inc. units have postponed making interest payments on certain public debt while negotiating restructuring of the debt. In a press release Thursday, Brooke Group said BGLS postponed payments due July 31, on its 15.75% senior secured notes due 2001.
  • 07/31/97 Brooke Group Says Postponed Payments Reuters

  • 08/01/97 BUSINESS: PHILIP MORRIS Capital to Sell Real Estate Unit Reuters
  • 08/01/97 PHILIP MORRIS Announces Sale of Mission Viejo Co. to J.F. SHEA BusinessWire
  • 08/01/97 BUSINESS: PHILIP MORRIS in Pact to Sell Real Estate Unit to J.F. SHEA Mission Viejo, Aliso Viejo (CA) and Highlands Ranch (CO) to be PM towns no more. Dow Jones (pay registration)

  • 07/31/97 MOVIES: 1st Lady Scolds Smoking Movie Stars AP Washington Post
      [W]hat really steams Hillary Rodham Clinton about summer movie fare is the way Julia Roberts clings to a cigarette in "My Best Friend's Wedding." She "smokes when she's upset. She smokes when she's tired. She smokes when she's happy. In fact, she seems to smoke throughout the movie," the first lady wrote in her weekly newspaper column, published Thursday. . . Will Smith, who celebrated each "Independence Day" victory against aliens by lighting a cigar, was also scolded. "Movie stars who puff away on the screen equate smoking with status, power, confidence and glamour," Mrs. Clinton wrote.

  • 07/31/97 HOUSE Gives Balanced BUDGET Plan Huge Vote of Confidence Washington Post

  • 07/31/97 For the Record: How They Voted on Tobacco Subsidy Washington Post

  • 07/31/97 Checks Show Barbour Donors AP/Boston Globe
      Tobacco companies. Telephone giants. Insurers. A casino. When GOP chairman Haley Barbour asked, special interests opened their checkbooks for the nonprofit group he founded. Many had business pending before the Republican Congress. Bank records given to by Senate investigators provide the first accounting of the donors to Barbour's National Policy Forum, which is under scrutiny. It once promised donors anonymity. . . Four tobacco companies among the GOP's highest donors - Philip Morris, RJR Nabisco, Brown and Williams, and US Tobacco - directed $375,000 to Barbour's nonprofit. Now a lobbyist, Barbour is representing tobacco interests as they seek congressional approval of a broad measure that would settle litigation and bring the companies under federal regulation. The Forum, alleged by Democrats to be a conduit for Republican Party donations, ostensibly was created to sponsor policy discussions and reports. GOP leaders were the marquee attraction at events that frequently coincided with pending actions in Congress.
    Those infuriated by the utter lack of campaign finance reform may want to read Citizens Won't Wait for Washington to Curb Big Donors Christian Science Monitor

  • 07/25/97 Help Wanted: FBI Goes to the Internet to Find Information on Tobacco Cos Media General News Service/Winston-Salem Journal
  • 07/25/97 FBI Internet Ad Seeks Help from Tobacco Workers AP Washington Post
  • 07/27/97 FBI Seeks New Tobacco Whistleblowers USA Today
  • 07/25/97 FBI Publicly Seeks Assistance in Tobacco Probe Reuters
  • 07/24/97 FBI Seeks New Tobacco Whistleblowers Via Internet The Wall Street Journal (Pay Registration) Here's the FBI Tobacco Whistleblower Page
      [T]he FBI is seeking assistance from past or present tobacco company researchers, scientists, product development personnel, or manufacturing officials knowledgable about the cigarette development and manufacturing process. If requested, this assistance can be provided on a confidential basis. Contact the FBI about this investigation at e-mail address, or write to:
        Washington Field Office
        Attn: Squad C-3
        Federal Bureau of Investigation
        1900 Half Street, S.W.
        Washington, D.C. 20535

