The Tobacco Tour
The Tobacco Tour
Jamestown, VAThe very birthplace. This is where it all began.
For information on Jamestown and Colonial National Park, call (804) 898-3400 or write to P.O. Box 210, Yorktown, Va. 23690. For details on Williamsburg, call (800) 447-8679 or write to P.O. Box 2776, Williamsburg, Va. 23187. Call the Williamsburg Hotel/Motel Association at (800) 446-9244 for free reservations. - King
Jamestown is half way between Richmond and Norfolk. Take Interstate 95 to Interstate 64 east in Richmond, then follow the signs for Williamsburg. Directions to Jamestown and Yorktown are prominently marked near Williamsburg. Amtrak, which runs service on the East Coast to Richmond and Williamsburg, or fly into Richmond or Norfolk International Airports.
Virginia State Library
12th St. & Capitol Square
Richmond, VA 23219
428 North Boulevard
Richmond, VA 23220
Telephone: (804) 358-4901
Fax: (804) 355-2399
Monday - Saturday 10 a.m. to 5p.m., Sunday 1 p.m. to 5p.m (Museum Galleries only).
A comprehensive, long-term exhibit on the history of the commonwealth, The Story of Virginia, an American Experience covers more than 10,000 square feet and contains more than 1,000 objects.
Contact and Conflict focuses on the settlement of colonial Virginia and the complex interactions between its English, Native American, and African inhabitants. Tobacco saved the English colony but resulted in the Indians being driven from their lands and enslaved Africans being brought here to work the tobacco fields. The only known likeness of Pocahontas from life is shown with gold buttons from a hat she wore when visiting England. An original dugout canoe made with European tools illustrates the interaction of the English and American Indians.
The largest cigarette plant in the US is here in South Richmond. Every day it processes 1.2 million pounds of tobacco to produce 600 million cigarettes.
WHERE TO STAY: The Jefferson Hotel (804/788-8000) is a National Historic Landmark originally opened in 1895 by Major Lewis Ginter, a Civil War veteran and inventor of the first mass-produced cigarette. Its winding, 26-step staircase is said to have served as the model for the grand staircase in "Gone With the Wind" (it didn't), and its 274 rooms are done in 19th Century reproduction furnishings. Weekend rates range from $145 to $205, double. The Berkeley Hotel in Shockoe Slip (804/780-1300; doubles start at $105) is an elegant, European-style hotel two blocks from the Capitol. The Holiday Inn-Historic District (804/644-9871; doubles from $64) is a clean, reasonable choice.
WHERE TO EAT: The Frog and the Redneck (804/648-3764) is a hot spot in Richmond whose nouvelle French/New Southern fare includes fresh seafood, pasta and meat entrees. Dinner runs $25 to $35 per person, excluding wine. (The Frog is Jean Louis Palladin, who is here in name only and under whom the Redneck, Jimmy Sneed, cooked for six years at the Watergate.) The Tobacco Company (804/782-9555), just up the street in a converted tobacco warehouse in Shockoe Slip, is a high-energy bar/restaurant with international and local cuisine. Mr. Patrick Henry's Inn (804/644-1322), near the center of town on East Broad Street in two restored 19th-century
Philip Morris Manufacturing Center
The Claude Moore Colonial FarmVisitors step back in time to the year 1771, when Virginia was an English colony and tobacco was the basis for the economy. On this small farm, visitors can watch the farmer as he follows the traditional cycles of planting, cultivating and harvesting using the tools of the period. The farm wife looks after the domestic duties, including the children, the one-room log house, the cows and chickens, and the kitchen garden. Visitors can ask questions of the family as they go about their duties; the costumed characters are happy to explain what they are doing or talk about life in the colony.
An 18th-Century Market Fair will be held on the third full weekends in May, July and October.
Open Wednesdays through Sundays from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. from mid-April until Dec. 15, except during inclement weather and on Thanksgiving Day. The farm is on Colonial Farm Road at 6310 Georgetown Pike, a half-mile from the intersection with Dolley Madison Boulevard in McLean. Admission is $2 for adults; $1 for senior citizens and ages 3 through 12 (younger free). Call (703)442-7557.
