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Effect of Smoking Status on Productivity Loss. 

Volume 48(10) October 2006 p 1099-1108
Jump to full article: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2006-10-01

Intro:

Results: Current smokers missed more days of work and experienced more unproductive time at work compared with former smokers and nonsmokers. The average annual cost for lost productivity for nonsmokers was $2623/year compared with $3246/year for former smokers and $4430/year for current smokers. More than half the costs were due to unproductive time at work.

Conclusion: Current smokers incurred the highest productivity losses, which translated into higher costs to employers for current smokers. Costs were lower for former smokers and nonsmokers.

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