  • 07/18/97 JAPAN: Smoke and Mirrors: Japanese Women Buying into Sweet Song of US Tobacco Cos Asia Times
      For instance, the smoking rate for Japanese women in their 20s was 15.5 percent in 1986. By 1996, that figure had increased to 20.3 percent. The source of this change is not only an increase in the number of smokers. Japanese society has traditionally regarded smoking among women as risque, thus women used to smoke in secret - in toilet stalls, for example. . . An increasing number of Japanese girls, though mainly those who live in big cities, no longer feel any need to restrain their desire to smoke in public, regardless of time and place. Fast food restaurants throughout the country are filled with young girls smoking and chatting with friends. Some prefer to walk with cigarettes perched between their fingers, as if they were the latest supermodel. The tobacco industry is smart enough to attract the attention of this potentially lucrative market. Thanks to Japan's generous rules for tobacco advertising, the fashionable Virginia Slims girl smiles in a late night television commercial, offering the illusion that you can be as sophisticated as she if you only smoke the right brand. . . "Tobacco companies are putting a great emphasis on advertising low-smoke cigarettes, which are basically designed for women who hate to have their hair and dresses spoiled with the smell of tobacco smoke," commented a Tokyo-based advertising expert.

  • 07/18/97 SOUTH KOREA: US Smoking Gun Backfires Abroad Bradley Martin, Asia Times
      A South Korean civic group has announced plans to sue United States tobacco interests, taking advantage of a landmark US$368 billion compromise settlement to which the big tobacco companies consented in a US court.At first glance, the litigation plans of the Citizens' Movement Against Over-Consumption of Tobacco may appear hypocritical, even xenophobic: The group acknowledges that it does not intend to call South Korean domestic tobacco producers to task, since it focuses its attention solely on foreign producers. But before dismissing the move as trade protectionism pure and simple, consider the fact that US trade officials, acting on behalf of the US tobacco industry during the administrations of former US presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush, pressured South Korea into liberalizing tobacco import regulations. In the process, Washington persuaded the country to permit what had been forbidden: Large-scale tobacco advertising.

  • 07/28/97 CANADA: Smugglers Go Inter-provincial Globe & Mail
      Many smugglers are switching from international to interprovincial smuggling of cigarettes because the profits are high, the chances of getting caught are low, and even if they are caught the likelihood of going to prison is minimal. "Interprovincial smuggling is costing millions and millions of dollars in lost taxes," Inspector John Ferguson, head of the RCMP's economic-crime unit in British Columbia, said in an interview. "It's a huge problem. People don't realize how serious it is." He said British Columbia, where cigarette prices are among the highest in Canada, has been particularly hurt by the growth of interprovincial smuggling. Profits are so high it has attracted different organized-crime elements who are starting to fight among themselves for dominant positions in the trade. "It's big business," he said. "And that's why they're in it, because it is such big business. When they get caught, they usually get fined and that's it. They rarely go to jail."
  • 07/14/97 CANADA: Resort Owner Denies Ties to Smugglers AP/The Syracuse Post-Standard/HealthWatch
      The owner of an exclusive Canadian fishing resort says he knows nothing about an investigation that led to the arrest of a New York man charged with running a multimillion-dollar tobacco smuggling ring. Police have said Mike Gallant, owner of the Sonora Resort at Campbell River on Vancouver Island, received what they called suspicious payments from a tobacco company for the alleged smuggler's vacation. . . A Royal Canadian Mounted Police affidavit quotes Larry Miller of Massena, as claiming Gallant is a former hood named Mike Lalonde. . . The payment of $200,000 in Canadian money "for a customer vacation" was followed by a cash deposit of $110,193.46 on June 5, 1996. The affidavit said Sonora's financial controller reported that the money came from Imperial Tobacco, Canada's largest tobacco company. Wickham said the lodge is popular, and "it isn't unusual" for the lodge to receive hundreds of thousands of dollars at a time. Miller also told the undercover police agent that R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company had money invested in Sonora, but Wickham said Gallant is Sonora's sole owner.

  • ©1997 Gene Borio, Tobacco BBS (212-982-4645). WebPage: Tobacco BBS material may be reprinted in any non-commercial venue if accompanied by this credit

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