Pea Ridge, VA
Howard Mayo's MuseumHoward Mayo, 67, has spent half his life collecting the memorabilia that fill his 40-foot-long museum
South Hill, VA
306 West Main St.
South Hill, VA 23970
9-12 Noon, 1-4PM Thursday through Saturday.
N.B.: A few blocks away, at the Virginia S. Evans Doll Museum, you can see a "smoking doll," used to promote smoking to women in the 20s.
201 S. Mecklenburg Ave.
National Tobacco-Textile MuseumAgriculture & advertising art, periodicals fm 1830s
National Tobacco-Textile Museum
PO Box 541, 614 Lynn St.
Danville, VA 22117
The Outer Banks, NC 1585: It was here, on Roanoke Island, that Thomas Hariot and John White first saw Native American tobacco use. A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of VIRGINIA (1588-1590)
- On a hot July day in 1587, 117 men, women, and children set foot on a New World. Their benefactor, Sir Walter Raleigh, had long dreamed of a permanent settlement, and finally, despite the threat of war with Spain, Queen Elizabeth I had consented.
You can read about it in the 9/5/97 Raleigh News & Observer and the 5/3/01 Raleigh News & Observer
Route 301 in Kenley at the Johnston-Wilson county line--just off Exit 107 of Interstate 95.
19 tobacco warehouses make Wilson one of the largest tobacco markets in the U.S. (the third-largest in the world is in Zimbabwe)
The Growers Cooperative WarehouseThis is a huge, corrugated steel building 5 football fields long--filled with mounds of tobacco, if you hit it during the right season. Watch the fast-paced, high-pressure, nearly incomprehensible auction process.
On Route 301. Between July and October, arrange for a personal guided tour by calling Wilson Visitors Bureau, run by the Chamber of Commerce (252-237-0165).
Nee The Bull City; now City of Medicine USA; pop: 200,000
Durham Visitor Information Center (919) 687-0288 or (800) 446-8604.
Lodging hotline for peak periods (919) 687-0288.
Brightleaf SquareDine in one of the many restaurants in these 2 converted 19th-century brick tobacco warehouses that are part of Durham's attempt at downtown urban renewal. All the shops and boutiques carry signs that read, This is a smoke-free facility
Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co. PlantThe smell of tobacco here is one of Durham's trademarks.
Duke UniversityIn 1924 Buck Duke offered Trinity College $40 million if it would change its name to Duke University. No problem. See the monument to his father, Washington Duke, at the head of Campus Drive.
Washington Duke Inn and Golf ClubLots of Duke family memorabilia around this Duke U.-owned 18-hole club.
See nearby attractions and lodging at: Step into History
The womb of the tobacco business as we know it today. A working tobacco farm, mock auctions, holiday events, special depictions of occasions in tobacco country with a concentration on the 1870s, a newsletter, olden ads and memorabilia and more. Sponsored by NC's Tobacco History Corporation. Still standing Is:
Washington Duke's Original Home, built in 1852Duke lived in this house with his family until 1874.
Washington Duke's original log "tobacco factory"
The very log structure where, after the Civil War, Duke and his sons Buck and Ben stuffed their "Bright Leaf" tobacco into bags, and hand-labeled it, "Pro Bono Publico"--For the Public Good.
Suggested Reading: The Dukes of Durham 1865-1929, Robert F. Durden, Duke University Press, 1987.
Duke Homestead State Historic Site
2828 Duke Homestead Road
Durham, NC 27705
Apr-Oct, M-Sat 9-5, Sun 1-5
Nov-Mar, Tue-Sat 10-4, Sun 1-4
J. Walter Thompson ArchivesJ. Walter Thompson Archives
Duke University, William Perkins Library
Durham, NC 28352
M-F 8-5, Sat 9-12:30
North Carolina Office of Archives and History109 E. Jones St.
Raleigh, NC 27601
Web Site: http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/
Morehead Manor Bed and Breakfast
914 Vickers Ave
Durham, NC 27701
Tel: (919) 687-4366
Fax: (919) 687-4245
Originally built for the CEO of Liggett and Meyers
The State Capital
North Carolina Museum of HistoryHeavily contributed to by the RJ Reynolds family.
North Carolina Museum of ArtAgain, heavily contributed to by the Reynolds family.
Historic StagvilleA pre-Civil War homestead and tobacco farm in Durham County. For more information, contact:
P.O. Box 71217
Durham, N.C. 27722-1217
June, 1996: In this city of 150,000, 7,500 people work for RJR, but the leading employer today is the Bowman Gray/Baptist Hospital Medical Center, which specializes in research on arteriosclerosis--including that caused by secondhand smoke. Bowman Gray was an RJR president and board chairman (1931) who guided the company through the twenties and thirties.
Restored colonial Salem
Reynolda House Museum of American ArtOne of the finest collections of American Art in the South is housed in the elegant home which tobacco titan Richard Joshua Reynolds built in the 'teens for himself and his wife and three children. (Suggested reading: Patrick Reynolds' The Guilded Leaf, Little, Brown, 1989)
R.J. Reynolds' Whitaker Park cigarette plantCapacity: 275 million cigarettes a day. Take a free tour, as 34,000 did in 1995. Note: Tours were cancelled as of Jan. 1, 1998. The gift shop and an exhibit area that has tobacco memorabilia, artifacts, and more than 100 years of tobacco-related advertising on display are still open.
Winston Cup Museum
1335 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive
Tickets are $5 for adults and $3 for children under 12.
The Golden Leaf Festivalis held the fourth weekend in September (Sept. 28,29 this year), celebrating the Pee Dee area's rich tobacco heritage. Only one hour Northwest of Myrtle Beach.
Call co-chair Ann Wethington at 803-464-6204
Or Call 803-464-6651
Mullins Railroad DepotMoney difficulties have delayed plans for a tobacco museum and open air market here. Still, the depot is being used by the Greater Mullins Chamer of Commerce to greet tourists coming to visit warehouses and tobacco auctions here in South Carolina's largest tobacco market, where $60 million worth of tobacco is sold in three weeks. The heart of the season is late July/early August, when the Marion Star and Mullins Enterprise prints its special, Marion County Tobacco Market section.
Mullins City Hall (Information): 803-464-9583
Marion City Hall (Information): 803-423-5961
July 21, 9:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.
General Coffee State Park
46 John Coffee Rd.
Tour Heritage Farm and learn about tobacco growing and its historical significance to Coffee County. The park stresses it isn't encouraging tobacco use, but illuminating the crop's economic importance. The demonstration runs from 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m., and includes watermelon snacks (watermelon juice helped tobacco pickers wash off tobacco tar).
Location: At the corner of 8th Ave. North (Rt. 41-A) and Harrison St.
The Museum is sponsored by the U.S.Tobacco Co.
AREAS OF INTEREST:Tobacco-related art artifacts and historical materials that illustrate the influence and contribution of tobacco on art, the economy, and history.
HOLDINGS:A permanent collection that includes fine art prints, tobacconists' figures, cigar maker's bench, meerschaum pipes, snuff boxes, advertising art, and tobacco-related antiques and collectibles from around the world.
INFORMATION SERVICES:Answers inquiries; provides advisory and reference services; conducts tours and slide/talk lectures; lends materials and exhibits; makes referrals to other sources of information. Services are free and available to anyone by appointment.
Facilities include a gift shop.
LIMITATIONS:Free, restricted; APPRV DATE: 90/02; INFO DATE: 90/02
Museum of Tobacco Art and History
800 Harrison St.
Nashville, TN 37203
Tel:(615) 242-9218 Tue-Sat, 10-4
Brown & Williamson HQ1500 Brown & Williamson Tower
See the building Jeffrey Wigand stared at in The Insider; B&W moved out to merge with RJR in Winston-Salem in 2004.
Louisvilles tobacco districtrom 1865-1929, Louisville passed New Orleans to become the largest tobacco market in the U.S.
- The Louisville Encyclopedia notes that there was a "tobacco district" along Main Street between Eighth and 12th streets, lined by tobacco warehouses and by large wooden barrels called hogsheads that held 1,000 to 1,500 pounds of tobacco.
Z. L. Lucas Jr., 79-year-old uncle of George Lucas Jr. and son of the late tobacco man Z. L. Lucas Sr., said his father spoke of an even larger district, though it may have been an exaggeration.
"Daddy said you could walk on hogsheads from Second to 10th or 12th Street," Z.L. Lucas Jr. said. "The whole street would be full."
The encyclopedia says Louisville sold 175,000 hogsheads of tobacco annually before 1900. It said there were 15 tobacco warehouses in town in 1890, and 16 large manufacturing plants for tobacco products, with 79 smaller firms making cigars and snuff.--Louisville Courier-Journal, August 12, 2001
First weekend in September.
Logan County Tobacco and Heritage Festival
Late September/early October Tobacco and Rural Heritage Festival in Lancaster is being held this weekend, Sept. 9-10, 2005, celebrating its 30th year. I'm not sure if they've settled on a specific weekend each year, but you might want to just say that it's in September. Also, the name will change next year to Rural Heritage Festival Tobacco has contributed greatly to Virginia's wealth through the centuries, and now it's contributing a name for a new rails-to-trails initiative. The Virginia Tobacco Heritage Trail will travel 48 miles through Southside's traditional tobacco-growing region, converting abandoned railroad tracks into a recreational trail. The first 4-mile segment opened last week with a boost from Gov. Mark R. Warner. The section generally runs parallel to U.S. 58 between Broadnax and LaCrosse, east of South Hill. A grant of $775,000 announced by the governor will help develop the remainder of the 48 miles. At the opening, Warner announced funding for five Virginia Works initiatives, including the trail. Two others also have tourism components. A new Tobacco Region Tourism Loan Program will have $1 million available to help start-up and support new and existing shops, hotels, restaurants and other tourism-related businesses in Southside and Southwest Virginia. Round the Mountain, a newly formed artisan network covering 23 Southwest Virginia localities, will get $195,000 for marketing and developing Southwest Virginia crafts. Two Virginia artisan centers will be created in an effort emulating North Carolina's mountain artisan and craft ventures.
National Colonial Farm Of The Accokeek Foundation3400 Bryan Pt. Rd.
Accokeek, MD 20607
*recreates life on So. Md. tobacco plantation
St. Mary's City, MD
Historic St. Mary's City
Historic St. Mary's City PO Box 39, Rte 5 & Rosecroft Rd St. Mary's City, MD 20686 301-862-0990
Southern Maryland Farm Life FestivalParlett Fram
Route 6, one mile east of Route 5
October tours on Saturday and Sunday include Parlett Farm's Tobacco Museum
Ybor CityThis preservation district, named for Don Vicente Martinez Ybor, a Cuban who established the first cigar factory here in 1886, was once the center of the US cigar industry, and at its peak was home to 20,000 cigar workers.
Walking tours of Ybor City are offered starting at 10:30 AM Thursdays and Saturdays (plus Tuesdays from January to April). Tours begin at the information booth on the first floor of Ybor Square, at 13th Street and Eighth Avenue, in Tampa.
- Ybor City State Museum
1818 E. Ninth Ave 33605
has cigar-making displays and includes tours of La Casita, a typical cigar worker's home. It's open Tuesday through Saturday, 9 a.m. to noon and 1 to 5 p.m. It's closed on major holidays. Admission is $2; under 6 free.
In November, you can attend the annual Tampa Cigar Heritage Festival.
- J.C. Newman Cigar Co. Museum
2701 16th St.
open weekdays from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
The museum is a casual, two- room, self-guided walk through more than 100 years of cigar-making. Eighteen hanging exhibits represent periods in family and company history. Photos, documents, samples of Newman cigars, packaging, equipment and inventions are on display.
- Tampa Rico Cigar Co.has cigar-making demonstrations.
- Ybor's factory has been transformed into Ybor Square, an antiques mall and nightclub.
- Chamber of Commerce: (813) 248-3712.
- Ybor City on the Internet: http://www2.tia.net/ybor/
Zippo Family Store and MuseumCongress Street
Tobacco Fields in Amish country
Demuth Tobacco shop114 E. King St.
The oldest tobacco shop in the nation was established by Christopher Demuth in 1770.
Kansas City, MO
Shook, Hardy & BaconOne NE Kansas City Place, 24th floor
(1200 Main St.)
Kansas City, MO 64105-2100
The tobacco industry's principal law firm
Easy to find--the tallest skyscraper in KC. But don't bother to visit the firm's reinforced-concrete 24th floor, which is dedicated to its tobacco work, even if you're a partner--you need a specifically coded ID card.
15th Annual Tobacco Festival, August 22-25, 1996Last year 60,000 people attended this festival in Ripley (just 50 miles due east of Cincinnatti, along the Ohio river). There'll be a tobacco worm race, wagon backing, tobacco stripping in hand-tied bundles, the cow chip throw, arm wrestling, frog jump, and duck race contests, a garden tractor obstacle course, tobacco plugging contest, tobacco spitting contest and even a tobacco worm race.and a clogging championship.
Contact: Chris Koehler, Bob Koehler or Jennifer Gifford, 513-392-4365, all of the Ohio Tobacco Festival
Ohio Tobacco Museum703 S. Second St., Ripley, OH 45167.
Admission: Free, but $1 donation appreciated.
Hours: 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Saturday and 1-4 p.m. Sunday April-January. Prescheduled group tours on weekdays.
Hennepin Business Center1021 10th Av. SE
Repository of "Secret Documents" used in the Minnesota Medicaid Suit
03/29/98: Millions of "secret" tobacco documents from the Minnesota case are scheduled to be opened to the public in 15 days. Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune 03/29/98
New York, NY
Tobacco Merchants AssociationAll aspects of industry, esp. trademarks/brands
1220 Broadway, Suite 705
New York, NY 10001
By appointment only
Arents Tobacco CollectionRoom 324
The New York Public Library
5th Avenue and 42nd Street
New York, NY 10018-2788
(212) 302-4815 fax
Howard S. Cullman Library
Tobacco Merchants Association1220 Broadway, Suite 705
New York, NY 10001
*By appointment only
*All aspects of industry, esp. trademarks/brands
Philip Morris HQ120 Park Ave., 41st. St. and Park Ave.
Star of Movies ( The Insider) and truth commercials.
110 Fifth AveOnce the seat of supreme tobacco power--HQ of American Tobacco Company in its heyday. The building's still there, though much changed.
Metropolitan Museum of Art5th Avenue and 81st St.
Collection of Tobacco Baseball Cards
Rotating stock: if you're lucky, you'll catch the famous Honus Wagner card.
Read about it here
New York, NY 10004
voice: 212.943.5858 / fax: 212.943.3211
Lots of info on Bernays, including the 1929 Torches of Freedom campaign.
Lorillard Snuff Mill (1792)New York Botanical Garden
National Lighter MuseumMore than 30,000 cigarette and cigar lighters
Tobacco MuseumTobacco-related art, artifacts and historical items
96 W. Putnam Ave.
Greenwich, CT 06830
By appointment only
Dedicated to the history of tobacco-growing in Connecticut
Preserves history and artifacts of cigar tobacco- growing in Connecticut River Valley. Old equiment on display in tobacco shed. Pictures and literature on display in archives building.
Hours: Summer Hrs. Mon.- Fri. 10 a.m. - 4 p.m. ; Sat, noon - 4p.m. Winter Hrs: Tues.- Thurs. and Sat., noon - 4 p.m. Closed Dec. 18yj 1998- March 1999
Zippo Manufacturing Company33 Barbour Street, Bradford, PA 16701 http://www.zippo.com/about/history/index.html
Tobacco Institute LibraryPrivate; concentrates on "smoking & health controversy;" Open to members; ILL available
Tobacco Institute Library
1875 I St., NW, Suite 800
Washington, DC 20006
Reference Library of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and FirearmsRegulatory history
July 19-21, 2002
Edgerton Tobacco Days, Inc.
PO Box 252 Edgerton, WI 53534
- When the first settlers came to the area in the 1840s, tobacco was brought along for personal use only. Periodically, the farmers would send back east for more seed. However, the first really successful crop was raised in 1854 by the Pomeroy brothers who lived south of Edgerton. . . At the turn of the last century and into the 1930s, Edgerton was known as the "Tobacco Capital of the World" and the nickname Tobacco City has stuck around. . . At one time, there were 55 huge tobacco warehouses in the city. . . Tobacco grown here is known as Northern Type, and was mainly used in cigars and for the "binder leaf" which was wrapped around the cigar tobacco itself. . . The industry declined when a "homogenized" binder was developed which could utilize the imperfect leaves, which were unsuitable for binders. These imperfect leaves, were made into tobacco for chewing or for snuff. That is what the tobacco grown today is used for.
Edgerton's yearly celebration of its' farming heritage is held on the third weekend in July. Last year's event drew thousands including those as far away as California, Arizona, and Massachusetts who enjoyed a community reunion of sorts full of wonderful entertainment, family activities, and agricultural experiences.
March 15th-December 31, 2002
This highly entertaining and interactive experience takes you on an ingenious journey that chronicles the history of smoking in movies, television and other media over the last century.
7021 Hollywood Boulevard,
Hollywood, CA 90028
24-Hour Information: (323) 465-7900
Located in the heart of Hollywood, Hollywood Entertainment Museum is situated on Hollywood Boulevard between Orange Avenue and Sycamore Avenue in the lower level of the Galaxy Building, just one block west of Graumann's Chinese Theater (close proximity to Hollywood & Highland.)
Shell Beach, CA
Not generally open to the public
Delhi, Ontario (Tobacco Capital of Canada)
P: 519-582-0278; F: 519-582-0122
Red Deer, Alberta
Saturday, August 04, 2001-Sunday, November 18, 2001
- A rare, hand-painted statue is expected to seduce visitors at a new exhibition on the power of tobacco smoke. Lawrie Knight-Steinbach, guest curator of the exhibition, says the Cigar Store Maiden dates back to the 1880s. The statue, borrowed from the Glenbow Museum in Calgary, is typical of the metal figures placed in front of tobacco stores to attract customers. The native woman depicted by the statue carries a package of tobacco in her left hand and tobacco leaves in her right. "The maiden is very, very rare, and we're very pleased to have it," says Ms. Knight-Steinbach. Three years in the making, The Seduction of Smoking examines tobacco's impact on society through history. It features hundreds of artifacts, relics from cigar factories, tobacco cards, smoking jackets, pipes and other paraphernalia. The exhibition also features displays on the impact of smoking on health, tobacco advertising and a computer where visitors can log on to smoking-related Web sites.
Contact Person: Teresa (403) 309-8405
Contact Person: Diana (403) 309-8450
China Tobacco Museum, the first of its kind in the county, opened in July, 2004. It is located at the crossing of Changyang Avenue and Tongbei Avenue in Shanghai.
Cigar Merchants since 1787
JJ Fox & Robert Lewis
19 St James's Street (Piccadilly)
London, SW1A 1ES
Tel:+44 (0)20 7930 3787
Fax:+44 (0)20 7495 0097
We consider the story and history of tobacco to be a very important part of social history, often neglected, due to it being a controversial subject.
Place du Feu
Tlphone : 05.53.63.04.13 - Fax : 05.53.61.90.02
"One of the world's most important collections on tobacco history illustrates the cultural development of tobacco from its beginnings in the 15th century to its global economic significance in today's society."
Tel: +43 1/526 17 16
Fax: +43 1/526 1716 10
Vienna's new Museum Quarter, or MuseumsQuartier Wien, is the museum world's answer to the shopping mall. The vast complex combines old and new buildings into a single entity of 20 museums and cultural organizations, plus cafs and shops to provide a break from intellectual overload.
The tobacco factory where the female workforce became a favourite subject for excitable Romantic painters from northern Europe, and inspired the character of Carmen. The cigarreras - who, Vicotiran travel guide Richard Ford tells us, "sometimes carry off the filthy weed in a manner her most Catholic majesty never dreamt of" are no longer to be seen. The Fbrica is now the central campus of Seville University.
Opened in November 1978, the Tobacco and Salt Museum is run by Japan Tobacco Inc.; its predecessor, the Japan Tobacco and Salt Public Corp., still has exclusive rights to produce and sell these commodities under a government monopoly.
Location: a seven-minute walk from JR Shibuya Station.
Hours: 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. (last admission is at 5:30 p.m.); closed on Mondays and other dates set by the museum.
Phone: (03) 3476-2041.
Admission is 100 yen for college students and adults and 50 yen for high school students and younger.
Much thanks to Mike Shoup for the inspiration for this piece: his article "The Tobacco Trail" in the Philadelphia Inquirer, Oct. 22, 1995
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